Russian honey bee
The Russian honeybee refers to honey bees (Apis mellifera) that originate in the Primorsky Krai region of Russia. This strain of bee was imported into the United States in 1997 by the USDA's Honeybee Breeding, Genetics & Physiology Laboratory in Baton Rouge, Louisiana in response to severe declines in bee populations caused by infestations of parasitic mites, and has been used in breeding programs to improve existing stocks.
Resistance to mites
Russian honey bees have an innate resistance to various parasitic mites. This strain occurs in the original native range of the varroa mite, and selective pressure could have favored bees that exhibited aggressive behavior against colony-level mite infestations. Accordingly, experimental research has found that mite populations decline in colonies of pure Russian and of hybrid Russian-Italian bees. The mechanisms through which mite populations are controlled in these colonies include hygienic behavior towards mites, and possibly increased aggression towards mites. Russian stocks also have been shown to resist infection by tracheal mites.
- "Tracheal Mites Resistant Bees : USDA ARS". www.ars.usda.gov.
- Tarpy, David R.; Summers, Joshua; Keller, Jennifer J. (1 April 2007). "Comparison of Parasitic Mites in Russian-Hybrid and Italian Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Colonies across Three Different Locations in North Carolina". Journal of Economic Entomology. 100 (2): 258–266. doi:10.1603/0022-0493(2007)100[258:copmir]2.0.co;2.
- De Guzman Rinderer, et al, Hygienic Behavior by Honey Bees From Far-Eastern Russian, American Bee Journal, January 2002.
- Brachmann, Bob, p. 18, Characteristics of Russian Bees, Bee Culture, November 2004.
- Russian Honeybee Breeders Association
- Danka and Beaman 2009. Preliminary observations of autumn feeding of USDA-ARS Russian honey bees to enhance flight performance during almond pollination.
- Beekeeper Finds Russian Honeybees Uniquely Suited To Wisconsin Video produced by Wisconsin Public Television
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