Fallopia baldschuanica

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Fallopia baldschuanica
Polygonumbaldschuanicum.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Fallopia
Species: F. baldschuanica
Binomial name
Fallopia baldschuanica
(Regel) Holub 1971
Synonyms[1][2][3][4]

Fallopia baldschuanica (syn. Polygonum baldschuanicum) is an Asian species of flowering plant in the knotweed family known by several common names, including Russian-vine,[5] Bukhara fleeceflower,[6] Chinese fleecevine, mile-a-minute and silver lace vine. It is native to Asia (China, Russia, Kazakhstan, etc.),[7] and it can be found growing wild in parts of Europe and North and Central America as an introduced species.[3][8][7]

Some authors split the species in two, regarding the Chinese populations as Fallopia aubertii and the Russian and central Asian species as F. baldschuanica.[7]

Fallopia baldschuanica is grown as an ornamental plant for its flower-laced vines, and it is a fast-growing plant that is grown widely as cover for unsightly fences and other garden structures. However, it has the capacity to become an invasive species by spreading beyond its intended limits. The white flowers are decorative and provide nectar and pollen for the honey bee.[3][7]

Description[edit]

Fallopia baldschuanica is a vining plant with woody, climbing stems known to reach at least ten meters (about 33 feet) in length. The pointed oval or nearly triangular leaves are up to ten centimeters (4 inches) long and borne on petioles. The inflorescence is an open array of narrow, branching, drooping or spreading clusters of white flowers, each cluster reaching a maximum of 15 centimeters (6 inches) long. Flowers hang on short pedicels. Each five-lobed flower is just under a centimeter long and white to greenish or pale pink, sometimes turning bright pink as the fruit develops. The fruit is a shiny black achene about 2 millimeters wide.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tropicos, Fallopia baldschuanica (Regel) Holub
  2. ^ "Fallopia baldschuanica (Regel) Holub". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanic Garden. 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d Flora of North America, Fallopia baldschuanica (Regel) Holub, 1971. Bukhara fleeceflower, mile-a-minute vine
  4. ^ Tropicos, Fallopia aubertii (L. Henry) Holub
  5. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  6. ^ "Polygonum baldschuanicum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d Flora of China, Fallopia aubertii (L. Henry) Holub, 1971. 木藤首乌 mu teng shou wu
  8. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Fallopia baldschuanica (Regel) Holub

External links[edit]