Russian submarine Arkhangelsk (K-525)

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Oscar I class SSGN.svg
Oscar I class submarine
History
Soviet Union, Russia
Name:

K-525 Minskiy Komsomolets from December 30, 1980

K-525 Arkhangelsk from 6 April 1993.[1]
Namesake:

Minsk Komsomol

Russian port of Arkhangelsk
Builder: Sevmash
Laid down: 25 July 1975[1]
Launched: 3 May 1980[1]
Commissioned: 30 December 1980[1]
Decommissioned: 1996 (in reserve in 1991[2])
Fate: Scrapped January 2004. Scrapping completed 2006.
General characteristics
Class and type: Oscar-class submarine
Displacement:
  • 12,500 tons surfaced
  • 15,500-22,500 tons submerged[3]
Length: 143 m (469 ft 2 in)[3]
Beam: 18.2 m (59 ft 9 in) (20.1 m (65 ft 11 in) with stabilisers)
Draught: 9 m (29 ft 6 in)
Propulsion: 2 × pressurized water cooled reactors powering two steam turbines delivering 73,070 kW (98,000 shp) to two shafts
Speed:
  • 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph) surfaced
  • 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph) submerged[3]
Endurance: 50 days,[3] or 120 days[4]
Test depth: 500 m operational, 830 m max[4]
Complement: 94[3]
Armament:
  • 4 × 533 mm (21.0 in) and 2 × 650 mm (26 in) torpedo tubes in bow
  • 28 × 533 mm and 650 mm weapons, including Tsakra (SS-N-15 Starfish) anti-submarine missiles with 15 kt nuclear warheads and Vodopad/Veder (SS-N-16 Stallion) and anti-submarine missiles with 200 kt nuclear warhead or Type 40 anti-submarine torpedo or 32 ground mines
  • 24 × P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) cruise missiles with 750 kilograms (1,650 lb) HE or 500 kt nuclear warheads

K-525 Arkhangelsk (Russian: Архангельск, IPA: [ɐrˈxanɡʲɪlʲsk]) was an Oscar I-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine of the Soviet Navy, and later the Russian Navy.[1][2][5] She was the first of the two Oscar I (the Soviet classification was Project 949 Granit) vessels constructed, the other being K-206. A further 11 submarines of an improved class, Project 949A (Antey) (called Oscar II by NATO), were subsequently constructed.

The submarine was placed in reserve in 1991, and decommissioned in 1996. Scrapping of the boats at Sevmash started in January 2004, funded by the British Government under the Cooperative Threat Reduction program. They had been reduced to a three-compartment unit (of the original ten watertight compartments) by 2006.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Project 949". RussianShips.Info. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  2. ^ a b "Project 949 "Granit"/ 949A "Antei" Oscar SSGN". Harpoon Headquarters. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Project 949 Granit / Oscar I". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  4. ^ a b "Oscar I class". Military today. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  5. ^ "Russian Navy: Submarines: SSGN (inactive)". Russian Warfare. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  6. ^ "Project 949 Granit / Oscar I". GlobalSecurity.Org. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  7. ^ "Zvezdochka dismantling two nuclear subs". Bellona. Retrieved 2011-12-30.