Russian presidential inauguration
The inauguration of the President of Russia (Инаугурация президента России) is a ceremony to mark the start of the term of the President of Russia. The inauguration is carried out six years (formerly four years) after the inauguration of the previous president. In the case of re-election, the inauguration is conducted thirty days after the announcement of the official election results by the Central Election Commission.
The following people are usually present at the inauguration:
- Members of the Federation Council of Russia
- State Duma deputies
- The judges of the Constitutional Court
- Heads of diplomatic missions
- Representatives of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal authorities
- Diplomatic corps
The inauguration proper starts with the outgoing President reviewing the Kremlin Regiment for one last time as President and Supreme Commander of the uniformed forces of the Federation in Cathedral Square and he then walks towards the Grand Kremlin Palace.
The President-elect’s procession arrives at the Grand Kremlin Palace through the Spassky Gate. The President-elect passes through St. George’s Hall and St. Andrews’s Hall into Alexander Hall, which holds the flags of the Russian Standard of the President and the Emblem of the Russian president. The Chairman of the Constitutional Court and the Chairmen of both chambers of parliament sit at a raised platform where the President-elect joins them. The Chairman of the Constitutional Court places both Constitution and the President’s Chain of Office on the rostrum. After the outgoing President makes his address, the Chairman of the Constitutional Court of Russia then asks President-elect to take the oath of office.
The president-elect places his right hand on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and recites the presidential oath. The Chairman of the Constitutional Court then gives the President the chain of office and proclaims the inauguration of a new President. After the new president is inaugurated the Russian national anthem is played and the standard of the head of state is raised at the dome of the presidential residence. This is followed by the new President’s speech and as the speech ends and the new President leaves the halls “Slavsya” by Mikhail Glinka from his first opera A Life for the Tsar is played by the military band as a 21-gun salute is fired.
As the inauguration has been held every 4 and now 6 years on 7 May, the anniversary of the raising of the Kremlin Regiment, the ceremony ends in Cathedral Square with both the outgoing and incoming Presidents attending the latter’s 1st inspection of the regiment as the Supreme Commander of the armed and civil security forces of Russia, greeting it on its anniversary. It is then followed by the marchpart of the entire regiment assembled.
|“||In Russian: Клянусь при осуществлении полномочий Президента Российской Федерации уважать и охранять права и свободы человека и гражданина, соблюдать и защищать Конституцию Российской Федерации, защищать суверенитет и независимость, безопасность и целостность государства, верно служить народу.||”|
|“||Translation: I swear in exercising the powers of the President of the Russian Federation to respect and protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, to respect and defend the Constitution of the Russian Federation, to protect the sovereignty and independence, security and integrity of the state, to faithfully serve the people.||”|
At the same time Boris Yeltsin in 1991 and Alexander Rutskoy in 1993 was read another text of the oath:
|“||In Russian: Клянусь при осуществлении полномочий президента Российской Советской Федеративной Социалистической Республики соблюдать Конституцию и законы РСФСР, защищать её суверенитет, уважать и охранять права и свободы человека и гражданина, права народов РСФСР и добросовестно исполнять возложенные на меня народом обязанности.||”|
|“||Translation: I swear in exercising the powers of President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic to observe the Constitution and laws of the RSFSR, to protect its sovereignty, respect and protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, the right of peoples of the RSFSR and conscientiously fulfill the entrusted to me by the people of duties.||”|
List of inaugural ceremonies
|Data||President||Location||Oath Administered by||Document Sworn On||Video||Notes||Article|
|July 10, 1991||Boris Yeltsin||State Kremlin Palace||Ruslan Khasbulatov||He took the oath of keeping the right hand on your heart, at the same time, the Constitution of Russian SFSR and the Soviet Union, as well as the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Russia lay in front of him.||Video on YouTube||Russia's first ever presidential inauguration.||First inauguration of Boris Yeltsin|
|August 9, 1996||Boris Yeltsin||State Kremlin Palace||Vladimir Tumanov||Constitution of Russia||Video on YouTube||First oath administered by the Chairman of the Constitutional Court. Originally scheduled to take place at the inauguration of the Cathedral Square, but in order to save money, it was decided to hold it in the State Kremlin Palace.||Second inauguration of Boris Yeltsin|
|May 7, 2000||Vladimir Putin||Grand Kremlin Palace||Marat Baglai||Constitution of Russia||Video on YouTube||Boris Yeltsin resigned a few months before the election of Vladimir Putin as president of Russia and a result was only attending as a guest. However, Yeltsin stood next to Vladimir Putin during his inauguration, handing over the presidency to him. This inauguration was held for the first time in the Grand Kremlin Palace.||First inauguration of Vladimir Putin|
|May 7, 2004||Vladimir Putin||Grand Kremlin Palace||Valery Zorkin||Constitution of Russia||Video on YouTube||Second inauguration of Vladimir Putin|
|May 7, 2008||Dmitry Medvedev||Grand Kremlin Palace||Valery Zorkin||Constitution of Russia||Video on YouTube||Inauguration of Dmitry Medvedev|
|May 7, 2012||Vladimir Putin||Grand Kremlin Palace||Valery Zorkin||Constitution of Russia||Video on YouTube||During the ceremony, there were two minor organizational mishap: unplanned applause Chairman of the State Duma Sergei Naryshkin (traditionally yield on the podium is not accompanied by applause), and pause arose because of confusion Valery Zorkin, who took the floor, only to receive a response, Vladimir Putin.||Third inauguration of Vladimir Putin|