Ryan Murphy (swimmer)

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Ryan Murphy
Ryan Murphy poses after winning 200 back - vertical (42052325364).jpg
Personal information
Full nameRyan Fitzgerald Murphy[1]
Nickname(s)Murph, Murph Man
National teamUnited States
Born (1995-07-02) July 2, 1995 (age 26)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Height6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)
Weight201 lb (91 kg)
Sport
SportSwimming
StrokesBackstroke, freestyle
ClubBolles School Bulldogs,
Jacksonville, Florida
College teamUniversity of California, Berkeley
Medal record
Men's swimming
Representing the  United States
Event 1st 2nd 3rd
Olympic Games 4 1 1
World Championships (LC) 3 5 1
World Championships (SC) 4 3 1
Pan Pacific Championships 3 0 1
Pan American Games 0 0 1
Total 14 9 5
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place 2016 Rio de Janeiro 100 m backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2016 Rio de Janeiro 200 m backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2016 Rio de Janeiro 4×100 m medley
Gold medal – first place 2020 Tokyo 4×100 m medley
Silver medal – second place 2020 Tokyo 200 m backstroke
Bronze medal – third place 2020 Tokyo 100 m backstroke
World Championships (LC)
Gold medal – first place 2015 Kazan 4×100 m medley
Gold medal – first place 2017 Budapest 4×100 m medley
Gold medal – first place 2017 Budapest 4×100 m mixed medley
Silver medal – second place 2015 Kazan 4×100 m mixed medley
Silver medal – second place 2017 Budapest 200 m backstroke
Silver medal – second place 2019 Gwangju 200 m backstroke
Silver medal – second place 2019 Gwangju 4×100 m medley
Silver medal – second place 2019 Gwangju 4×100 m mixed medley
Bronze medal – third place 2017 Budapest 100 m backstroke
World Championships (SC)
Gold medal – first place 2012 Istanbul 4×100 m medley
Gold medal – first place 2018 Hangzhou 100 m backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2018 Hangzhou 4×100 m medley
Gold medal – first place 2018 Hangzhou 4×50 m mixed medley
Silver medal – second place 2018 Hangzhou 50 m backstroke
Silver medal – second place 2018 Hangzhou 200 m backstroke
Silver medal – second place 2018 Hangzhou 4×50 m medley
Bronze medal – third place 2012 Istanbul 200 m backstroke
Pan Pacific Championships
Gold medal – first place 2018 Tokyo 100 m backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2018 Tokyo 200 m backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2018 Tokyo 4×100 m medley
Bronze medal – third place 2014 Gold Coast 100 m backstroke
Pan American Games
Bronze medal – third place 2011 Guadalajara 200 m backstroke
World Junior Championships
Bronze medal – third place 2011 Lima 200 m backstroke
Representing the California Golden Bears

California Golden Bears logo.svg

Event 1st 2nd 3rd
NCAA Championships 12 6 4
Total 12 6 4
By race
Event 1st 2nd 3rd
100 y backstroke 4 0 0
200 y backstroke 4 0 0
200 y medley 0 0 2
4×50 y freestyle 1 1 0
4×50 y medley 2 1 1
4×100 y freestyle 0 1 1
4×100 y medley 1 3 0
Total 12 6 4
NCAA Championships
NCAA logo.svg
Gold medal – first place 2014 Austin 100 y backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2014 Austin 200 y backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2014 Austin 4×50 y freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2014 Austin 4×50 y medley
Gold medal – first place 2014 Austin 4×100 y medley
Gold medal – first place 2015 Iowa City 100 y backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2015 Iowa City 200 y backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2015 Iowa City 4×50 y medley
Gold medal – first place 2016 Atlanta 100 y backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2016 Atlanta 200 y backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2017 Indianapolis 100 y backstroke
Gold medal – first place 2017 Indianapolis 200 y backstroke
Silver medal – second place 2014 Austin 4×100 y freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2015 Iowa City 4×50 y freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2015 Iowa City 4×100 y medley
Silver medal – second place 2016 Atlanta 4×50 y medley
Silver medal – second place 2016 Atlanta 4×100 y medley
Silver medal – second place 2017 Indianapolis 4×100 y medley
Bronze medal – third place 2015 Iowa City 4×100 y freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2016 Atlanta 200 y medley
Bronze medal – third place 2017 Indianapolis 200 y medley
Bronze medal – third place 2017 Indianapolis 4×50 y medley

Ryan Fitzgerald Murphy (born July 2, 1995) is an American competitive swimmer who specializes in backstroke. He is a 4-time Olympic gold medalist and the world-record holder in the men's 100-meter backstroke.

At the 2016 Summer Olympics, Murphy swept the backstroke races by winning gold medals in both the 100- and 200-meter backstroke.[2] Murphy also won a gold medal in the 4×100-meter medley relay with Michael Phelps, Nathan Adrian, and Cody Miller, and his backstroke relay leg broke Aaron Peirsol's former world record set in 2009.[3]

At the 2020 Summer Olympics, Murphy won a gold medal and set the world record in the 4x100-meter medley relay along with Michael Andrew, Caeleb Dressel, and Zach Apple in addition to winning the silver medal in the 200-meter backstroke and the bronze medal in the 100-meter backstroke.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Murphy began dreaming of competing at an Olympic Games when he was 7 years old.[5]

Murphy graduated from Bolles School in Jacksonville, Florida in 2013 and attended the University of California, Berkeley. Swimming for the California Golden Bears, he was an eight-time NCAA individual national champion, winning the 100-yard and 200-yard backstrokes in 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017.[6]

Swimming career[edit]

2011[edit]

At the age of 16, Murphy earned his first career international medals, both in the 200-meter backstroke. At the 2011 World Junior Swimming Championships in Lima, Murphy won a bronze medal in the 200-meter backstroke with a time of 1:59.63.[7] Later in 2011, at the 2011 Pan American Games, Murphy won another bronze also in the 200-meter backstroke. In the final, he recorded a time of 1:58.50.

2012[edit]

2012 World Short Course Championships
Gold medal – first place 4x100 m medley relay 3:21.03
Bronze medal – third place 200 m backstroke 1:48.86

At the 2012 United States Olympic Trials, the qualifying meet for the 2012 Olympics, Murphy missed the Olympic team by finishing sixth in the 100-meter backstroke (53.92) and fourth in the 200-meter backstroke (1:57.39).[8][9]

Following the Olympics, Murphy competed at the 2012 World Short Course Championships in Istanbul, where he won a gold and bronze medal. His bronze came in the 200-meter backstroke with a time of 1:48.86, finishing behind Radosław Kawęcki and Ryan Lochte. Murphy also earned a gold medal in the 4×100-meter medley relay for his participation in the heats, swimming the backstroke leg with a time of 50.91.

2013[edit]

At the 2013 US National Championships, Murphy just missed qualifying for the 2013 World Aquatics Championships by finishing third in the 100- and 200-meter backstroke, finishing with times of 53.38 and 1:56.37.

2014[edit]

Murphy won the 100 and 200 yard backstrokes at his first NCAA D1 Swimming Championships. His 100 backstroke time of 44.78 was US 17–18 National Age Group (NAG) record,[10] and his 200 backstroke time of 1:37.23 broke Tyler Clary's NCAA record in addition to the 17–18 NAG record.[11] He also placed 8th in the 200 IM and swam on Cal's 200 and 400 medley and freestyle relays on way to Cal winning the team championship.

2015[edit]

At the 2015 NCAA Championships, Murphy broke the American record previously held by Ryan Lochte in the 200-yard backstroke.[12] He also won the 100 yard backstroke, breaking Lochte's NCAA record, as well as once again sweeping both backstroke events, along with fifth in the 200 IM. He was named CSCAA Swimmer of the Meet.[13]

2016[edit]

NCAA Championships[edit]

At the 2016 NCAA D1 Swimming Championships, Murphy continued his backstroke streak by winning the 100 and 200 yard backstrokes in record time. His times of 43.49 and 1:35.73 broke his NCAA, American, and US Open records. He also placed third in the 200 yard individual medley in 1:40.27. He once again was named CSCAA Swimmer of the Meet, this time sharing the title with former Bolles teammates Joseph Schooling and Caeleb Dressel.[14]

US Summer Olympic Trials[edit]

At the 2016 United States Olympic Trials in Omaha, Nebraska, Murphy made his first Olympic team by placing first in the 100 and 200-meter backstroke events. He also made the 4 x 100 medley relay by virtue of his win in the 100 backstroke.[15][16]

2016 Rio Summer Olympics[edit]

2016 Summer Olympics
Gold medal – first place 100 m backstroke 51.97 (OR)
Gold medal – first place 200 m backstroke 1.53.62
Gold medal – first place 4×100 m medley 3:27.95 (OR)

At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Murphy won gold in the 100 and 200-meter backstroke, and in the 4x100-meter medley relay together with Cody Miller, Michael Phelps, and Nathan Adrian.[17] He broke Aaron Peirsol's world record for the 100-meter backstroke with his relay split time of 51.85 and the relay as a whole set a new Olympic record with their time of 3:27.95.[18][19] Murphy's win in the 100-meter backstroke, with a time of 51.97 seconds, set a new Olympic record for the event.[20][21] It also marked the sixth consecutive time a swimmer representing the United States had won the gold medal in the 100-meter backstroke at the Olympic Games.[20] His gold medal was also the first won by a male alumnus of a high school in Jacksonville, Florida for the United States in an individual swimming event.[21] In total for his first Olympic Games, Murphy raced in three events, won gold medals in all three events, achieved three Olympic records and one world record, and was named as one of the stars of the 2016 Summer Olympics by the International Olympic Committee.[3][17][19]

2017[edit]

NCAA Championships[edit]

At the 2017 NCAA championships, Murphy completed his 4 for 4 sweep of the 100 and 200 yard backstroke events, becoming only the fourth man in NCAA history to sweep 100 and 200 events of a stroke four years in a row after John Nabor (back), Pablo Morales (fly), and Brendan Hansen (breast).[22] He also placed 3rd in the 200 individual medley, leading after the breastroke but getting overtaken on freestyle.

World Championships[edit]

2017 World Championships
Gold medal – first place 400 m medley relay 3:29.66
Gold medal – first place 400 m mixed medley relay 3:40.28 (WR,CR)
Silver medal – second place 200 m backstroke 1:54.21
Bronze medal – third place 100 m backstroke 52.59

At the 2017 US National Championships, the qualifying meet for the 2017 World Aquatics Championships, Murphy won the 200 meter backstroke and placed second to Matt Grevers in the 100 meter backstroke to qualify for the World Championships later that year in Budapest.[23][24]

At the 2017 World Swimming Championships in Budapest, Murphy placed third in the 100 backstroke behind Xu Jiayu and Grevers and second in the 200 backstroke behind Evgeny Rylov and ahead of countryman and former college teammate Jacob Pebley. He also earned gold medals by swimming in the prelims on the US 400 medley and mixed medley relays. His mixed medley relay set a World and Championship record of 3:40.28 in prelims, though his record was later broken by in the US in finals.

2018[edit]

2018 Pan Pacific Championships[edit]

2018 Pan Pacific Championships
Gold medal – first place 100 m backstroke 51.94 (CR)
Gold medal – first place 200 m backstroke 1:53.57 (CR)
Gold medal – first place 4x100 m medley relay 3:30.20

During the 2018 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships in August 2018 in Tokyo, Japan, Murphy won three gold medals: one in the 100-meter backstroke, one in the 200-meter backstroke, and one in the 4x100-meter medley relay.[1] Murphy's strong finish to the Championships, winning two gold medals on the final day of competition, was noted by Jacksonville newspaper The Florida Times-Union.[25] His gold medal performance in the 200-meter backstroke with a time of 1:53.57 established a new Championships record and was over 1.5 seconds faster than the silver medalist in the event, Ryosuke Irie of Japan.[1][25] Murphy opened up to Reuters after his success at the Championships, expressing he hoped that swimming in a pool close to where swimming competitions for the 2020 Summer Olympics would be held would help quell his superstitions concerning his performance at the upcoming Olympic Games.[26]

USA Swimming took notice of Murphy's swims at the 2018 Pan Pacific Championships and nominated him for the "Relay Performance of the Year", "Male Race of the Year", and "Male Athlete of the Year" Golden Goggle Awards.[27][28] In total, he won all three awards for which he received nominations.[29]

2018[edit]

Murphy competed at the 2018 FINA World Swimming Championships in Hangzhou, China in December 2018. He won medals in three individual events: gold in the 100-meter backstroke, silver in the 50-meter backstroke, and silver in the 200-meter backstroke. He also medaled in three relay events: gold in the men's 4x100-meter medley relay, gold in the mixed 4x50-meter medley relay, and silver in the men's 4x50-meter medley relay.[30]

2019[edit]

2019 World Aquatics Championships[edit]

2019 World Championships
Silver medal – second place 200 m backstroke 1:54.12
Silver medal – second place 4x100 m medley relay 3:28.45
Silver medal – second place 4x100 m mixed medley relay 3:39.10

In July 2019 at the 2019 World Aquatics Championships in Gwangju, South Korea, Murphy won three medals for the USA. Swimming with Lilly King, Caeleb Dressel, and Simone Manuel in the final of the mixed 4x100-meter medley relay, he won a silver medal. The relay finished two hundredths of a second behind the mixed relay from Australia. Murphy also won the silver medal in the 200-meter backstroke and the men's 4x100-meter medley relay.[31]

2021[edit]

2020 US Olympic Trials[edit]

In June 2021, Murphy qualified for the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo, in the 100-meter backstroke at the 2020 USA Swimming Olympic Trials.[32][33] He won the event at the US Olympic Trials, swimming a 52.33 at the final on Tuesday June 15, 2021.[34] He was the only veteran to qualify in the event for the 2020 Olympics, with the other qualifier in the event, Hunter Armstrong, being a first time member of the US Olympic Team.[35] In the morning prelims of the 200-meter backstroke on day five of competition, Murphy ranked 5th with a time of 1:57.95 and advanced to the semifinals.[36][37] In the evening semifinals, Murphy swam a 1:55.60 placing 1st overall and advancing to the final.[38] Murphy swam a 1:54.20 in the final on day six, placing first and qualifying for the 2020 Summer Olympics in the 200 meter backstroke.[39][40]

2020 Summer Olympics[edit]

2020 Summer Olympics
Gold medal – first place 4x100 m medley relay 3:26.78 (WR)
Silver medal – second place 200 m backstroke 1:54.15
Bronze medal – third place 100 m backstroke 52.19

Murphy was selected as one of four captains for the USA Olympic swim team at the 2020 Summer Olympics along with Caeleb Dressel, Simone Manuel, and Allison Schmitt.[41] All four swimmers were veteran Olympians chosen to provide guidance for their fellow members of the US Olympic Swim Team, with Murphy highlighted for his well-reasoned vocalizations and calm demeanor, which provided team stability in a competitive context.[42][43]

On day two of competition, the first day Murphy competed, in the prelims of the 100-meter backstroke Murphy swam a 53.22 and tied in overall ranking for seventh with Russian Evgeny Rylov.[44][45] In the semifinals the following day, Murphy swam the fastest in both semifinals heats with a time of 52.24 and advanced to the final.[46] In the final Murphy raced against a field of majority veteran Olympians, with five of the eight competitors, including himself, having competed in the final of the 100-meter backstroke at the 2016 Olympic Games.[47] His time of 52.19 seconds in the final won him the bronze medal.[47][48][49] Speaking to national newspaper USA Today about winning the bronze medal after winning the gold medal in 2016, Murphy said, "Winning an Olympic gold means you're the best in the world. Being third in the world is no slouch."[47]

On the fifth day, Murphy advanced to the semifinals in the 200-meter backstroke with his swim of 1:56.92 that ranked him seventh overall in the prelims heats.[50] In the semifinals, Murphy swam over a second faster than in the prelims with a time of 1:55.38 and qualified for the final ranked third.[51] Murphy won his second medal of the 2020 Olympics, a silver medal, in the final of the 200-meter backstroke with a time of 1:54.15 on day seven of competition.[52][53][54]

In the final of the 4x100-meter mixed medley relay on day eight, Murphy swam the backstroke leg of the relay, Lydia Jacoby the breaststroke, Torri Huske the butterfly, and Caeleb Dressel the freestyle leg of the relay, together they placed fifth.[55][56] It was the first time the event was included in the Olympic program for swimming, and Murphy held off the field in his leg of the relay, tying Thomas Ceccon of Italy for first at the wall as the breaststroke swimmers dove in for their leg of the relay.[4][57] The relay fell to eighth place by the end of the butterfly leg of the relay, then on the freestyle leg made up some time to place fifth overall in the inaugural Olympic event.[57][56] One of the swimmers on his relay, Jacoby, had her goggles fall off for her leg of the relay, to which Murphy provided moral support saying, "Anyone that's swam with their goggles in their mouth like she did, she did fantastic."[56]

On the final day, Murphy swam backstroke in the final of the 4x100-meter medley relay with teammates Michael Andrew (breaststroke), Caeleb Dressel (butterfly), and Zach Apple (freestyle) and the relay won the gold medal in a world record time of 3:26.78, setting a new Olympic record in the process.[58][59][60] Come the end of the 2020 Olympics, Murphy had won a total of six Olympic medals, four in individual events and two in relay events, between his first (2016) and second (2020) Olympic Games.[4][17] His contribution to setting a world record and winning a gold medal in the final of the 4x100-meter medley relay earned him a nomination from the USA Swimming Foundation for the Golden Goggle Award for "Relay Performance of the Year" along with his finals relay teammates.[61][62] Additionally, Murphy's dauntless valor supporting his teammates and the integrity of swimming as a sport, as well as his consistent performances, medaling in three of his four events after winning gold medals in three of his three individual and relay events at his first Olympic Games in 2016, earned him a nomination for the "Male Athlete of the Year" Golden Goggle Award, though his multiple-gold-medal-winning and world-record-setting performances at the 2016 Summer Olympics were not enough for him to win a single Golden Goggle Award that year.[61]

His swims in 2021 through the end of August secured his place on the 2021—2022 US National Team in the 100-meter backstroke and 200-meter backstroke events.[63][64]

International Swimming League[edit]

For the 2021 season of the International Swimming League, Murphy was retained by the LA Current.[65] He took a break from competition during the regular season of competition and remained on the roster heading into playoffs season.[66] For his first race after the 2020 Olympic Games, Murphy swam a 1:48.43 in the 200-meter backstroke in the playoffs match number two, which was the fastest time in the 2021 year up to that point in time.[67][68] For the second match of the playoffs, match thirteen overall, Murphy won enough points from his races to earn the most valuable player (MVP) of the match honor.[69][70] In his second match of the playoffs season, match fifteen overall, Murphy ranked second overall in terms of MVP points, just 4.0 points behind Duncan Scott of London Roar who won the match most valuable player honor.[71] Starting off his third and final playoffs match of the season, Murphy won 19.0 points for his team in one race, winning the 200-meter backstroke in a personal season best time of 1:48.10.[72][73] Later the same day, in the 50 meter backstroke, Murphy won the event and set a new Americas record, American record, and ISL record with a time of 22.53 seconds.[73][74] Murphy's swim broke his previous Americas, American, and ISL records in the event he set in the 2020 season of the International Swimming League at 22.54 seconds.[75] The second and final day of the match, Murphy won the 50 meter backstroke skins event, outscoring all his competitors and winning in the final head-to-head race against Evgeny Rylov of Energy Standard with a time of 24.22 seconds.[76][77] Murphy setting new the new records earned him the number two spot for "The Week That Was" from Swimming World for the week of November 29.[78] For the most valuable player points he had earned by the end of the 2021 season since the beginning of the International Swimming League, Murphy ranked eighth with 610 points across thirteen matches.[79]

Personal best times[edit]

As of November 25, 2021

Long Course
Event Time Meet Date Note(s)
50 m freestyle 23.77 TYR Pro Swim Series - Des Moines March 5, 2020
100 m freestyle 48.88 2017 US National Championships June 27, 2017
200 m freestyle 1:49.57 2018 California Speedo Grand Challenge May 25, 2018
50 m backstroke 24.24 2018 US National Championships July 27, 2018 AM, NR
100 m backstroke 51.85 2016 Summer Olympics August 13, 2016 WR, AM, NR
200 m backstroke 1:53.57 2018 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships August 11, 2018
100 m butterfly 52.08 2021 Atlanta Classic May 14, 2021
Legend: WRWorld record; AMAmericas record; NRAmerican record;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial
Short Course Meters
Event Time Meet Date Note(s)
50 m backstroke 22.53 2021 International Swimming League November 25, 2021 AM, NR
100 m backstroke 49.23 2018 World Short Course Championships December 12, 2018
200 m backstroke 1:47.34 2018 World Short Course Championships December 16, 2018
50 m butterfly 22.65 2020 International Swimming League November 22, 2020
Legend: AMAmericas record; NRAmerican record;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial
Short Course Yards
Event Time Meet Date Note(s)
100 y backstroke 43.49 2016 NCAA Championships March 25, 2016 NCAA, American, US Open records
200 y backstroke 1:35.73 2016 NCAA Championships March 26, 2016 NCAA, American, US Open records

World records[edit]

Long course meters (50 m pool)
Event Time Meet Date Location Age Status Ref
100 m backstroke 51.85 r 2016 Summer Olympics August 13, 2016 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 21 Current [3]
4x100 m medley relay[a] (backstroke) 3:26.78 (52.31) 2020 Summer Olympics August 1, 2021 Tokyo, Japan 26 Current [4]

Legend: r – relay lead-off leg

a with Michael Andrew (breaststroke), Caeleb Dressel (butterfly), Zach Apple (freestyle)

Olympic records[edit]

Event Time Olympic Games Date Location Age Status Notes Ref
100 m backstroke 51.97 2016 Summer Olympics August 8, 2016 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 21 Former [20]
100 m backstroke (2) 51.85 r 2016 Summer Olympics August 13, 2016 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 21 Current also a WR [3]
4x100 m medley relay[a] 3:27.95 2016 Summer Olympics August 13, 2016 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 21 Former [3]
4x100 m medley relay[b] (2) 3:26.78 2020 Summer Olympics August 1, 2021 Tokyo, Japan 26 Current also a WR [4]

Legend: WRWorld record; r – relay lead-off leg

a split 51.85 in backstroke; with Cody Miller (breaststroke), Michael Phelps (butterfly), Nathan Adrian (freestyle)
b split 52.31 in backstroke; with Michael Andrew (breaststroke), Caeleb Dressel (butterfly), Zach Apple (freestyle)

Awards and honors[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

In an interview with Melvin Stewart of SwimSwam Murphy shared he is approximately 95% Irish by ancestry, his mother is of full Irish descent and his father is approximately 90% Irish by ancestry.[90]

Controversy[edit]

On July 30, Murphy questioned whether the 200-meter backstroke event was "100% clean" after the International Testing Agency had collected over 3,000 clean samples from over 2,000 athletes at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics.[91][92][93] When talking to Reuters later, Murphy said, "I need to be clear, I've never made... , my intention is not to make any allegations here. Like, congratulations to Luke and Evgeny. They did an incredible job, they're both very talented swimmers. At the end of the day ... I do believe it (doping) is still big in swimming and it is what it is."[91]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Pan Pacific Swimming Championships 2018: Total Ranking". Seiko. August 9–12, 2018. Retrieved May 15, 2021.
  2. ^ Ryan Murphy: Tonight felt like my night (Video). Swimswam.com (June 28, 2016). Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Men's 4 x 100m Medley Relay Results" (PDF). Rio 2016 official website. 13 August 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e Omega Timing; Atos (August 1, 2021). "Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games: Swimming Results Book". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved August 4, 2021.
  5. ^ "Meet the star rookies of the 2016 USA Olympic Swim Team". CBS News. August 5, 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
  6. ^ NCAA Division I Men's Championships: Ryan Murphy Cracks Ryan Lochte American Record in 200 Back – Swimming World News. Swimmingworldmagazine.com. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  7. ^ "2011 FINA World Junior Swimming Championships – 200 m backstroke results (final)". Omega Timing. Archived from the original on June 8, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  8. ^ "2012 U.S. Olympic Team Trials (swimming) – Men's 100 metre backstroke (final)". Omega Timing. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  9. ^ "2012 U.S. Olympic Team Trials (swimming) – Men's 200 metre backstroke (final)". Omega Timing. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  10. ^ Ryan Murphy Lowers Yesterday’S 100 Backstroke NAG Record on Day 2 of NCAA’s. Swimswam.com (March 28, 2014). Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  11. ^ Ryan Murphy Re-breaks His 200 Backstroke NAG Record at the NCAA Championships. Swimswam.com (March 29, 2014). Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  12. ^ Ryan Murphy Breaks Ryan Lochte's 200 Back American Record To Repeat As NCAA Champion. Swimswam.com (March 28, 2015). Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  13. ^ Video: 2015 CSCAA Men's Awards Swimswam.com (March 29, 2015). Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  14. ^ Murphy, Schooling, Dressel tie for CSCAA'S 2016 Swimmer of Year Award. Swimswam.com (March 26th, 2016). Retrieved on March 26, 2018.
  15. ^ "2016 U.S. Olympic Team Trials (swimming) – Men's 100 metre backstroke (final)". Omega Timing. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  16. ^ "2016 U.S. Olympic Team Trials (swimming) – Men's 200 metre backstroke (final)". Omega Timing. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  17. ^ a b c "Everything you need to know about Olympic gold-medal swimmer Ryan Murphy". NBC Sports. February 25, 2020. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  18. ^ "Rio Olympics 2016: Michael Phelps bows out of Games with gold in men's relay". BBC Sport. August 14, 2016.
  19. ^ a b "The stars of Rio 2016". International Olympic Committee. August 29, 2016. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  20. ^ a b c "Ryan Murphy extends U.S. gold streak in 100 backstroke to 6". ESPN. August 8, 2016. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  21. ^ a b Freeman, Clayton (August 8, 2016). "Bolles School grad Ryan Murphy wins gold in 100 back". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  22. ^ Ryan Murphy: "This was the Best Four Years of My Life" (Video) Swimswam.com (March 25, 2017). Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  23. ^ "2017 Phillips 66 National Championships (swimming) – Men's 100 metre backstroke (final)". Omega Timing. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  24. ^ "2017 Phillips 66 National Championships (swimming) – Men's 200 metre backstroke (final)". Omega Timing. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  25. ^ a b Freeman, Clayton (August 12, 2018). "Murphy, Dressel finish Pan-Pacific swimming with gold". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
  26. ^ Tarrant, Jack (August 12, 2018). "Swimming-Superstitious Murphy hoping for good Tokyo omens". Reuters. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
  27. ^ "2018 Golden Goggle Award Nominees". USA Swimming. September 26, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2021.
  28. ^ Ross, Andy (September 26, 2018). "USA Swimming Announces 2018 Golden Goggles Nominees". Swimming World. Retrieved October 2, 2021.
  29. ^ a b c d "Katie Ledecky and Ryan Murphy win Golden Goggles awards". Olympics.com. November 20, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2021.
  30. ^ "14th FINA World Swimming Championships December 11 - 16, 2018: Results Book". Omega Timing. December 16, 2018. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
  31. ^ "18th FINA World Championships 12 - 28 July 2019: Results Book". Omega Timing. July 28, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
  32. ^ Faraudo, Jeff (June 15, 2021). "Cal Swim: Ryan Murphy, Andrew Seliskar Secure Bids to the Tokyo Olympic Games". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
  33. ^ Shinn, Peggy (June 16, 2021). "Back on Track: Ryan Murphy and Regan Smith Qualify For Tokyo In the 100 Backstroke". TeamUSA.org. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
  34. ^ "2020 U.S. Olympic Team Trials - Wave II: Men's 100m Backstroke Final Results Summary". Omega Timing. June 15, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  35. ^ DeGeorge, Matthew (June 15, 2021). "U.S. Olympic Trials: Veteran Ryan Murphy, Newcomer Hunter Armstrong Punch 100 Back Tickets". Swimming World. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  36. ^ "2020 U.S. Olympic Team Trials - Wave II: Men's 200m Backstroke Heats Results Summary". Omega Timing. June 17, 2021. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
  37. ^ Anderson, Jared (June 17, 2021). "2021 U.S. Olympic Trials Wave II: Day 5 Prelims Live Recap". SwimSwam. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
  38. ^ "2020 U.S. Olympic Team Trials - Wave II: Men's 200m Backstroke Semifinals Results Summary". Omega Timing. June 17, 2021. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
  39. ^ "2020 U.S. Olympic Team Trials - Wave II: Men's 200m Backstroke Final Results Summary". Omega Timing. June 18, 2021. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
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External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by Men's 100-meter backstroke
world record-holder (long course)

August 13, 2016 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by Men's 4×100-meter medley relay world record-holder (long course)
August 1, 2021 – present
With: Michael Andrew, Caeleb Dressel, Zach Apple
Succeeded by
Incumbents