Russian submarine Krab (1912)
|Career (Russian Empire)|
|Builder:||Naval yard in Nikolayev, Black Sea|
|In service:||1915 - 1917|
|Fate:||Scuttled April 1919, raised 1935 and scrapped|
|Length:||52.8 m (173 ft)|
|Beam:||4.3 m (14 ft)|
|Draft:||3.9 m (13 ft)|
|Range:||1,700 nmi (3,100 km; 2,000 mi)|
Krab (Краб - Crab) was a submarine built for the Imperial Russian Navy. She was designed by Mikhail Petrovich Nalyotov as the world's first submarine minelayer, although due to construction delays the German UC submarines entered service earlier. The mines were stowed in two horizontal galleries exiting through the stern. Diving depth was 45 metres. This ship was built by the Naval yard in Nikolayev by the Black Sea (now Mykolaiv, Ukraine). She was ordered in 1908, launched in September 1912 and entered service in 1915.
This submarine fought during World War I in the Black Sea Fleet. She laid several minefields which accounted for the Turkish gunboat Isa Reis and the Bulgarian torpedo boat Shumni as well as several merchant ships. After the Russian Revolution of 1917 the boat was captured by the Germans and transferred to the British intervention force who scuttled the boat near Sevastopol to prevent capture by the Bolsheviks. The wreck was raised in 1935 and scrapped.
- Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7.
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- Page in Russian from Black Sea Fleet
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