ruston de Louisiane
The Peach City
|City of Ruston|
Ruston City Hall
|• Estimate (2015)||22,340|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP code||71270, 71272, 71273|
|Airport||Ruston Regional Airport|
Ruston is a small city and the parish seat of Lincoln Parish, Louisiana, United States. it is the largest city in the Eastern Ark-La-Tex region. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 21,859, reflecting an increase of 6.4 percent from the count of 20,546 counted in the 2000 Census. Ruston is near the eastern border of the Ark-La-Tex region and is the home of Louisiana Tech University, whose athletics is now apart of Conference USA. Its economy is therefore based on its college population. Ruston hosts the annual Peach Festival.
Ruston is the principal city of the Ruston Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Lincoln parish. The previous mayor, first elected in 1998, was Dan Hollingsworth, an Independent. Ronny Walker was elected as the new mayor on November 4, 2014.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Culture and recreation
- 6 Media
- 7 Peach Festival
- 8 National Guard
- 9 Annual John Simoneaux Memorial Jam
- 10 Pop culture references
- 11 Neighborhood
- 12 Notable people
- 13 References
- 14 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.2 square miles (47 km2), of which, 18.1 square miles (47 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.44%) is water.
During the Reconstruction era following the Civil War, word soon reached the young parish near what is now Ruston, that the Vicksburg, Shreveport, and Pacific Railroad would begin to run across north Louisiana, linking the Deep South with the West (the current operator is Kansas City Southern Railway). Robert Edwin Russ, the Lincoln Parish sheriff from 1877–1880, donated 640 acres (2.6 km2) to the town and this area was eventually known as Ruston (shorthand for Russ town).
In 1883, commercial and residential lots were created and sold for $375 apiece; and soon the sawing of lumber and clacking of hammers could be heard throughout the area.
As the town began to take shape, new churches, businesses, civic organizations and schools were being established. Cotton farming fueled the economy. In 1900 a second railroad, running north and south, was built through Ruston (the operator before the tracks were removed was Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad). This brought even more business and industry to the area and the population continued to provide a foundation for the local economy. By the time the U.S. entered World War I in 1917, Ruston was established as a center for learning, a place of civic pride and as an area of economic prosperity throughout the region.
In 1938, an African-American 19-year old named R.C. Williams was accused of killing a white man and assaulting a white woman. A crowd captured the young man and tortured him with hot pokers before hanging him from a tree in a lynching. A grand jury ruled that there was insufficient evidence to press charges against any of the perpetrators.
Ruston grew steadily during the post-World War II years. The GI Bill of Rights sent war veterans to college, helped to fuel the local economy, brought growth to the two local universities, Louisiana Tech University and nearby historically black Grambling State University, and new families moved into Lincoln Parish. By the middle 1960s, Interstate 20 passed through the northern part of Ruston. This coast-to-coast highway made Ruston more easily accessible, much as the railroad had done a century earlier. In the 1980s, the state of Louisiana economy declined as the oil industry went into a recession.
Ruston, however, continued growing steadily because of the rapid expansion of Louisiana Tech. The city also had its centennial celebration during this decade, and emphasis was placed on revitalizing the historic downtown district. A joint effort between the city and the Louisiana Main Street Program and the Louisiana Department of Historic Preservation brought forth beautification projects to rehabilitate the downtown district, and helped draw the community closer to its roots. More than fifteen buildings have been placed on the National Register of Historic Places.
As of the census of 2000, there were 20,546 people, 7,621 households, and 4,244 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,136.4 people per square mile (438.8/km²). There were 8,397 housing units at an average density of 464.5 per square mile (179.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.94% White, 38.92% African American, 0.17% Native American, 2.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population.
There were 7,621 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.3% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city, the population consisted of 20.8% under the age of 18, 31.6% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 14.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24.0 years, far below the state median age of 34.0 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,001, and the median income for a family was $37,394. Males had a median income of $33,408 versus $20,413 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,573. About 22.1% of families and 32.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.1% of those under age 18 and 17.6% of those age 65 or over.
|Lincoln Parish School Board||Ruston||Parish of Lincoln||Example|
|Cedar Creek School||Ruston||North Central Louisiana|
|Ruston High School||Ruston||Example||Example|
|Louisiana Tech University||Red & Blue||University of Louisiana System|
|Louisiana Center for the Blind||Unknown||Example||Example|
|Bethel Christian School||Example||Example||Example|
Culture and recreation
Most cultural activities are offered through Louisiana Tech. Also there are shops downtown, chain restaurants in the city, and an eight-screen Celebrity Theater. Other university-based opportunities exist at Grambling (6 miles) and Monroe (35 miles). The Louisiana Tech University Arboretum interests many visitors.
Early in 2007, the city initiated a blueprint for future growth and development of the Ruston area. Known as "Ruston 21", the plan will evaluate the assets of the community and the ways to achieve goals. It will look citywide at residential development and neighborhoods, recreation planning, transportation issues, economic development, infrastructure concerns, quality of life, and working collaboratively with Louisiana Tech University.
|Ruston Daily Leader|
|1490||KRUS||Gospel Music||Red Peach. LLC|
|89.1||KLPI||Alternative Rock||Louisiana Tech University|
|94.1||KRLQ||Classic Country||North Louisiana Broadcasting, Inc.|
|97.7||KNBB||Sports||Red Peach. LLC|
|99.3||KPCH||Oldies||Red Peach. LLC|
|101.3||KBNF-LP||80's Rock||Lincoln Parish School Board aka Ruston High School|
|102.3||KWXM||80's Rock||North Louisiana Broadcasting, Inc.|
|107.5||KXKZ||Country||Red Peach. LLC|
|Ruston Rants 1 (A Facebook social discussion)|
Each June, Ruston hosts its annual Peach Festival, sponsored by the Squire Creek Country Club. The 62nd festival was held the weekend of June 22–23, 2012. In 2015, the festival is set for June 26–27, with various contests, events, and prizes available. Five bands will perform on June 27 at the Ruston Civic Center.
Until the 1940s, most area peach farming had been done on a small-scale family basis. In 1947, area peach growers organized the Louisiana Fruit Growers Association and held the first festival four years later on June 27–28, 1951. On that occasion, Justin Wilson, the popular south Louisiana chef and Cajun humorist entertained the audience at Howard Auditorium on the Louisiana Tech campus. Then State Senator Dudley J. LeBlanc of Abbeville in Vermilion Parish, the promoter of the patent medicine known as Hadacol, was invited to crown the first Peach Festival Queen, Ann Colvin of Bernice in Union Parish.
The festival sponsors races of 5K and 1M and a tennis tournament played on the Louisiana Tech courts.
Annual John Simoneaux Memorial Jam
Musicians from all over the country gather annually in Ruston to jam together and to raise money to grow the guitar music scholarship established at LA Tech by this event's organizers; the musicians in the Ruston area who shared the stage with John Simoneaux who was tragically killed in 2000 in an auto accident in Texas as he was headed to Austin for his next gig. Since then the Sundown Tavern has opened its doors to the Johnny Jam and thousands of people have attended the annual event. The event eventually grew so much that a third stage was added at Ponchatoulas next door.
Pop culture references
- Jack Kerouac refers to Ruston in his book On the Road.
- Indie rock band Neutral Milk Hotel was formed in Ruston.
- The longstanding Dixie Theater in Ruston is featured in a 1999 article in the publication North Louisiana History.
- Ruston is also the hometown of Robert Schneider, frontman of The Apples in Stereo. He attended Ruston High School.
- Ruston is mentioned several times in the HBO series True Blood. A vampire on the series is seen wearing a Louisiana Tech Bulldogs sweatshirt.
- Barnet Springs
- Bocage Place
- Marcus Pointe
- Savannah Trace
- The French Quarter
- Tanglewood, Ruston, Louisiana
- Wood Stone
- Trace Adkins, country singer who attended Louisiana Tech; originally from Sarepta
- Stephen Babcock, high-profile Louisiana trial lawyer who attended Ruston High School, and Louisiana Tech University.
- C.E. "Cap" Barham, attorney, state senator, and lieutenant governor
- Charles C. Barham, attorney and former state senator
- Leon Barmore, basketball coach who was born and reared in Ruston, played basketball at Louisiana Tech
- George W. Bond, president of Louisiana Tech University from 1929 to 1936
- Terry Bradshaw, member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, attended Louisiana Tech
- Kix Brooks, country music singer, who attended Louisiana Tech.
- P.J. Brown, retired NBA player, attended Louisiana Tech
- Mary Elizabeth Talbot Busbee (1927-2012), the First Lady of Georgia from 1975 to 1983, was born and reared in Ruston. Known as "Mary Beth", she was a medical technologist and a graduate of Louisiana Tech. Her husband was the late Democratic Governor George D. Busbee.
- C.E. Byrd, president of Louisiana Tech, and founder of C.E. Byrd High School in Shreveport.
- John Ardis Cawthon, education professor and regional historian at Louisiana Tech University
- Jimmy Childress, Ruston High School state and national championship football coach
- John R. Conniff, educator, president of Louisiana Tech from 1926 to 1928
- Martie Cordaro, president and general manager of the Omaha Storm Chasers baseball club
- Claybrook Cottingham, president of Louisiana College from 1910–1941, and Louisiana Tech president from 1941 until his death in 1949
- Paul M. Davis, Jr., orthopedic surgeon and real estate developer in Alexandria, was born in Ruston in 1919.
- Fred Dean, NFL Hall of Fame, attended Ruston High and Louisiana Tech
- Hollis Downs, former state representative; financial analyst; Louisiana Tech professor
- Clarence Faulk, newspaper publisher, radio broadcaster, businessman
- Tim Floyd, NCAA and NBA basketball coach, attended Louisiana Tech
- Vic Frazier, MLB pitcher from early 20th Century
- W. C. Friley, founder of Ruston College in late 1880s, a forerunner of Louisiana Tech; later president of Hardin-Simmons University in Abilene, Texas, and Louisiana College in Pineville, succeeded there in 1910 by Claybrook Cottingham
- Ray Germany, Louisiana Tech Bulldogs basketball player and Minden High School basketball coach; current resident of Haughton and 2016 inductee into the Ark-La-Tex Museum of Champions
- James M. Goslin, sheriff of Caddo Parish from 1966 to 1976, reared in Ruston
- Billy Guin, Louisiana Republican Party pioneer from Shreveport; reared in his early youth in Ruston
- Andy Hamilton, NFL player
- Will Cullen Hart, indie rock musician, visual artist, and founding member of the Elephant Six Collective and The Olivia Tremor Control, and leader of Circulatory System, attended Ruston High School and was a disc jockey at Louisiana Tech's radio station KLPI
- Wiley W. Hilburn, journalist and author
- Berry Hinton, baseball coach and Louisiana Tech alumni secretary
- Sonja Hogg, founding coach of the Louisiana Tech Lady Techsters
- George B. Holstead, state representative from Lincoln Parish (1964–1980)
- John S. Hunt, III, Louisiana Public Service Commissioner from 1964–1972, was born in Ruston.
- Charles Jacobs, judge of the Louisiana 26th Judicial District Court since 2015; reared in Ruston, where his parents held faculty positions at Louisiana Tech University
- Bert Jones, former NFL player, attended Ruston High School
- Dub Jones, former NFL player, attended Ruston High.
- Fred W. Jones, Jr., city, district, and state circuit judge
- K.D. Kilpatrick, mortician and former member of the Louisiana State Senate
- George M. Lomax, state representative who in 1894 introduced the enabling legislation, Act 68, to establish Louisiana Tech University
- Ragan Madden, state representative from 1940 to 1949 and district attorney from 1949 to 1979
- Karl Malone, Basketball Hall of Famer, attended Louisiana Tech, currently lives in Ruston
- Jeff Mangum, indie rock musician and founding member of the Elephant Six Collective and Neutral Milk Hotel, attended Ruston High School and was a disc jockey at Louisiana Tech's radio station KLPI
- Garnie W. McGinty, Louisiana historian
- Paul Millsap, current NBA player, attended Louisiana Tech
- E. R. Minchew, educator
- Ryan Moats, athlete, attended Louisiana Tech
- Robert W. Mondy, historian of early years of Lincoln Parish and the American frontier
- Luke McCown, NFL quarterback, attended Louisiana Tech
- Kim Mulkey, current head women's basketball coach at Baylor University, whose career as a player at Louisiana Tech placed her in the Women's Basketball Hall of Fame
- L.D. "Buddy" Napper, attorney, former state representative, and minor league baseball player
- Virgil Orr, former state representative; Louisiana Tech vice president
- Joe Raymond Peace, former football coach of Louisiana Tech Bulldogs and Ruston resident
- Elton C. Pody, mayor of Ruston from 1983 to 1991
- Morgan D. Peoples, historian
- Arthur T. Prescott, educator and founding president from 1894 to 1899 of Louisiana Tech University
- Keith M. Pyburn, state representative for Caddo Parish 1948-1952; attorney in Shreveport and later Washington, D.C., resided in Ruston from 1925 to 1932
- Patrick Ramsey, athlete, attended Ruston High
- Tim Rattay, athlete, attended Louisiana Tech
- E.S. Richardson, president of Louisiana Tech from 1936–1941
- Willie Roaf, NFL Hall of Fame player, attended Louisiana Tech
- Scotty Robertson, high school, college, and professional basketball coach, died in Ruston in 2011
- W. C. Robinson, mathematics professor and second president of Louisiana Tech from 1899 to 1900
- Robert Schneider, Indie rock musician, record producer, founding member of the Elephant Six Collective, and frontman of The Apples in Stereo, attended Ruston High School
- Josh Scobee, current NFL player, attended Louisiana Tech
- Jimmy G. Shoalmire, historian, Ruston resident, 1958–1967
- Don Shows, football coach
- John Simoneaux, blues singer, songwriter and guitarist, graduate of LA Tech; memorial jam held in his memory annually to raise scholarship money
- Mickey Slaughter, former NFL quarterback, attended, and later coached football for, Louisiana Tech
- Polly Smith, photographer
- Robert C. Snyder, English professor at Louisiana Tech, a founder of the Lincoln Parish Library
- George Stone, former National League pitcher with the Atlanta Braves and New York Mets.
- Matt Stover, current NFL player, attended Louisiana Tech
- Lawson Swearingen, reared in Ruston, former state senator, president of the University of Louisiana at Monroe, and professor of management at Southeastern Louisiana University
- F. Jay Taylor, president of Louisiana Tech, 1962–1987
- David William Thomas lived in Ruston during the early 1930s while he headed the Louisiana Tech Journalism Department
- William Y. Thompson, historian
- Robert O. Trout, sociologist
- A. L. Williams, retired football coach
- Kyle Williams, current NFL player, attended Ruston High
- Clint Williamson, US Ambassador, White House policy official, and international prosecutor
- John D. Winters, historian of the American Civil War
- Kenny Wright, 9-year NFL DB (Minnesota Vikings 1999-2001, Houston Texans 2002-2004, Jacksonville Jaguars 2005, Washington Redskins 2006, and Cleveland Browns 2007)
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Ruston (city), Louisiana". quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Robert E. Russ". lahistory.org. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- "Louisiana Mob Lynches Negro". Daily Boston Globe. 14 October 1938.
- "Jury Runs True to Form; Whitewashes La. Lynch Inquiry". Pittsburgh Courier. 29 October 1938.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "62nd Peach Festival in Ruston June 22", The Piney Woods Journal, June 2012, pp. 15, 17-18
- "Everything is Peachy in Ruston again in June", The Piney Woods Journal, June 2015, p. 6
- Mercer, Alfred. "Johnny Jam". The NewsStar. thenewsstar.com. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
- Erin Toler, "The Dixie Theater of Ruston," North Louisiana History, Vol. 30, No. 1 (Winter 1999), pp. 3-15
- "Mary Beth Busbee". Atlanta Journal-Constitution, March 5, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- Henry E. Chambers, A History of Louisiana, Vol. 2 (Chicago and New York City: American Historical Society, 1925), pp. 53-54
- Malcolm Butler (June 29, 2016). "Tech pair Germany, Slaughter to be inducted into Ark-La-Tex Sports Museum of Champions". sportsnola.com. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
- Henry E. Chambers, A History of Louisiana, Vol. 2 (Chicago and New York City: American Historical Society, 1925), pp. 313-314
- "K. M. Pyburn Rites Will Be Wednesday". The Shreveport Times through findagrave.com. May 23, 1967. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
- Ruston Daily Leader, October 11, 1933, p. 20