Rwanda–Tanzania relations is the bilateral relationship between Rwanda and Tanzania.
Both Rwanda and Tanzania have diplomatic missions in their respective countries.
On 26 May 2013, Kikwete said at a meeting of the African Union that if President Joseph Kabila of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) could negotiate with the March 23 Movement (M23), President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda and President Paul Kagame of Rwanda should be able to negotiate with the Allied Democratic Forces-National Army for the Liberation of Uganda and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), respectively. In response, Museveni expressed his willingness to negotiate.
An anonymous person on 31 May then posted on a blog hosted by the Tanzanian Ministry of Information, Youth, Culture and Sports,
Rwanda has a tendency of not taking kindly any form of criticism, from within or without. And its leadership comes across as snobbish and delusional. May be the Western countries' plaudits about its so-called success story have finally got to the heads of Rwandan leaders so much that they think they know it all.
Rwanda has issued a statement opposing the advice by President Kikwete that this was the right time to hold peace talks with the country's rebels, most of whom are in DRC forests and against whom the government has unsuccessfully fought for nearly 17 years. President Kikwete will not apologize because his statement was based on facts. ... We and Rwanda are friends. We have nothing to negotiate. But they should know that principally we ought to make peace with enemies and negotiate with our enemies and not friends. We say that President Kagame should admit that the time is now and this is not a new phenomenon because in all the areas where liberation movements are, talks have been made. What we are saying is that President Kagame and [the] Rwandan government should know that it is time for talks with [the] opposition.
A week later, Kagame said about Kikwete's statement,
I [initially] kept quiet about this because of the contempt I have for it. I thought it was utter nonsense. Maybe it was due to ignorance but if this is an ideological problem for anyone to be thinking this way, then it better stay with those who have it.
Kikwete's encouragement of negotiations between Rwanda and the FDLR has been interpreted as showing support for perpetrators of genocide. The organization known as the "19th Commemoration of the Genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda in the U.S.A." wrote an open letter on 27 May 2013 to President Barack Obama requesting that Kikwete withdraw his comments and apologize.
- "Africa fights to free itself of malcontents", IOL News, reported by Peter Fabricius, 27 May 2013
- "Unease in Kigali over Kikwete's call for talks with FLDR", The East African, reported by Gaaki Kigambo, 8 June 2013
- "Tanzania: President Kikwete Says No to Kigali Demand for Apology", Daily News, reprinted at allAfrica.com, reported by Abdulwakil Saiboko, 2 June 2013
- "Kagame speaks out on Kikwete's call for negotiations with FDLR rebels", The East African, 10 June 2013
- Genocide Survivors Demand Apology from President Kikwete, Igihe, retrieved 2 June 2013