Russian submarine Karelia (K-18)
|Soviet Union, Russia|
|Laid down:||February 1987|
|Homeport:||Gadzhievo, Northern Fleet|
|Class and type:||Delta IV-class ballistic missile submarine|
|Displacement:||18,200 tonnes (17,900 long tons; 20,100 short tons)|
|Length:||167 m (548 ft)|
|Beam:||11.7 m (38 ft)|
|Draft:||8.8 m (29 ft)|
|Propulsion:||2 × type GT3A-365 turbines, two shafts with seven-bladed fixed-pitch propellers|
|Range:||Unlimited except by food supplies|
|Test depth:||550–650 m (1,800–2,130 ft)|
|Snoop Tray surface search radar|
K-18 Karelia (Russian: К-18 Карелия) is a Project 667BDRM Delfin-class (NATO reporting name: Delta IV) nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine currently in service with the Russian Navy. It was built in Severodvinsk by Sevmash shipbuilding company and was commissioned in 1989. It was refitted from 2004 to 2009, after which it returned to the navy.
K-18 Karelia has a length of 167.4 m (549 ft) overall, a beam of 11.7 m (38 ft) and a draft of 8.8 m (29 ft). She displaces 18,200 tonnes (17,900 long tons; 20,100 short tons) and has a test diving depth of 550–650 m (1,800–2,130 ft). The complement is about 135-140.
The boat is powered by two VM-4 180 MW (240,000 hp) pressurized water reactors which drive two shafts with seven-bladed fixed-pitch propellers. She can achieve a maximum speed of 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) when surfaced and 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph) when submerged.
The boat is equipped with 16 R-29RM Shtil (range of 8,300 km (5,200 mi) or R-29RMU Sineva (range of 11,547 km (7,175 mi) submarine-launched ballistic missiles, RPK-7 Veter anti-ship missiles and 4 533-mm bow tubes to launch up to 12 torpedoes or 24 mines.
Construction and service
Karelia was laid down in the Sevmash shipbuilding yard in February 1987 and was launched in 1988. It bears the name of a region of northwestern Russia (and eastern Finland). It was commissioned into the Soviet Navy in 1989, and after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it was transferred to the Russian Navy.
Karelia underwent modernisation at Zvezdochka shipyard in northern Russia between 2004 and 2009. The submarine had 100 new components added which included the TVR-671RM rocket torpedo system and the RSM-54 Sineva SLBMs. Other upgrades included noise reduction, better vessel-tracking capabilities and improved survivability. The submarine has fired over 14 missiles and has traveled more than 140,000 nautical miles (260,000 km; 160,000 mi).
In April 2000, Vladimir Putin, then the Acting President of Russia, spent the night in the submarine at a depth of over 50 metres, and oversaw the Northern Fleet exercises. Officers demonstrated to Putin how ballistic missiles were launched, and Putin was made an honorary submariner after he followed the traditional submariner's ritual of drinking seawater.
- "Russian nuclear sub starts sea trials after overhaul". RIA NOVOSTI. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- "667BDRM Dolphin DELTA IV". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- "Delta IV class". Military Today. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- "Vladimir Putin aboard Arkhangelsk atomic submarine". Pravda.ru. 17 February 2004. Retrieved 13 August 2013.