Russophilia (literally love of Russia or Russians) is admiration and fondness of Russia (including the era of the Soviet Union and/or the Russian Empire), Russian history and Russian culture. The antonym is Russophobia. In the 19th Century, Russophilia was often linked to variants of Pan-Slavism, since the Russian Empire and the autonomous Serbia were the only two slav-associated sovereign states during and after Spring of Nations.
Russophilia in Europe
American author Robert Alexander wrote: "I love Russians for their dramatic, emotional nature. They're not afraid to love, not afraid to get hurt, not afraid to exaggerate or act impulsively."
Russophilia in Serbia
Russia is hugely popular in Serbia, and Serbs have always traditionally seen Russia as a close ally due to shared Slavic heritage, culture, and Orthodox faith. According to European Council on Foreign Relations, 54% of Serbians see Russia as an ally. In comparison, 11% see European Union as an ally, and only 6% see United States in the same manner. During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, a pro-Russian rally was held in Belgrade, attended by 4,000 people.
Russian Orthodox Church in Tašmajdan park, Belgrade
Vladimir Putin in front of Cathedral of Saint Sava
Russophilia in Montenegro
Montenegro is also an Eastern Orthodox and Slavic country. There is the Moscow Bridge in Podgorica, and a statue of Russian singer and actor Vladimir Vysotsky next to the bridge. During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, a pro-Russian rally was held in Nikšić.
Russophilia in Ukraine
Following Ukrainian independence in 1991 Ukrainians, mostly in the east and south of the country, voted to a see a more Russophile attitude of the government, ranging from closer economic partnership to full national union. Russia and Ukraine enjoyed especially close economic ties, while the Russophilic political party, the Party of Regions, became the largest party in the Verkhovna Rada in 2006. It would remain a dominant force in Ukrainian politics, until the 2014 Revolution of Dignity. Following the 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, the overall attitude of Ukrainians towards Russia and Russians has become much more negative, with most Ukrainians favoring NATO and European Union membership.
41% of Ukrainians had a "good" attitude towards Russians (42% negatively), while in general 54% of Russians had a positive attitude towards Ukraine, according to an October 2021 of the country's population. As of 2021, there were several parties in Ukraine considered Russophile[according to whom?] including the Opposition Platform — For Life, the Opposition Bloc, Our Land, Nashi and the Party of Shariy.
Russophilia in Asia
Russophilia in Vietnam
Favorable perceptions of Russia in Vietnam have 83% of Vietnamese people viewing Russia's influence positively in 2017. This stems from the former Soviet Union support of Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
Russophilia in Iran
According to a December 2018 survey by IranPoll, 63.8% of Iranians have a favorable view of Russia.
Russophilia in Indonesia
Support for Russia remains high among Indonesians as they found animosity towards the West and support for Russia owing to Moscow's perceived ties with Muslims and the Islamic world. The US and its allies also invaded Afghanistan and Iraq, and neglected Palestinians suffering under occupying Israeli forces.
Russophilia in Africa
Pro-Russian protests during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
In response to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and pro-Ukrainian, anti-war protests around the world, many pro-Russian counter-protests were held. Such protests were held in several countries, including Australia, Burkina Faso, the Central African Republic, the Czech Republic, Germany, Moldova, Palestine, Serbia and the United Kingdom. Protests were also held in by pro-Russian activists in several Ukrainian cities, including Donetsk, Druzhkivka, Horlivka, Izyum, Kharkiv, Khartsyzk, Kramatorsk, Luhansk, Makyiyvka, Mariupol, Slovyansk and Yenakiiev.
Pro-Russian political parties
- Alba Party
- Alliance for the Union of Romanians
- Alliance of Independent Social Democrats
- Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region
- Attack, Bulgaria
- Belaya Rus
- Bulgarian Socialist Party
- Cambodian People's Party
- Chinese Communist Party
- Combatant Clergy Association Party (Iran)
- Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
- Communist Party of Cuba
- Communist Party of India
- Communist Party of India (Marxist)
- Communist Party of Slovakia
- Communist Party of Vietnam
- Confederation Liberty and Independence
- Direction - Slovak Social Democracy
- Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance
- Estonian Centre Party
- Estonian United Left Party
- Five Star Movement
- Freedom and Direct Democracy
- Freedom Party of Austria
- Golden Dawn (Greece)
- Greek Solution
- Happiness Realization Party
- Hungarian Workers' Party
- Justicialist Party, Argentina
- Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia
- Labour Party (Lithuania)
- Lao People's Revolutionary Party
- Latvian Russian Union
- Liberal Democratic Party of Belarus
- Moderation and Development Party (Iran)
- Movement for Socialism (Bolivia)
- MPLA (Angola)
- National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy
- National Rally
- New Force
- Parti Communautaire National-Européen
- Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova
- Patriotic Party
- People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan
- People's Front for Democracy and Justice (Eritrea)
- Polish Communist Party
- Power Belongs to the People
- Progressive Socialist Party of Ukraine
- Prosperous Armenia
- Prosperous Justice Party
- Reiwa Shinsengumi
- Renewal (Transnistria)
- Republic (Slovakia)
- Republican Party of Labour and Justice
- Revival (Bulgarian political party)
- Sandinista National Liberation Front
- Serbian Progressive Party
- Serbian Radical Party
- Slovak National Party
- Social Democratic Party "Harmony"
- Șor Party
- Union Solidarity and Development Party
- United Ossetia
- United Socialist Party of Venezuela
- Workers Party of Britain
- Workers' Party of Korea
- Action for Independence
- Hetmans' Party
- Russian Party (Greece)
- National Congress (Sudan)
- Bulgarian Communist Party
- Romanian Communist Party (until 1965)
- Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
- Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
- Polish United Workers' Party
- Mongolian People's Party
- Socialist Unity Party of Germany
- Communist Party of Germany
- People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan
- Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League
- People's Revolutionary Party of Benin
- Congolese Party of Labour (until 1991)
- Workers' Party of Ethiopia
- Indonesian National Party (until 1965)
- New Jewel Movement
- League of Communists of Yugoslavia (until 1948)
- Party of Labour of Albania (until 1961)
- Burma Socialist Programme Party
- Communist Party of Turkey (historical)
- Communist Party USA (until 1991)
- Japan Socialist Party
- Party of Regions
- Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan
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In 2014, the party changed its name to the Latvian Russian Union, and adopted a pro-Russia stance by signing a cooperation agreement with the pro-Russia regional party Russian Unity in Crimea in order to “strengthen the unity of the Russian World.”
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