Václav Havel Airport Prague

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Václav Havel Airport Prague

Letiště Václava Havla Praha
Prague airport logo czech.svg
Prago-Ruzyně, flughaveno, el-aera vido, 7.jpeg
Airport typePublic
OwnerMinistry of Finance
OperatorLetiště Praha, Ltd.
Opened5 April 1937; 85 years ago (1937-04-05)
Hub for
Focus city for
Time zoneCET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+02:00)
Elevation AMSL1,234 ft / 376 m
Coordinates50°06′06″N 14°15′48″E / 50.1018°N 14.2632°E / 50.1018; 14.2632Coordinates: 50°06′06″N 14°15′48″E / 50.1018°N 14.2632°E / 50.1018; 14.2632
PRG is located in Prague
PRG is located in Czech Republic
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 3,715 12,188 Concrete
12/30 3,250 10,663 Concrete
Number Length Surface
m ft
FATO 1 29 95 Asphalt/Grass
FATO 2 38 125 Asphalt/Grass
Statistics (2019)
Passenger change 18-19Increase6%
Cargo81,768 t
Aircraft movements154,777
Source: Czech AIP at the Air Navigation Services of the Czech Republic (ANS CR)[3]

Václav Havel Airport Prague (Czech: Letiště Václava Havla Praha), formerly Prague Ruzyně International Airport (Czech: Mezinárodní letiště Praha-Ruzyně, Czech pronunciation: [ˈpraɦa ˈruzɪɲɛ]) (IATA: PRG, ICAO: LKPR), is the international airport of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. The airport was founded in 1937, when it replaced the Kbely Airport (founded in 1918). It was reconstructed and extended in 1956, 1968, 1997, and 2006. In 2012, it was renamed after the last president of Czechoslovakia and the first president of the Czech Republic, Václav Havel. It is located at the edge of the Prague-Ruzyně area, next to Kněževes village, 12 km (7 mi) west of the centre of Prague[3] and 12 km (7 mi) southeast of the city of Kladno.

In 2018 it served around 17 million passengers.[4] It serves as a hub for Czech Airlines and Smartwings, and as a base for Ryanair and Eurowings.


Old control tower built in 1937 (rear view) – now part of Terminal 4
Old control tower (front view) during the visit of Dwight D. Eisenhower to Prague on 12 October 1945

Prague–Ruzyně Airport began operations on 5 April 1937,[5] but Czechoslovak civil aviation history started at the military airport in Prague–Kbely in 1919. The Prague Aviation Museum is now found at Kbely Airport.

Due to insufficient capacity of Kbely Airport by the mid-1930s, the government decided to develop a new state civil airport in Ruzyně.[citation needed] One of the major awards Prague Ruzyně Airport received include Diploma and Gold Medal granted in 1937 at the occasion of the International Art and Technical Exhibition in Paris[citation needed] (Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne also known as Paris 1937 World's Fair) for the technical conception of the central airport, primarily the architecture of the check-in building (nowadays known as Terminal 4) designed by architect Adolf Benš.[6]

In one of the most dramatic moments in its history, the airport was seized by Soviet paratroopers on the night of 20–21 August 1968, who then facilitated the landing of Soviet troops and transports for the invasion of Czechoslovakia.[citation needed]

Moreover, the Ruzyně fields provide opportunities for further expansion of the airport according to the increasing capacity demand. The airport serves as a hub of the trans-European airport network.

Political and economic changes have significantly influenced Prague–Ruzyně Airport's seventy-year history. Some new air transportation companies and institutions were founded and some ceased operation since then. Ten entities have been responsible for airport administration over time, including the new construction and development. Until the 1990s, there were two or three-decade gaps before the major modernisation of Prague–Ruzyně Airport began to match the current capacity requirements.[citation needed]

The airport stood in for Miami International Airport in the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale.[7]

An online petition organised by one of the best-known Slovak film directors, Fero Fenič, calling on the government and the Parliament to rename Prague Ruzyně Airport to Václav Havel International Airport attracted – in just one week after 20 December 2011—the support of over 65,000 signatories both within and outside the Czech Republic.[8] A rendition of the airport with the proposed Václav Havel name in the form of his signature followed by his typical heart symbol suffix was included in the blog's article in support of renaming of the airport.[9] This name change took place on 5 October 2012 on what would have been Havel's 76th birthday. The PRG name of the airport for IATA and ICAO will remain the same.

Further development[edit]

View on pier B (Terminal 1) and C (Terminal 2)
Terminal 1 of Prague Airport

As the capacity of the airport has been reaching its limit for the last couple of years (as of 2005),[citation needed] further development of the airport is being considered. Besides regular repairs of the existing runways, Prague Airport (Czech: Letiště Praha s.p.) began the preparations for building a new runway, parallel to the 06/24 runway. The construction with estimated costs of CZK 5–7 billion was scheduled to begin in 2007, and the new runway marked 06R/24L (also called the BIS runway) was to be put into service in 2010. Because of many legal problems and the protests of people who live close to the airport premises, however, the construction has not yet begun. Despite these problems, the project has support from the government, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2014.[10]

It will be over 3,500 m (11,483 ft) long. Located about 1,500 m (4,921 ft) southeast of the present main runway, the 24L runway will be equipped with a category III ILS, allowing landing and taking off under bad weather conditions.

Prague Airport states that besides increasing the airport capacity, the new runway system will greatly reduce the noise level in some densely inhabited areas of Prague. This should be achieved by reorganising the air traffic space around the airport, and shifting the traffic corridors after putting the two parallel runways into service. The vision of heavy traffic raised many protests from the suburban communities directly surrounding the airport. On 6 November 2004, local referenda were held in two Prague suburbs – Nebušice and Přední Kopanina – giving official support to the local authorities for active opposition against the construction of the parallel runway.

The construction of a railway connection between the airport and Prague city centre is also in the planning stage. The track will be served by express trains with special fares, connecting non-stop the airport with the city centre, and local trains fully integrated into Prague integrated transit system.[11]

General runway reconstruction[edit]

The main runway 06/24 was reconstructed from 2012 to 2013 due to poor technical conditions. During reconstruction, runway 12/30 was the only usable runway as runway 04/22 is closed permanently.[12] The runway reconstruction was originally planned for three stages. The first stage in 2012, the second stage in 2013 and the last stage in 2014. Runway 12/30 (which would be used during the reconstruction of the main runway) is not equipped for low visibility landings as it offers only ILS CAT I landings. In addition, the approach path of runway 12/30 goes above high-density population areas (such as Prague 6 and Kladno). Therefore, the second and the third stage of the runway reconstruction had to be merged so the works could be finished in 2013.[13][14]


Airport Map
Terminal 2 of Prague Airport


Prague Airport has two main passenger terminals, two general aviation terminals, as well as a cargo facility. Most flights depart Prague Airport from the North Terminals (Terminal 1 and 2). The South Terminals (Terminal 3 and 4) handle a few irregular flights, as well as VIP flights, special flights and small aircraft.

  • Terminal 1 is used for flights outside the Schengen Area; it was opened in 1968 and rebuilt in 1997, it includes concourses A and B
  • Terminal 2 is used for flights within the Schengen area; it was opened on 17 January 2006, it includes concourses C and D
  • Terminal 3 is used for private and charter flights; it was opened in 1997
  • Terminal 4 is used exclusively for VIP flights and state visits; it is the oldest part of the airport, and was opened on 5 April 1937.[15]

There are also two freight terminals, Cargo Terminal 1 is operated by Menzies Aviation Czech while Cargo Terminal 2 is operated by Skyport.


The airport contains two runways in service: 06/24 (till April 1993 07/25) and 12/30 (till May 2012 13/31). Former runway 04/22 is permanently closed for take-offs and landings and is used for taxiing and parking only.[3][12] The most used runway is 24 due to the prevailing western winds. Runway 30 is also used often. Runway 06 is used rarely, while runway 12 is used only exceptionally.


The company operating the airport is Prague Airport (Letiště Praha, a. s.), a joint-stock company that has one shareholder, the Ministry of Finance. The company was founded in February 2008, as part of a privatisation process involving the Airport Prague (Správa Letiště Praha, s.p.) state enterprise. This action was in accordance with the Czech Republic Government Memorandum Nr. 888, which had been passed on 9 July 2008. On 1 December 2008, Prague Airport took all rights and duties formerly held by Správa Letiště Praha, s.p., and Prague Airports took all business authorisations, certificates, employees, and licenses from the former company.[16] The head office of Prague Airport is in Prague 6.[17] The former state-owned enterprise had its head office on the airport property.[18][19]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Prague Airport:[20]

Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
airBaltic Riga
Air Cairo Hurghada, Marsa Alam[21]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta[22]
Air Moldova Chișinău[23]
Air Montenegro Seasonal: Tivat[24]
Air Serbia Belgrade
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv[25]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv[26]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Seasonal: London–City
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan (begins 18 July 2023)[27]
Corendon Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Dubrovnik (begins 18 May 2023),[28] Split[29]
Cyprus Airways Larnaca (resumes 3 May 2023)[30]
Czech Airlines[31][32] Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York–JFK[33]
easyJet Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Bristol, Geneva, Lisbon (begins 31 March 2023),[34] London–Gatwick, Lyon (begins 4 September 2023),[35] Manchester, Milan–Malpensa, Porto[36]
Seasonal: Edinburgh, London–Luton
Egyptair Seasonal: Hurghada[37]
El Al Tel Aviv[38]
Emirates Dubai–International
Eurowings Athens, Barcelona, Birmingham, Bristol, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Fuerteventura, Geneva,[39] Larnaca,[40] Málaga, Oslo, Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tenerife–South[41]
Seasonal: Alicante,[42] Corfu (begins 10 June 2023),[39] Funchal, Heraklion,[40] Hurghada,[43] Marsa Alam,[43] Mykonos,[40] Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes (begins 6 June 2023),[39] Zakynthos (begins 4 June 2023)[44]
Finnair Helsinki
flydubai Dubai–International
FlyErbil Erbil[45]
flynas Seasonal: Riyadh[46]
FlyOne Seasonal: Chișinău (begins 26 June 2023)[47]
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík (begins 1 June 2023)[48]
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Jazeera Airways Seasonal: Kuwait City[49]
Jet2.com[50] Birmingham, Bristol (begins 30 November 2023), Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted (begins 30 November 2023), Manchester
Seasonal: Belfast–International,[51] East Midlands,[51] Glasgow, Newcastle upon Tyne
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seasonal: Seoul–Incheon[52]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal charter: Krabi, Malé,[53][54] Nosy Be,[55] Punta Cana,[53][54] Zanzibar[53][54]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg[56]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Stavanger
Nouvelair Seasonal charter: Monastir
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[57]
Play Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík[58]
Qatar Airways Doha[59]
Ryanair[60] Amman–Queen Alia, Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Bergamo, Bordeaux, Budapest, Charleroi, Copenhagen, Dublin, Edinburgh, Gothenburg, Košice, Kraków, London–Stansted, Madrid, Manchester, Marseille, Naples, Pisa, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino,[61] Treviso, Turin
Seasonal: Bologna, Corfu, Gdańsk (begins 29 March 2023),[62] Palma de Mallorca, Pescara, Rhodes, Rimini,[63] Seville (begins 1 July 2023),[64] Skiathos (begins 2 June 2023),[62] Zadar
Salam Air Muscat[65]
Seasonal: Salalah[65]
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen, Oslo (begins 28 September 2023),[66] Stockholm–Arlanda
Smartwings[67] Dubai–International, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada,[68] Lanzarote, Málaga, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Split, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Almería, Antalya, Burgas, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Funchal, Heraklion, Karpathos, Kefalonia, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Larnaca, Menorca, Murcia, Nice,[69] Olbia, Preveza/Lefkada, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini,[70] Thessaloniki, Tirana, Valencia, Varna, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Agadir, Aqaba, Boa Vista, Bodrum, Capital (begins 12 June 2023),[71] Dakar, Dalaman, Djerba, Enfidha, Faro, Girona, Ibiza, Izmir, Kalamata, Kavala, Kithira, Lemnos, Mersa Matruh, Monastir, Muscat, Naples, Oujda, Palermo, Patras, Ras Al Khaimah, Reus, Sal, Salalah, Sharm el Sheikh, Skiathos, Taba
SunExpress Antalya
Seasonal: Izmir[72]
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Eindhoven, Paris–Orly
Tunisair Seasonal: Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Uzbekistan Airways Seasonal charter: Tashkent
Volotea Nantes
Seasonal: Lyon, Toulouse
Vueling Amsterdam,[73] Barcelona, Paris–Orly
Seasonal: Bilbao (begins 2 July 2023)[74]
Wizz Air Bucharest,[75] Catania,[76] Iași, Kutaisi, Larnaca, London–Luton,[77] Milan–Malpensa,[78] Naples,[79] Rome–Fiumicino,[80] Varna,[81] Venice,[82] Yerevan (begins 12 June 2023)[83]


Qatar Airways Cargo[84] Budapest, Doha
Turkish Cargo[85] Istanbul, Vilnius
UPS Airlines[86] Cologne/Bonn


Preserved Aero Ae-45 in Prague Airport Terminal 1
Annual passenger traffic at PRG airport. See Wikidata query.

Annual passenger numbers[edit]

% Change
% Change
2001[87] 6,098,742 29,571
2002[88] 6,314,653 Increase 34,829 Increase
2003[89] 7,463,120 Increase 41,440 Increase
2004[87] 9,696,413 Increase 46,885 Increase
2005[87] 10,777,020 Increase 46,002 Decrease
2006[90] 11,581,511 Increase7.46 54,972 Increase6.27
2007[91] 12,436,254 Increase7.38 55,179 Increase0.38
2008[92] 12,630,557 Increase1.56 47,870 Decrease-13.25
2009[93] 11,643,366 Decrease-7.82 42,476 Decrease-11.27
2010[94] 11,556,858 Decrease-0.74 58,275 Increase37.19
2011[95] 11,788,629 Increase2.01 62,688 Increase7.57
2012[96] 10,807,890 Decrease-8.32 52,977 Decrease-15.49
2013[97] 10,974,196 Increase1.54 51,902 Decrease-2.03
2014[98] 11,149,926 Increase1.60 50,897 Decrease-1.93
2015[99] 12,030,928 Increase7.90 50,595 Decrease-0.59
2016[100] 13,074,517 Increase8.67 71,091 Increase40.51
2017[101] 15,415,001 Increase17.9 81,879 Increase15.18
2018[102] 16,797,006 Increase8.97 80,915  Decrease-1.18
2019[1][2] 17,804,900 Increase6.00 81,768 Increase1.05
2020[103] 3,665,871 Decrease79.40 52,442 Decrease-35,86
2021[104] 4,388,826 Increase19.72 -- --

It was the 35th busiest airport in Europe in 2019 and the second busiest (after Warsaw Chopin Airport) in the newer EU member states.

Busiest routes[edit]

The top 15 destinations by passengers handled in 2019 were:[105]

Rank Airport 2019 2018
1 Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol 759,011 690,857
2 France Paris–Charles de Gaulle 740,439 712,414
3 Russia Moscow–Sheremetyevo 696,232 755,935
4 Germany Frankfurt 527,836 524,302
5 United Arab Emirates Dubai 469,029 506,462
6 United Kingdom London–Heathrow 447,149 443,741
7 Spain Barcelona 440,222 432,521
8 United Kingdom London–Stansted 435,969 408,188
9 Israel Tel Aviv 381,488 388,847
10 Denmark Copenhagen 346,447 N/A
11 Belgium Brussels 334,140 329,181
12 Italy Milan–Malpensa 321,229 304,417
13 Spain Madrid 316,856 314,504
14 Finland Helsinki 311,596 320,440
15 Turkey Antalya 298,212 N/A
Rank Country 2011 2018[106]
1 United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,138,899 2,061,486
2 Italy Italy 872,933 1,342,428
3 Germany Germany 1,162,114 1,167,768
4 France France 1,017,899 1,127,151
5 Spain Spain 726,301 1,091,450

Other facilities[edit]

APC Building, the head office of Czech Airlines at Prague Airport

Czech Airlines has its head office, the APC Building,[107] on the grounds of Prague Airport.[108] On 30 December 2009 CSA announced that it will sell its head office to the airport for CZK 607 million.[109] Smartwings have their head office on the airport property.[110][111] In addition the Civil Aviation Authority also has its head office on the airport property.[112]

Ground transportation[edit]

Buses of DPP, the Prague Public Transit Co., stop at both terminals 1 and 2 frequently. A Czech Railways public bus service, AE – AirportExpress, connects Terminal 1 with Praha hlavní nádraží. From bus station in front of Terminal 1 there are also regular buses to Kladno, intercity buses of Regiojet run every 30–60 minutes to Karlovy Vary and Cheb.

There are plans to build a rail connection to the airport. Preliminary work commenced in 2018, with procurement proceedings launched the following year. Main construction is likely to start around 2023,[113][114][115] and completion is (as of summer 2022) expected to be 2029.[116]

According to a 2021 media report, the airport is to be served via a branch off the Prague-Kladno line, including an underground station to serve the airport. The project also includes double tracking and electrifying the existing single-track railway. The plan also includes upgrades to Prague-Masarykovo station[117]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit


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External links[edit]

Media related to Prague Ruzyně Airport at Wikimedia Commons