Ruth Mack Brunswick

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Ruth Jane Mack Brunswick (February 17, 1897 – January 24, 1946), born Ruth Jane Mack, was an American psychiatrist. Mack was initially a student and later a close confidant of and collaborator with Sigmund Freud and was responsible for much of the fleshing out of Freudian theory. Dr. Brunswick was charming, intelligent, feminine, and vivacious. Her generosity drove her to help many of her friends to leave Austria once the Nazis invaded it. She also had to leave Vienna to save her own life. Dr. Brunswick pioneered the psychoanalytic treatment of psychoses, and the study of emotional development between young children and their mothers, and the importance of this relationship in creating mental illness. [1]

Ruth Jane Mack Brunswick, born Ruth Jane Mack, was born in February 17, 1897 in Chicago, Illinois and was raised in Cincinnati. She went to Radcliffe College in 1914 and planned on going to Harvard to receive medical education, but was denied due to her gender and graduated from Tufts University instead. Her work was noticed by Sigmund Freud and began working with him to develop psychoanalysis in Vienna.

Childhood[edit]

Ruth Jane Mack Brunswick was born in Chicago and was the only child of Julian William And Jessie (Fox). Her parents were part American and had some of German-Jewish roots. She had a bad relationship with her strict father. There isn't anything about mothers relationship. Ruth became to be good in literature, music, and the arts[1]

Parents[edit]

Ruth Brunswick's father, Judge Julian Mack, became a famous jurist on the U.S. Circuit Court in New York, and also he was known as a prominent Jewish philanthropist. His only daughter Ruth attended Radcliffe College during World War I, and also graduated from Tufts Medical School.[2]

Education[edit]

Ruth was educated irregularly but early became unusually well versed in literature, music, and the arts. Ruth graduated from Radcliffe College in 1918 under the tutelage of Elmer Ernest Southard, a Harvard's eminence who introduced her into the intrinsic world of psychology. Ruth was rejected from Harvard because of her gender. Later, Ruth Brunswick went to Tufts Medical School when she finally received her M. D. Cum Laude in 1922.[3]

Marriage[edit]

In 1917 she married Dr. Herman Blumgart, who later pursued a successful career as a heart specialist; his brother Leonard had gone to Vienna for a short analysis with Sigmund Freud at the end of World War I. Ruth had completed her psychiatric residency when, at the age of twenty-five, she also went to Freud. Her marriage was already troubled; her husband saw Freud in an unsuccessful effort to salvage the marriage, but Freud evidently decided the relationships was hopeless.

Ruth had fallen in love with a man five years younger than herself, and got married a second time in March 1928 to Mark Brunswick, an American composer. Ruth was still in analysis with Freud in 1924 when Mark as well began to consult Freud. According to Mark, Freud later admitted that it had been a mistake for Freud and Ruth to have discussed Mark's case in detail. The marriage also resulted in divorce.[4] [2]

Working with Sigmund Freud[edit]

Her most fascinating period as a psychologist took place in Vienna where she was psychoanalyzed by Sigmund Freud. Later she became an intimate member of Freud's circle of psychoanalysts where she played an important role as a mediator between American analysts and Freud's circle (James, et al., 1971). Dr. Ruth Brunswick had a place in Freud's life which few if any of his biographers have noted (Freeman & Strean, 1987). She became her favorite collaborator, and both were inseparable. Anna Freud herself expressed her discontent (and jealousy) to Dr. Brunswick's privileges in Freud's researches. For years, rumors of their fierce rivalry flooded the psychoanalyst's circle. This rivalry was exacerbated when Freud gave his most important case study to Dr. Brunswick, the "wolf-man" which Anna was also expecting to have. Dr. Brunswick was charm, intelligent, feminine, and vivacious (James, et al., 1971). Her generosity drove her to help many of her friends to leave Austria once the Nazis invaded it. She also had to leave Vienna to save her own life. Dr. Brunswick pioneered the psychoanalytic treatment of psychoses, and the study of emotional development between young children and their mothers, and the importance of this relationship in creating mental illness.[5]

Death[edit]

Dr. Brunswick was suffering from a gastrointestinal illness that led her to overuse painkillers and other drugs. By 1933, she developed a total dependency on opiates. She died in New York on January 24, 1946, as a result of falling in the bathroom while intoxicated with opiates. The American Journal of Psychoanalysis only wrote that "She had a sudden tragic death" (Freeman & Strean, 1987).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ruth Brunswick". faculty.webster.edu. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  2. ^ "Brunswick, Ruth Mack (1897-1946) | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  3. ^ "Ruth Brunswick". faculty.webster.edu. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  4. ^ "Brunswick, Ruth Mack (1897-1946) | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  5. ^ "Ruth Brunswick". faculty.webster.edu. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  6. ^ "Ruth Brunswick". faculty.webster.edu. Retrieved 2018-12-10.

External links[edit]