|Date of birth||25 September 1961|
|Place of birth||Tel Aviv, Israel|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
Calderon was born in Tel Aviv in 1961 to a Sephardic father who emigrated to British controlled Mandatory Palestine from Bulgaria and an Ashkenazi mother originally from Germany. She grew up in what she describes as "a very Jewish, very Zionist, secular-traditional-religious home that combined Ashkenaz and Sepharad, Betar and Hashomer Hatzair," and attended public schools.
She earned a BA at Oranim Academic College and the University of Haifa, and went on to earn her MA and Ph.D. degrees in Talmud from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In 1989, she established the first Israeli secular, pluralistic and egalitarian Beth Midrash for women and men. In 1996 she founded ALMA, which seeks to acquaint secular Israelis with Hebrew culture. She hosted a TV show on Channel 2 that invited guests to discuss classic and modern Jewish texts.
In 2012 Calderon joined the new Yesh Atid party, and was placed thirteenth on the party's list for the 2013 elections. She subsequently became a Knesset member after the party won 19 seats. Her initial speech on the floor of the Knesset included personal anecdotes and talmudic quotations in a plea for mutual understanding and respect, and became a YouTube sensation. She was placed fifteenth on the party's list for the 2015 elections, and lost her seat as Yesh Atid were reduced to eleven seats.
Calderon has three children.
- Ruth Calderone (14 February 2013). "The Heritage Of All Israel". The Jewish Week. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- "ALMA's Web Site". Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- Yesh Atid Knesset website
- Sales, Ben (29 January 2013). "The New Faces Of The 19th Knesset". The Jewish Week. JTA. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Meet the MK: Ruth Calderon The Jerusalem Post, 21 February 2013
- Yesh Atid list Central Elections Committee
- Ruth Calderon on the Knesset website