Russian folk dance

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Traditional village folk dance Khorovod, 1900s.
Russian folk dance concert performed by the dance ensemble Gzhel

Russian folk dance (Russian: Русский народный танец) is an important part of Russian culture. Some of the unique characteristics suggest that many elements were developed by the early Russian population. Russian dances were also influenced by cultures from the Orient and the Occident.

History[edit]

Russian plyaska with golden Onion domes in background

Many Russian dances became known from the 10th century. Russia witnessed various invasions from other countries. Due to its location and size the country also came into contact with many different cultures through migration and trading. In turn, a Eurasian cultural mix of music and dance helped develop Russian folk dances.[1]

Many of these early dances were performed and practiced by the lower classes. Typically the upper classes would watch performers rather than participate in the dances themselves.

The original Russian folk dance traditions continue to play an important part in the culture of the country and have been in constant interaction with Russia’s many ethnic groups.[2] Russian folk dances are also in interrelations with other types of artistic expressions.[3] One example can be seen in the Ballets Russes, which invokes Russian folk dances and music in its pieces.

Costumes[edit]

next to Russian red boots, the colors white and red play a big role in Russian folk clothing.
The Kosovorotka is traditional Russian shirt patterned with East Slavic Vyshyvanka. The colors red and white are often a dominant part of Russian folk clothing.

Costumes for concert dance are beautifully designed with great detail. Typically, the clothing for the dances is based on specific events, such as holidays, and varies between these events. Women wear holiday headdresses, embroidered shirts, belts, and ornamented aprons. Men wear shirts, a belt, narrow trousers, and high red boots. The color red is incorporated in many of the costumes because it is associated with beauty in the Russian tradition. In Russian dances woman and girls often carry a pocket square with them. Girls and women often wear the traditional Russian headdress kokoshnik during performances.[4]

Characteristics[edit]

Both furious and gentle music is the basis for Russian dances.[5][6]

Probably the most famous characteristics of Russian dances are the Russian squat work (knee bending elements), stomping and the split jumps (also Russian split or Russian jump). Split jumps exist in similar forms in Chinese dance.[7][8] Dance features of this kind usually use expeditious music which changes its tempo over time.[9][10] Russian squat work and knee bending movements are usually carried out by the male dancers.[11] In Russian dance it is also common for male dancers to stomp, clap and strike the sole, front of the foot, thighs, knees and the chest with their hands held flat, similar to the German Schuhplattler, but in a much faster tempo.[12][13]

The Russian circle dance Horovod has its roots in ancient Slavic traditions and exists in similar forms in Balkans (Choros in Greece), in Middle Eastern cultures and in China.[14]

Russian dances[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Traditional Russian Folk Dance". RusMoose.com. 2015-12-30. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  2. ^ "Traditions of Russian Folk Dance :: Manners, Customs and Traditions :: Culture & Arts :: Russia-InfoCentre". www.russia-ic.com. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  3. ^ "MOSCOW STATE DANCE THEATRE GZHEL". www.russianmusicandvideos.com. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  4. ^ Guzeva, Alexandra (2018-07-18). "8 fascinating facts about kokoshnik – the quintessential Russian headdress". Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  5. ^ WeiT Media (2017-03-19), "Танцуют все!". "Калинка" (ансамбль "Сибирский сувенир"), retrieved 2018-10-16
  6. ^ vik22vik (2012-12-06), БЕРЁЗКА- BERIOZKA- ENSEMBLE FOLKLORIQUE RUSSE, retrieved 2018-10-16
  7. ^ "Artist Profile: Hsiao-Hung Lin - Shen Yun Performing Arts". de.shenyun.com (in German). Retrieved 2019-03-09.
  8. ^ Shen Yun Official Account (2018-09-02), Shen Yun 2019 Official Trailer, retrieved 2019-03-09
  9. ^ WeiT Media (2017-04-30), "Танцуют все!". Русский народный танец. "The First Crew", retrieved 2018-10-16
  10. ^ WeiT Media (2017-04-02), "Танцуют все!". Народная хореография. Формейшн "Вера", retrieved 2018-10-16
  11. ^ Timokhin, Yuri. "Kalinka song and dance". RusClothing.com. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  12. ^ Tatiana Smorodinskaya; Karen Evans-Romaine; Helena Goscilo, eds. (2012). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Russian Culture. Routledge. p. 215. ISBN 978-1283882927. OCLC 843080802.
  13. ^ WeiT Media (2017-04-30), "Танцуют все!". Русский народный танец. "The First Crew", retrieved 2019-03-09
  14. ^ Snodgrass, Mary Ellen, author. (2016). The Encyclopedia of World Folk Dance. p. 130. ISBN 9781442257481. OCLC 946160558.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

External links[edit]