Ruut Veenhoven (born 1942) is a Dutch sociologist and a pioneer and world authority on the scientific study of happiness, in the sense of subjective enjoyment of life. His work on the social conditions for human happiness at Erasmus University Rotterdam in the Netherlands, has contributed to a renewed interest in happiness as an aim for public policy. He has shown that happiness can be used a reliable measure to assess progress in societies which was one of the sources of inspiration for the United Nations to adopt happiness measures as a holistic approach to development. Veenhoven is the founding director of the World Database of Happiness and a founding editor of the Journal of Happiness Studies. He has been described as "the godfather of happiness studies", and "a leading authority on worldwide levels of happiness from country to country", whose work "earned him international acclaim".
Veenhoven was born in The Hague in the Netherlands in 1942. He graduated in 1962 from the Nederlands Lyceum in The Hague and received a master's degree in sociology (specializing in public management) from Erasmus University in Rotterdam (1969). Subsequently, he completed a PhD in the Social Sciences also at Erasmus, with a dissertation on "The Condition of Happiness". He was also registered as a social-sexologist (1994–2000). Between 1970 and 1990 Veenhoven was a leading advocate of abortion law reform and in promoting acceptance of voluntary childlessness in The Netherlands.
From 2001 until his retirement in 2007 he taught in Rotterdam as professor of 'Social conditions for human happiness', where he currently works in the Erasmus Happiness Economics Research Organization (Ehero). Since 1985 he has been director of the World Database of Happiness at Erasmus University Rotterdam. From 1995 until 2002 he was extraordinary professor of Humanism at the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands (Piet Thoenes chair).
In 1984 Veenhoven earned his doctorate on the dissertation ‘Conditions of Happiness’ that synthesized the results of 245 empirical studies on happiness. On that basis he developed the World Database of Happiness, which now covers 20,000 research findings taken from 3500 empirical investigations. Veenhoven is mentioned in the top 5% of authors in his field (December 2012).
The International Society for Quality of Life Studies (ISQOLS) has awarded Veenhoven several times:
- 1997: Research Fellow Award
- 2000: Best Annual SIR Paper Award
- 2001: Distinguished QOL Researcher Award
- 2009: Best Annual JOHS Paper Award.
Research on happiness
- Main findings are:
- Happiness is universal. All humans tend to assess how much they like the life they live and conditions for happiness are quite similar. Yet there is some cultural variation in beliefs about happiness. Happiness draws of gratification of universal needs, rather than on meeting culturally relative wants.
- Need gratification depends both on the livability of society and the life-ability of individuals.
- Greater happiness of a greater number is possible in contemporary societies and can be ‘engineered’, among other things in the following ways:
- Fostering freedom, so that people can choose the way of life that fits them best.
- Informing people about effects of major choices on the happiness of people like them. This requires large scale long-term follow-up studies comparable to research in nutrition.
- Investing in mental health, professionalization of life-coaching.
- Happiness signals that we are functioning well and for that reason happiness goes hand-in-hand with good health, both mental and physical. Happy people live longer.
- Being happy combines well with doing good. Happier people do better in relationships, do more voluntary work and are more interested in other people and their problems.
- Rojas, Mariano (2007-06-01). "Inspiring Economics". Journal of Happiness Studies. 8 (2): 293–98. doi:10.1007/s10902-007-9048-3.
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- OECD, 2nd world forum. "Measuring and fostering the progress of societies". Measures of Gross National Happiness. oecd. Retrieved 2013-05-22.
- Ban, Ki-moon. "Happiness: towards a holistic approach to development". Sixty-seventh session Agenda item 14. United Nations. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
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- Weiner, Eric, The geography of bliss: one grump's search for the happiest places in the world, pp. 20–33, p. 20 quoted, 2008, Random House, ISBN 0552775088, ISBN 978-0552775083, google books
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- Robert Biswas-Diener, Ben Dean, Positive Psychology Coaching: Putting the Science of Happiness to Work for Your Clients, (e-book, no page numbers, section "A Scientific History of Happiness", 2010, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 0470893087, ISBN 978-0470893081, google books
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- Volkskrant, Dutch Newspaper. "Persoonlijk". Retrieved 2012-12-12.
- Veenhoven, Ruut (February 2011). "World Database of Happiness: Example of a focused 'Findings Archive". German Data Forum RatSWD. German Data Forum RatSWD. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
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- Van Praag, Bernard (2007). Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach. p. vi: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199226146.
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- Oishi, Shigehiro (2012). The Psychological Wealth of Nations: Do Happy People Make a Happy Society. p 105: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1405192101.
- Veenhoven, Ruut (February 1991). "Is happiness relative". Social Indicators Research. 24 (1): 1–34. doi:10.1007/bf00292648. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- Veenhoven, Ruut (March 2001). "The four qualities of life: Ordering concepts and measures of the good life". Journal of Happiness Studies. 1 (1): 1–39. doi:10.1023/A:1010072010360. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
- Sheldon, Kennon M. (2011). Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward'. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 396–409. ISBN 978-0-19-537358-5.
- Berg, Maarten (2010). Geluk in Landen. Rotterdam: Erasmus University.
- Ott, Jan (2012). An Eye on Happiness; Happiness as an additional goal for citizins and governments (PDF). Den Haag: Beta communications. ISBN 978-90-5335-589-3.
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- Bergsma A, Veenhoven R (2011). "The happiness of people with a mental disorder in modern society". Psychology of Well-Being; Theory, Research & Practice. 1 (2). Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- Bergsma A, Ten Have M, Veenhoven R, De Graaf R (2011). "Happy life expectancy associated with various mental disorders" (PDF). Netherlands Journal of Psychology. 66 (1): 33–36. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- Veenhoven, Ruut (May 2010). "Life is Getting Better: Societal Evolution and Fit with Human Nature". Social Indicators Research. 97 (1): 105–122. doi:10.1007/s11205-009-9556-0. PMC 2848343. PMID 20390030. Retrieved 16 April 2013.