Russian presidential referendum, 1991

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A referendum on creating the post of President of Russia was held in Russia on 17 March 1991.[1] The referendum was held alongside a referendum of the preservation of USSR. Prior to the referendum, the Russian head of state was the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR, elected by the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian SFSR. With 71.4% of voters approving the proposal, the post of President of the Russian SFSR was introduced, and two months later Boris Yeltsin was elected as the first president.


Do you think it necessary to introduce the post of RSFSR President, who would be elected by a republic-wide vote?[2]


Choice Votes %
For 53,385,275 71.4
Against 21,406,152 28.6
Invalid/blank votes 1,633,683
Total 76,425,110 100
Registered voters/turnout 101,776,550 75.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1642 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1647