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Russophilia (literally love of Russia or Russians) is admiration and fondness of Russia (including the era of the Soviet Union and/or the Russian Empire), Russian history and Russian culture. The antonym is Russophobia. In the 19th Century, Russophilia was often linked to variants of Pan-Slavism, since the Russian Empire and the autonomous Serbia were the only two slav-associated sovereign states during and after Spring of Nations.

Russophilia in Europe[edit]

American author Robert Alexander wrote: "I love Russians for their dramatic, emotional nature. They're not afraid to love, not afraid to get hurt, not afraid to exaggerate or act impulsively."[1]

Russophilia in Serbia[edit]

Russia is hugely popular in Serbia, and Serbs have always traditionally seen Russia as a close ally due to shared Slavic heritage, culture, and Orthodox faith.[2] According to European Council on Foreign Relations, 54% of Serbians see Russia as an ally. In comparison, 11% see European Union as an ally, and only 6% see United States in the same manner.[3] During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, a pro-Russian rally was held in Belgrade, attended by 4,000 people.[4][5]

The Serbian village of Putinovo's inhabitants renamed their village in honor of Vladimir Putin.[6][7] In Belgrade, there are the Russian Center of Science and Culture and the Hotel Moskva.

Russophilia in Montenegro[edit]

Montenegro is also an Eastern Orthodox and Slavic country. There is the Moscow Bridge[8] in Podgorica, and a statue of Russian singer and actor Vladimir Vysotsky next to the bridge. During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, a pro-Russian rally was held in Nikšić.[9]

Map showing the Russian Federation in dark red with Russian-occupied territories in Europe in light red.

Russophilia in Ukraine[edit]

Pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk, Donetsk People's Republic

Following Ukrainian independence in 1991 Ukrainians, mostly in the east and south of the country, voted to a see a more Russophile attitude of the government, ranging from closer economic partnership to full national union.[10] Russia and Ukraine enjoyed especially close economic ties, while the Russophilic political party, the Party of Regions, became the largest party in the Verkhovna Rada in 2006. It would remain a dominant force in Ukrainian politics, until the 2014 Revolution of Dignity. Following the 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, the overall attitude of Ukrainians towards Russia and Russians has become much more negative,[11] with most Ukrainians favoring NATO[12] and European Union[13] membership.

41% of Ukrainians had a "good" attitude towards Russians (42% negatively),[14] while in general 54% of Russians had a positive attitude towards Ukraine, according to an October 2021 of the country's population.[citation needed] As of 2021, there were several parties in Ukraine considered Russophile[according to whom?] including the Opposition Platform — For Life, the Opposition Bloc, Our Land, Nashi and the Party of Shariy.[citation needed]

Russophilia in Asia[edit]

Russophilia in Vietnam[edit]

Favorable perceptions of Russia in Vietnam have 83% of Vietnamese people viewing Russia's influence positively in 2017.[15] This stems from the former Soviet Union support of Vietnam during the Vietnam War.[16]

Russophilia in Iran[edit]

According to a December 2018 survey by IranPoll, 63.8% of Iranians have a favorable view of Russia.[17]

Russophilia in Indonesia[edit]

Support for Russia remains high among Indonesians as they found animosity towards the West and support for Russia owing to Moscow's perceived ties with Muslims and the Islamic world. The US and its allies also invaded Afghanistan and Iraq, and neglected Palestinians suffering under occupying Israeli forces.[16]

Russophilia in Africa[edit]

Pro-Russian protests during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine[edit]

In response to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and pro-Ukrainian, anti-war protests around the world, many pro-Russian counter-protests were held. Such protests were held in several countries, including Australia,[citation needed] Burkina Faso,[18] the Central African Republic,[19] the Czech Republic,[20] Germany,[21] Moldova,[22] Palestine,[23] Serbia[24][25] and the United Kingdom.[26] Protests were also held in by pro-Russian activists in several Ukrainian cities, including Donetsk, Druzhkivka, Horlivka, Izyum, Kharkiv, Khartsyzk, Kramatorsk, Luhansk, Makyiyvka, Mariupol, Slovyansk and Yenakiiev.[27]

Pro-Russian political parties[edit]


See also[edit]


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  3. ^ "Pandemic trends: Serbia looks east, Ukraine looks west". 5 August 2021. Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  4. ^ Filipovic, Branko (5 March 2022). "Pro-Russia Serbs march in Belgrade as country treads ever finer line between East and West". Reuters. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
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  6. ^ "Serbian village renamed for Putin would welcome Trump, too". NBC News. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  7. ^ Коцић, Данило. "Путиново, село с 12 душа". Politika Online. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  8. ^ "Moscow bridge in Podgorica". Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  9. ^ Reuters (1 March 2022). "Serb nationalists in Montenegro rally in support of Russia". Reuters. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  10. ^ Rapawy, Stephen (1997). Ethnic Reidentification in Ukraine (page 17) (PDF). Washington, D.C.: United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
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  12. ^ "Pledging reforms by 2020, Ukraine seeks route into NATO". Reuters. 10 July 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
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  16. ^ a b "Anti-Western and hyper macho, Putin's appeal in Southeast Asia". Al Jazeera. 18 November 2022. Archived from the original on 19 November 2022. Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  17. ^ "State of Iran Survey Series". IranPoll. 8 February 2019.
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  28. ^ "Salmond's Alba party asks West to think about 'Russia's security interests' in Ukrainian crisis". Yahoo News. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  29. ^ Sofia, Agence France-Presse in (26 March 2017). "Borisov's pro-EU party beats Socialists in Bulgaria's snap election". the Guardian. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
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  31. ^ "Prensa Latina - Latin American News Agency".
  32. ^ "Rusko – komunisti - svet". Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  33. ^ "Trzech posłów odchodzi z partii Korwin". Rzeczpospolita. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  34. ^ "Wielka wojna ojczyźniana w Konfederacji". Polityka. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
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  36. ^ "Stirring the pot". The Economist. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  37. ^ Janjevic, Darko (13 March 2019). "Vladimir Putin and Viktor Orban's special relationship". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
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  40. ^ Insurgency in Cabo Delgado
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  46. ^ Schulze, Jennie L. (2018). Strategic Frames: Europe, Russia, and Minority Inclusion in Estonia and Latvia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 978-0-82296-511-4. In 2014, the party changed its name to the Latvian Russian Union, and adopted a pro-Russia stance by signing a cooperation agreement with the pro-Russia regional party Russian Unity in Crimea in order to “strengthen the unity of the Russian World.”
  47. ^ "L'accordo tra la Lega Nord e il partito di Putin". il Post. 7 March 2017.
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  53. ^ @DFRLab (23 November 2017). "#LetsLeaveNATO trends in Turkey". Medium. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  54. ^ "Прогрессивная социалистическая партия Украины присоединилась к". Retrieved 17 October 2018.
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External links[edit]

Media related to Russophiles at Wikimedia Commons