Rutilus frisii

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Do not confuse it with another fish called the kutum, Rutilus kutum

Rutilus frisii
Rutilus frisii gyöngyös koncér.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Leuciscinae
Genus: Rutilus
Species: R. frisii
Binomial name
Rutilus frisii
(Nordmann, 1840)
  • Leuciscus frisii Nordmann, 1840
  • Cyprinus wiresuba Güldenstädt, 1791
  • Gardonus wyrozub Walecki, 1863
  • Leuciscus frisii caspius Lönnberg, 1900
  • Rutilus frisii velecensis Chichkoff, 1932
  • Leuciscus frisii kutum (non Kamensky, 1901)

Rutilus frisii, called the vyrezub,[2] Black Sea roach,[3] or kutum,[3] is a species of fish in the family Cyprinidae, native to the basins of the Black Sea, Sea of Azov, and Sea of Marmara from the rivers of Bulgaria to western Transcaucasia and in Lake Iznik (Turkey).[4][5]

The related Caspian Sea fish Rutilus kutum (also called kutum, Caspian kutum) has been treated as a subspecies of R. frisii (i.e. R. frisii kutum.[6]), but the name kutum is applied to R. frisii itself in FishBase, referring to official names of FAO and AFS.[3]


  1. ^ Freyhof, J.; Kottelat, M. (2008). "Rutilus frisii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e.T19782A9013686. 
  2. ^ Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p.
  3. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Rutilus frisii" in FishBase. December 2012 version.
  4. ^ Diripasko O.A., Izvergin L.V., Demyanenko K.V. (2011) Fish of the Sea of Azov. Berdyansk, 288 p.
  5. ^ Özuluğ M., Altun Ö., Meriç N. (2005). "On the fish fauna of Lake Iznik (Turkey)". Turkish Journal of Zoology. 209: 371–375. 
  6. ^ Rutilus frisii kutum (Kamensky, 1901) Archived 2012-07-23 at