Russian submarine Akula (1908)
Russian submarine Akula, armored cruiser Rurik in the background
|Builder:||Baltic Yard, Saint Petersburg|
|Launched:||4 September 1907|
|Fate:||Sunk by mine, 28 November 1915|
|Length:||56 m (183 ft 9 in)|
|Beam:||3.7 m (12 ft 2 in)|
|Draft:||3.4 m (11 ft 2 in)|
|Armament:||4 × 18-inch (457 mm) torpedo tubes (bow) and 4 Drzewiecki drop collars|
Design and construction
The boat was designed by Ivan Bubnov and was an amalgam of the previous Minoga and the Kasatka-class submarine designs. The design was presented to the Marine technical committee in late 1905 and was ordered in 1906.
Initially the boat was to use petrol engines but these were replaced by safer diesels. The boat's design was a single hull/ saddle tank type with a diving depth of 25 fathoms (45 meters (148 ft)).
Significant initial problems were experienced and the electric motor and propellers which needed to be replaced. Akula was the first Russian submarine able to cruise long distances. In 1912 Akula made the world's first multi-torpedo volley with five torpedoes.
- Einmann, Andres (3 December 2014). Eesti võttis uppunud Tsaari-Venemaa allveelaeva kaitse alla (in Estonian). Postimees. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- "Akula (Акула) (+1915)". wrecksite.eu.
- Hiiumaa lähistelt leiti sajandivanune unikaalne Vene allveelaev (in Estonian). Delfi.ee. 25 June 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds. (1984). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906–1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
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