Russian submarine Kazan (K-561)

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Graney class SSN.svg
Yasen class SSGN profile
Name: K-561 Kazan
Namesake: Kazan
Builder: Sevmash
Laid down: 24 July 2009
Launched: 31 March 2017
Status: In sea trials
General characteristics
Class and type: Yasen-class submarine
Length: 120 m (390 ft)
Beam: 15 m (49 ft)
Draught: 8.4 m (28 ft)

K-561 Kazan is a Yasen class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine of the Russian Navy. It is the second boat of the project, separated from the first by 16 years (1993–2009). Considerable changes were made to the initial design.[1] Differences in the project have appeared sufficient to consider it as a new upgraded version Yasen-M (Russian: Ясень-М).[2] The submarine is named after the city of Kazan.


The submarine project was developed in the Malachite Design Bureau in Saint Petersburg. The Russian navy declared that the submarine will be improved in comparison to Severodvinsk, the first of the class.[1][3] Compared to the first-of-class, Kazan will reportedly have two more VLS silos (10, compared to 8 on Severodvinsk), 2 fewer torpedo tubes (8, compared to 10 on Severodvinsk) and a pump-jet propulsor.[4] Based on released photographs, the submarine appears to retain a conventional propeller[5] as opposed to U.S. Virginia-class submarines which are equipped with a pump-jet propulsor.[6]

Kazan's first crew had been formed in March 2016,[7] and the submarine was originally to be commissioned in 2017.[8][9] On 23 August 2016, the Sevmash shipyard reported that the submarine would be delivered to the Russian Navy in 2018.[10]

On 31 March 2017, Kazan was rolled out of the construction hall and subsequently launched on the water.[11][12][13][5] It has began its sea trials on 24 September 2018 and is expected to join the Russian Navy in 2019.[14] In October 2019, President of the United Shipbuilding Corporation Alexei Rakhmanov, stated that Kazan's deployment is delayed until the end of 2020 due to technical issues with its complex control systems.[15] Following TASS report has specified the commissioning period as "September-October" 2020.[16]

In mass culture[edit]

SSGN Kazan features prominently in the Kirov novel series by John Schettler. At the end of the first season, the modern submarine battles a US task force near the Kuril Islands and then hunts down rebellious captain Karpov on board the battlecruiser Kirov. Its fictional Captain Ivan Gromyko, the Matador, appears throughout the series, with significant action in the final season covering the outbreak of WWIII in 2021.


  1. ^ a b "На «Севмаше» начали строить субмарину, спроектированную в Петербурге". 24 July 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  2. ^ "На "Севмаше" заложили новую атомную подлодку для ВМФ России". 24 July 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Russia to lay down one multipurpose submarine a year from 2011". Sputnik (news agency). 26 July 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Yasen: The future of Russian SSN fleet". 31 July 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Rogozin floats out new attack submarine". The Independent Barents Observer. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  6. ^ "USS Tiru SS416 2009 Reunion Photos: USS Texas SSN775 Tour". Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  7. ^ "Crews assembled for 'Kazan' and 'Knyaz Vladimir' submarines, which are under construction". 21 March 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Атомная подводная лодка "Казань" в постройке". 4 December 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  9. ^ "ВМФ РФ: замечания при эксплуатации подлодки проекта "Ясень" учли для других кораблей". 18 January 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Delivery of First Project 885M SSGN (Upgraded Yasen class) Kazan Submarine Delayed by One Year". 23 August 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  11. ^ "H I Sutton - Covert Shores". 9 May 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Russia Launches New Nuclear-Powered Carrier Killer Sub". 4 April 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Russia just unveiled its most powerful submarine ever". 5 April 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Russia's Project 885M Yasen-M Submarine Kazan Started Sea Trials". 29 September 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Рахманов: первый модернизированный "Ясень" сдадим не раньше конца 2020 года". (in Russian). 18 October 2019. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  16. ^ "Атомную подлодку "Казань" передадут ВМФ осенью 2020 года". TASS. 9 January 2020.