Ruth Winifred Howard
|Born||March 25, 1900
|Died||February 12, 1997
|Known for||Second African American woman to receive a Ph.D. in Psychology|
|Spouse(s)||Albert Sidney Beckham|
Ruth Winifred Howard Beckham (March 25, 1900 – February 12, 1997) was the second African-American woman to receive a doctorate degree (Ph.D.) in psychology . She was active in many psychology organizations and received instruction from Florence Goodenough.
Education and career
After graduating from high school, Dr. Howard attended Howard University, where she pledged Delta Sigma Theta sorority in 1917 and graduated with an AB in 1920. In 1921 Dr. Howard attended Simmons College in Boston, where she received a Masters in Social Work in 1927. In Boston she worked under a National Urban League grant. She practiced her social work under the Cleveland Urban League. She also worked in child welfare under the State Welfare agency. Dr. Howard attended Columbia University under a Laura Spelman Rockefeller Laura Spelman Rockefeller Fellowship at Columbia University's Teacher College and School of Social work. She also studied in Minnesota where she received her PhD in psychology and Child development. She was the first African American woman in the United States to receive a doctorate degree (Ph.D.) in psychology; Inez Beverly Prosser had received a doctorate prior to Dr. Howard, but her degree was not in Psychology. Dr. Howard studied human behavior and received her Ph.D. at the University of Minnesota in 1934. With her husband, Dr. Howard founded the Center for Psychological Services in Chicago. She was a professor at the Provident Hospital School of Nursing and a founding member of the National Association of College Women.
- Guthrie, R.V. (1998). p. 178.
- Saltzman, Ann L. (Spring 2001). "Ruth Winifred Howard* (1900-1997)". The Feminist Psychologist, Newsletter of the Society for the Psychology of Women, Division 35 of the American Psychological Association, Volume 28, Number 2,.
- Held, Lisa (2010). "Profile of Ruth Howard". Psychology's Feminist Voices Multimedia Internet Archive.
- Guthrie, R.V. (1998). Production of Black Psychologist in America. Even the Rat Was White (2nd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 155-212.
- Biography of Ruth Winifred Howard at Psychology's Feminist Voices