Rustam Akhmyarov is a Russian who was held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps. His Guantanamo Internment Serial Number was 573. The Department of Defense reports that Akhmyarov was born on October 24, 1979, in Chelyabinsk, Russia.
He was repatriated to Russia in early 2004, prior to the institution of the Combatant Status Review Tribunals, in July 2004. He was subsequently released from Russian custody.
On August 27, 2005 Akhmyarov and another former Guantanamo detainee Airat Vakhitov, were reported to have been seized by Russian security officials in Moscow and jailed in Tatarstan. According to Geydar Dzhemal, chairman of the Islamic Committee of Russia, the security officials were concerned that when Akhmyarov and Airat Vakhitov visited the United Kingdom, as guests of Amnesty International, they would testify about human rights abuses in Russia, not just in Guantanamo. He predicted the pair would be arrested on trumped up charges.
The pair were released from detention on September 2, 2005.
In 2007 Akhmyarov and three other former captives were reported to have gone into hiding because other former Guantanamo captives had been tortured while in Russian custody.
- "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2006-05-15. Works related to List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006 at Wikisource
- Stepenin, Maxim (2005-08-29). "Russian Talibs Found Through London". Kommersant. Archived from the original on 2016-08-17.
- "Tatarstan Arrests Former Guantanamo Bay Prisoners". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- "Russia frees 2 former Gitmo prisoners". UPI. Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- Maria Danilova (2007-03-29). "'Ex-Guantanamo inmates tortured in Russia'". Independent Online. Archived from the original on 2012-06-23.
Four others - Rustam Akhmyarov, Shamil Khazhiyev, Ruslan Odizhev and Airat Vakhitov - are in hiding, according to activists.