|Place of origin||United States|
|Region or state||New Hampshire|
|Created by||James E. Colburn|
|Main ingredients||Mayonnaise, ketchup, horseradish, pimentos, chives, spices|
Russian dressing is mentioned as early as 1900 in U.S. sources. It is also documented in a 1910 catering book as an alternative to vinaigrette for dressing tomatoes or asparagus. A 1913 cookbook has a recipe which is a vinaigrette with paprika and mustard. A mayonnaise-based recipe is documented in 1914. The condiment came to be called "Russian" since the original recipe included caviar, a staple of Russian cuisine.
Local historians claim that the mayonnaise-based version was invented in Nashua, New Hampshire, by James E. Colburn in the 1910s. A 1927 biographical article calls him "the originator and first producer of that delectable condiment known as Russian salad dressing". Colburn had been selling "Colburn's Mayonnaise salad dressing" at his store since at least 1910.
To have conferred upon the epicurean tastes of a great body of people a delicacy at once as refined as it is permanent in its popularity is not to have lived in vain; rather it is to have added to the joy of living. ... [Colburn] hit upon an assembly of ingredients, which he named Russian salad dressing, ... [and earned] wealth on which he was enabled to retire. ... As he rests on his laurels, he is conscious of having done his part well in conferring a blessing upon the people who have learned the art of eating well.— Hobart Pillsbury, New Hampshire Resources ... 
Typically piquant, it is today characteristically made of a blend of mayonnaise and ketchup complemented with such additional ingredients as horseradish, pimentos, chives, mustard, and spices.
Tartar sauce has the piquant ingredients of Russian dressing, without the ketchup. It is typically served with fried fish.
Marie Rose sauce is similar to Russian dressing, but with different piquant ingredients. It is typically served with seafood.
- Official website: "Wish-Bone Russian Dressing".
- Frederick, Maryland News March 24, 1900 5/3, quoted in the Oxford English Dictionary, Third Edition, March 2011 s.v.
- Charles Fellows, The Menu Maker, The Hotel Monthly Press, 1910, p. 114
- Margaret McHale, The C.W.C. Cook Book, Catholic Women's Club, 1913, p. 76
- Clearfield, Pennsylvania Progress, 7 May 1914, p. 10, as quoted in Barry Popik's blog entry of 28 November 2006
- Claiborne, Craig. "De Gustibus The Rich History Of Russian Dressing". The New York Times. The York Times. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- Shalhoup, Dean (22 July 2012). "City gave roots to numerous famous inventions". Nashua Telegraph. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- John Holl, "America was sweet on its spicy Russian dressing — until Thousand Island, that is", Washington Post 22 December 2014
- "Local Mention", Nashua Telegraph, 6 May 1910, p. 10
- "Colburn popularized Mayonnaise". Nashua Telegraph. 30 July 1930. Retrieved 13 April 2018. "for over sixteen years"
- Stewart, Frances Elizabeth (1920). Lessons in Cookery. 2. New York, New York (USA): Rand McNally & Company. p. 123. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
- George, Mrs. Alexander (24 April 1941). "Menus of the Day". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Lewiston, Idaho, USA. p. 3. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
- Tim's Kitchen Tips -- Episode 1, retrieved 2020-05-11
- Welzel, Karin. "Catalina dressing substitutes for Russian in recipe". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
- Kochbuch, Marions. "American Dressing". Marions Kochbuch. Folkert Knieper. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- Meena, Ava (29 January 2016). "American Food According to Germany". My Meena Life. Retrieved 7 August 2018.