Rutherford, New South Wales

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Rutherford
MaitlandNew South Wales
Rutherford is located in New South Wales
Rutherford
Rutherford
Coordinates 32°42′55″S 151°31′30″E / 32.71528°S 151.52500°E / -32.71528; 151.52500Coordinates: 32°42′55″S 151°31′30″E / 32.71528°S 151.52500°E / -32.71528; 151.52500
Population 10,182 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 2320
Location
LGA(s) City of Maitland
Region Hunter
State electorate(s) Maitland
Federal Division(s) Hunter
Suburbs around Rutherford:
Anambah Aberglasslyn Oakhampton
Windella Rutherford Oakhampton Heights
Farley Telarah

Rutherford is a suburb in the City of Maitland in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. At the 2011 census, Rutherford was home to 10,182 residents, making it the second most populous suburb in the Local Government Area after East Maitland. The suburb consists of mixed residential development, bulky goods retail, light industry and manufacturing plants. It also has its own small commercial centre. Rutherford is served by a number of schools within the suburb. These are Rutherford Public School, St. Paul's Primary School and Rutherford Technology High School. There are also a range of indoor and outdoor sporting facilities.

History[edit]

Rutherford has a historical association with racing from 1858 onwards. In 1886 a landscaped racecourse was constructed for use by the Northern Jockey Club. The complex was progressively expanded, including the addition of a 1 km (0.62 mi) private rail siding with unloading facilities, as well as two grandstands each seating up to 1000, a bar and visitor amenities. A major meeting in 1921 saw a record crowd of 7777. The racecourse was also used as a landing ground by pioneer aviators Charles Kingsford Smith and Bert Hinkler.

After falling into disuse by the outbreak of World War II, the racecourse was sold and a munitions factory built on the site, now an industrial estate in Rutherford's west. The factory operated from 1941-1945 before being converted to a textiles mill.[2] At its peak, the National Textiles factory was a major employer in Maitland, with a workforce of over 1500, although this number shrunk to around 350 by its closure in 2004. Air raid shelters built to protect workers during the war remain intact on the site.[3]

The Rutherford Cemetery is a Methodist cemetery, with the first recorded burial taking place in 1874. It remains in use.[4]

Transport[edit]

The New England Highway passes through Rutherford. The road is used by over 20,000 commuters daily, contributing to congestion and is an accident black spot.[5] The completion of the Hunter Expressway in March 2014 is expected to relieve traffic congestion on this stretch of the highway, providing a bypass for through traffic from Newcastle and Sydney to the upper Hunter Valley, New England and beyond.[6]

Hunter Valley Buses routes 181, 182 and 183 link Rutherford with other suburbs in Maitland, while route 179 and 180 connecting North Rothbury and Singleton to Maitland also make several stops in Rutherford and connect with NSW TrainLink services at Maitland railway station. Although Rutherford is bordered to the south by the Main North line, there is no railway station directly serving the suburb.

Maitland Airport is a general aviation airfield located in the west of Rutherford. Although currently there are no scheduled flights, charter services are available.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Rutherford (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Financial Review - News Store". fairfax.com.au. 
  3. ^ "Rutherford bomb factory now and then". abc.net.au. 
  4. ^ "Rutherford Cemetery". Maitland City Council. 
  5. ^ http://www.robynparker.com.au/upgrade-of-new-england-highway-to-relieve-key-rutherford-congestion-point/
  6. ^ Fairfax Regional Media (20 March 2014). "Hunter Expressway: New way to go with the flow". Newcastle Herald.