Linnea Rut Bryk
October 18, 1916
|Died||October 14, 1999 (aged 82)|
|"City in the Sky" (1975)|
"Ice Flow" (1987–91)
Education and early career
Bryk's parents were Felix Bryk, an Austrian entomologist, and Aino Mäkinen. Bryk studied graphic art at the Art and the Central School of Helsinki in 1936–1939 and started working in 1942 in the Arabia Factory in Helsinki working with Birger Kaipiainen. Bryk's early works include graphical designs for greeting cards and book covers, as well as ceramic objects, such as colorful containers, trays and jewelry. In the mid-1940s she made faience plates characterized by pastel colors, and scenes of women in fancy hats, strolls in the park, and young courting. This turn to the idyllic has been interpreted as a response to the horrors of WWII The subjects were figurative, often naive, poetic and glowing in color.
Late 1940s - 1950s
Her work from the late 1940s and 1950s leaves the earlier naivety behind for more complex and expressionistic work. Figures start to be constructed from color fields and raised relief: this way of working created a strong sense of contrast between glazed and unglazed sections. The subject matter also changes, and includes biblical motifs, Gothic and Renaissance architecture.
In the 1960s Bryk's work changes again, as she built large-scale ceramic mosaics meant for public spaces made on individual small tiles. Her previously narrative and figurative subject matter was replaced by geometrical abstraction. She made especially complex compositions, that make use of the three-dimensional nature of tiles and changes in glaze to create patterns with shadow, light and reflection.
Bryk's most famous pieces are the "City in the Sun" (1975), Helsinki City Hall's lobby staircase as well as the seven-paneled wall relief "Ice Flow" (1987–91), displayed in Mäntyniemi, the President of the Republic's official residence.
Bryk was awarded the Pro Finlandia medal in 1962 and the Finnish State Design Prize in 1974. She was awarded the Finnish White Rose Knight First Class in 1982 and received a Doctor of Philosophy honoris causa from the University of Helsinki in 1994.
- "Suunnittelijat: Rut Bryk". Tapettitalo. Retrieved 2016-03-08.
- "Bryk, Rut (1916–1999)". Kansallisbiografia (in Finnish). Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- "Rut Bryk: Nuoruudentyöt". TWRB Foundation. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
- Aav, Marianne & Viljanen, Eeva (eds.) (2007). Rut Bryk: Näyttelyjulkaisu. Helsinki: Designmuseo. pp. 9–10. ISBN 978-952-9878-52-9.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- O pioneers! : women ceramic artists 1925-1960. Shales, Ezra,, Kowalczyk, Susan,, Alfred Ceramic Art Museum at Alfred University. Alfred, New York. 10 September 2015. ISBN 9780996120517. OCLC 922939346.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "Rut Bryk: Arkkitehtoniset teokset". TWRB Foundation. Retrieved 2016-03-08.
- "Taiteilijainmäki V21A" (pdf). Helsingin seurakuntayhtymä. Retrieved 2015-04-25.