Rufim Boljević

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Rufim Boljević
Metropolitan of Cetinje
Metropolis Metropolitanate of Cetinje
See Cetinje
Installed 1662 or 1673
Term ended January 1685
Predecessor Mardarije Kornečanin
Successor Vasilije Veljekrajski
Personal details
Born Unknown
Boljevići, Crmnica (modern Montenegro)
Died January 1685
Denomination Serbian Orthodox
Residence Cetinje

Rufim Boljević (Serbian Cyrillic: Руфим Бољевић; fl. 1673 – d. January 1685) was the Serbian Orthodox Metropolitan (vladika) of Cetinje from 1662 or 1673 until his death in January 1685. He succeeded Mardarije Kornečanin (fl. 1640–59), and was succeeded by Vasilije Veljekrajski.

Life[edit]

Boljević was from Crmnica, and belonged to the Plamenac brotherhood, and is scarcely mentioned as Rufim Plamenac (Руфим Пламенац).[1][2]

It is generally believed he succeeded Mardarije Kornečanin, mentioned between 1640 and 1659.[3] The Cetinje see seems to have been unseated from 1660 until early 1662, when an unnamed Metropolitan of Cetinje is mentioned in a source from the Bay of Kotor.[4] Boljević is mentioned in sources from 1673, 1675, 1682 and 1685.[3] He funded the construction of water reservoir in Hilandar before being ortinated as Vladika.[5] It has been theorized that it was Boljević who was mentioned in 1662 (by I. Stjepčević and P. Kovijančić).[6] If he indeed had taken the seat in 1662, it means that he (as the Metropolitan) was one of two arbiters in the feud between harambaša Lazarić and Karučan from Crmnica, mentioned on November 2, 1662; as Boljević was from Crmnica, this has been taken as proof.[4] It would also mean that he was active during the Cretan War (1645–69), in which many hajduks (brigands) from the region of Montenegro participated in, in the service of the Republic of Venice. A notable leader was Bajo Pivljanin.

After the Cretan War, he was an active protester against Catholic propaganda, famous for his conversion of Kuči Vojvode Lale Drekalov from catholicism to orthodoxy.[7][8] He had notable influence on the Montenegrin tribes, meeting with common folk and stopped blood revenge, and cursing evil-doers.[9] He had been a staunch supporter of the Republic of Venice, and upon his death in January 1685, the Venetian Senate sent a letter to the Venetian governor of Kotor, expressing their "sorrow for the Metropolitan of Cetinje, who always showed interest in our service".[10] He was the most loyal friend of Venice of his time.[10] He was buried in Gornje Brčele monastery. [11]

He was succeeded by Vasilije Veljekrajski, who is only mentioned by Nićifor Dučić, without a lifespan or service period.[3]

A descendant of his, Arsenije Plamenac, also served as Metropolitan (1781–1784).

See also[edit]

Annotations[edit]

  • Name: His name is mostly spelled Rufim Boljević (Руфим Бољевић), while his given name can be spelled as Ruvim (Рувим) as well.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rade Turov Plamenac; Jovan R. Bojović (1997). Memoari. CID. p. 515. Руфим (Пламенац) Бољевић 1675 
  2. ^ Ivo Jovićević; Vladeta Cvijović; Nikola Jovićević (1995). O ljudima i događajima, 1892-1936: sjećanje jednog federaliste. "Obod". p. 4. А мислио је, можда, да на то има право будући је потоњи владика, од оних из разнијех племена, био његов предак Руфим Бољевић, дакле Руфим Пламенац. Да би у овом подухвату успио, пође он у Скадар код својих рођака ... 
  3. ^ a b c Filip Ivanović (2006). Problematika autokefalije Mitropolije Crnogorsko-primorske. Unireks. p. 42. Руфим Бољевић (помиње се 1673, 1675, 1682. и 1685.) 
  4. ^ a b Историски записи. 9. с.н. 1954. pp. 528–529. Посли]е владике Мардари]а (1659), столица цетињског митрополита ни]е била, изгледа, попутьена током 1660 — 1. Почетком године 1662, у которским изворима помиње се владика цетињски. То ]е, бесумње, Рувим Бољевић. У ... 
  5. ^ http://www.rastko.rs/rastko-cg/povijest/istorijat/istorijat_2_c.html
  6. ^ Istorijski zapisi. 1955. p. 250. ... а ту би морало бити података да ]е и дал>е живио, ньегов наслз^зник, изгледа, ни]е био изабран до почетка 1662, а отада ]'е цеттьски митрополит Рувим Бол>евиК (И. СтдепчевиЬ я. Р. КовизаниЬ, Неколико података о Рувиму ... 
  7. ^ Институт славяноведения и балканистики (Российская академия наук) (2001). Османская Империя и страны Централ&ной, Восточной и Юго-Восточной Европы в 17 в.. 2(2001). "Памятники исторической мысли". p. 218. Новый митрополит Рувим Болевич после окончания Кандийской войны активно противодействовал католической пропаганде11. События в Черногории являлись отзвуком борьбы в Печской патриархии, очень обширной и потому ... 
  8. ^ http://montenegrina.net/pages/pages1/istorija/plemena/drekalovici_porijeklo_vojvoda_drekale_m_miljanov.html
  9. ^ Velibor V. Džomić (2006). Pravoslavlje u Crnoj Gori. Svetigora. Митрополит Рувим (Бољевић) имао је велики утицај на племена. Стално је ишао по народу, мирио ... 
  10. ^ a b Gligor Stanojević; Jorjo Tadić (1970). Jugoslovenske zemlje u mletačko-turskim ratovima XVI-XVIII vijeka. Istorijski institut. p. 329. Када ј« јаиуара 1685. улфо цетињоки митрополит Рувим, 
  11. ^ http://www.novosti.rs/vesti/planeta.300.html:553836-Cipur-Smiraj-23-mitropolita-kod-oltara