Rutland Island

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For Rutland Island in County Donegal, see Rutland Island, County Donegal.
Rutland Island
Rutland Island is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Rutland Island
Rutland Island
Geography
Location Bay of Bengal
Coordinates 11°25′N 92°38′E / 11.42°N 92.64°E / 11.42; 92.64Coordinates: 11°25′N 92°38′E / 11.42°N 92.64°E / 11.42; 92.64
Archipelago Andaman Islands
Adjacent bodies of water Indian Ocean
Total islands 1
Major islands
  • Rutland     
Area 121.5 km2 (46.9 sq mi)[1] [1]
Length 18 km (11.2 mi)
Width 11 km (6.8 mi)
Coastline 69 km (42.9 mi)
Highest elevation 433 m (1,421 ft)[2]
Highest point Mount Ford
Administration
District South Andaman
Island group Andaman Islands
Island sub-group Rutland Archipelago
Tehsil Port Blair Tehsil
Largest settlement
Bada Khari pop. 169
Demographics
Demonym Hindi
Population 347 (2016)
Pop. density 2.85 /km2 (7.38 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Hindu, Andamanese
Additional information
Time zone
PIN 744105[4]
Telephone code 031927 [5]
Official website www.and.nic.in
ISO Code IN-AN-00[3]
Literacy 64%
Avg. summer temperature 30.2 °C (86.4 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 23.0 °C (73.4 °F)
Sex ratio 1.48/
unit_pref Metric
Census Code 35.639.0004
Official Languages Hindi, English

Rutland Island is an island of the Andaman Islands. It belongs to the South Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[6] the island is lying 20 km (12 mi) south from Port Blair.

History[edit]

The island used to be home to the Jangil, one of the indigenous Andamanese groups. The Jangil (also called "Rutland Jarawa" since they were thought to have been related to the Jarawa of South Andaman) occupied much of the interior of the island according to mid-19th century British accounts, however their interactions with outsiders were few and far between. Up to the early 20th century there are only a handful of documented encounters with Jangil individuals. The last documented encounter was in 1907, and when in the 1920s a more extensive expedition to the island's interior was conducted, no traces of their active habitation were found; the Jangil had become extinct.[2]

From time to time other indigenous Andamanese, such as the Onge from Little Andaman Island to the south and Great Andamanese tribes to the north had also set up fishing communities on Rutland. However, with the great reduction in numbers of these peoples, and their (enforced) relocation to more restricted areas, the island no longer has any permanent indigenous settlement. There is a lighthouse at the slopes of the hill on the north of the island, about 2 km from the landing point. [7]

Geography[edit]

The island belongs to the Rutland Archipelago and is located across the Macpherson Strait from South Andaman Island. It is separated from Little Andaman by the Duncan Passage, and from North Clinque Island by Manner Strait. Mount Ford, 433m high, lies in the N part of the island; Mount Mayo, 227m high, lies in the S part.

Administration[edit]

Politically, Rutland Island, along neighboring Rutland Archipelago, are part of Port Blair Taluk.[8]

Demographics[edit]

There are 6 villages on the island: Rutland village,[9] R.M.Point village,[10] Bamboo Nallaha,[11] Kichad Nallaha,[11] Bada Khari[12] and east jetty (Dani Nallah).

According to the 2011 census of India, the Island has 119 households, with 347 inhabitants, speaking Hindi, Bengali, Tamil.[13] The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 64%.[14]

Demographics (2011 Census)[14]
Total Male Female
Population 347 207 140
Children aged below 6 years 30 11 19
Scheduled caste 0 0 0
Scheduled tribe 2 2 0
Literates 221 144 77
Workers (all) 217 167 50
Main workers (total) 195 152 43

The island has 53 hectares of cultivated land, 237 cattle heads, 157 goats.[13]

Flora & Fauna[edit]

Rutland Island is rich in marine life with the shallow waters near the island having a good representation of smaller fish and coral. The vegetation of Rutland Island is similar to that of North Sentinel Island with dry sandy soils. Although hilly, the island is overgrown with fairly open jungle and brush.

Tourism[edit]

Rutland Island offers an ideal base for training open water divers. Prominent tourist spots on the island include Jahaji Beach, Bada Balu, Manner Strait, Photo Nallah and Dani Nallah.[13]

Rutland Water Project[edit]

As of 2012, the Andaman Public Works Department was planning to bring water from Rutland Island to Port Blair by underwater pipeline across Mac Pherson Strait, from R. M. Point to Phongibalu in South Andaman. The pipeline would be about 1.2 km long; the maximum depth of the strait at the planned location is 55 m. The pipeline was estimated to cost about 140 million rupees.[15]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Andaman. 
  2. ^ "Sailing Directions (enroute) | India and the Bay of Bengal" (PDF) (173). National Geospatial-intelligence Agency, United States Government. 2014. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  3. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  4. ^ "A&N Islands - Pincodes". 22 September 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "STD Codes of Andaman and Nicobar". allcodesindia.in. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  6. ^ "Village Code Directory: Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  7. ^ "Government of India, Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships.". www.dgll.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-10-18. 
  8. ^ "DEMOGRAPHIC – A&N ISLANDS" (PDF). andssw1.and.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  9. ^ Geolysis (2012) Rutland. Unknown census. Accessed on 2012-07-16.
  10. ^ Geolysis (2012) R M Point. Unknown census. Accessed on 2012-07-16.
  11. ^ a b Geolysis (2012) Bamboo Nallaha incl Kichad Nalla. Unknown census. Accessed on 2012-07-16.
  12. ^ Geolysis (2012) Bada Khari. Unknown census. Accessed on 2012-07-16.
  13. ^ a b c Government of India (2008), Rutland Island In Island Wise Statistical Outline, Accessed on 2012-07-16.
  14. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). 2011 Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations, Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Retrieved 2015-07-21. 
  15. ^ Kriti De (2012), Rutland Water Project - APWD bats on ‘BOOT’ pitch. Accessed on 2012-07-16.