Russula claroflava

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Russula claroflava
2010-08-11 Russula claroflava Grove. ss. Melz, & Zv., J. Schff 98988.jpg
Scientific classification
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R. claroflava
Binomial name
Russula claroflava
Grove (1888)
Russula claroflava
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is free
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: choice

Russula claroflava, commonly known as the yellow swamp russula or yellow swamp brittlegill, is a basidiomycete mushroom of the genus Russula. It is found in wet places under birch and aspen woodlands across Europe and North America. It has a yellow cap, white gills and stipe and bruises grey. It is mild-tasting and regarded as good to eat.

Taxonomy[edit]

It was described in 1888 by William Bywater Grove, based on a specimen from Sutton Park in the English Midlands.[1] Its specific epithet is derived from the Latin clarus 'bright' or 'clear', and flava 'light yellow'.[2]

Description[edit]

This medium-sized member of the genus Russula has a cap that is an egg-yolk yellow. Measuring 4–10 cm (1.5 4 in) in diameter, it is slightly sticky when moist,[3] and leaves and other debris often stick to it. There is usually a slight depression in the centre of mature specimens, with the margin becoming furrowed. The cap is half peeling. The 4–10 cm (1.5–4 in) high stem is white, fairly firm, straight and 1–2 cm thick. Its gills are pale ochre, and are adnexed to almost free. All parts turn dark grey on aging or bruising.[3] The smell is fruity and the spore print is pale ochre, and the oval warty spores average 9.5 x 8 μm.[4] The edible but acrid Russula ochroleuca resembles this species, but has a duller yellow cap.[5]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Russula claroflava appears in summer and autumn, usually with birch (Betula), or aspen (Populus), on heaths and moors, preferring damp places near ponds or lakes, often occurring in sphagnum. It is occasionally found in drier places. It occurs in Britain,[4] across northern Europe, and throughout North America.

Edibility[edit]

This mushroom is edible and good, with a mild taste, both in Europe and North America.[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grove WB. (1888). "Wayside notes". Midland Naturalist. 11: 265–266.
  2. ^ Nilson S, Persson O (1977). Fungi of Northern Europe 2: Gill-Fungi. Penguin. p. 114. ISBN 0-14-063006-6.
  3. ^ a b Holmberg, Pelle. (2013). The pocket guide to wild mushrooms : helpful tips for mushrooming in the field. Marklund, Hans, 1937-, Hedström, Ellen. New York: Skyhorse. ISBN 9781620877319. OCLC 816030405.
  4. ^ a b c Phillips R (2006). Mushrooms. London: Pan MacMillan. p. 40. ISBN 0-330-44237-6.
  5. ^ a b Arora, David (1986). Mushrooms demystified: a comprehensive guide to the fleshy fungi (2nd ed.). Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. p. 92. ISBN 0-89815-169-4.

Cited literature[edit]

  • Marcel Bon, The Mushrooms and Toadstools of Britain and North Western Europe.
  • Courtecuisse and Duhem, Mushrooms and Toadstools of Britain and Europe.