Rychnov nad Kněžnou
Rychnov nad Kněžnou
|District||Rychnov nad Kněžnou|
|• Mayor||Jan Skořepa (ODS)|
|• Total||34.99 km2 (13.51 sq mi)|
|Elevation||320 m (1,050 ft)|
|• Density||310/km2 (810/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Rychnov nad Kněžnou (Czech pronunciation: [ˈrɪxnof ˈnat kɲɛʒnou]; German: Reichenau an der Knieschna) is a town in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 11,000 inhabitants. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.
Villages of Dlouhá Ves, Jámy, Lipovka, Litohrady, Lokot, Panská Habrová and Roveň are administrative parts of Rychnov nad Kněžnou.
Rychnov nad Kněžnou is located about 32 km (20 mi) to the west from Hradec Králové. It lies on the Kněžna River. Streams Liberský and Javornický joins Kněžna in the municipal territory.
Near the town there is the Les Včelný nature park, which includes the highest point of the municipal territory with an altitude of 417 metres (1,368 ft).
The first written mention of Rychnov nad Kněžnou is from 1 February 1258 on a deed of Ottokar II of Bohemia, where Heřman of Rychnov was mentioned. In 1561, Rychnov was promoted to a royal town by Ferdinand I. The town hall in Rychnov is first documented in 1596.
|Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic|
Rychnov nad Kněžnou is known for the Baroque Kolowrat's castle. It contains rich collection of arts and books, and it includes the Museum and Gallery of Orlické Moutanins and a castle park. The church next to the castle is Church of the Holy Trinity, which is known for the third largest bell in the country. The church is used for religious and cultural purposes.
The historic town centre is formed by Staré Square. It comprises preserved burgher houses and Neoclassical former town hall from 1802–1804, which serves today as a tourist information centre. Near the square there is the Church of Saint Gall. It was built in the late 13th century and repaired in pseudo-Gothic style in 1893. The bell tower was built in 1870–1871 in pseudo-Romanesque style.
- Jan Antonín Vocásek (1706–1757), painter
- Karel Poláček (1892–1945), writer and humourist
- Jaroslav Weigel (1931–2019), painter, actor and writer
- Remigius Machura (born 1960), shot putter
- Petr Stančík (born 1968), writer and poet
- Dan Vávra (born 1975), video game writer, director and designer
Twin towns – sister cities
- Kłodzko, Poland
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
- "Historie města Rychnova nad Kněžnou" (in Czech). Město Rychnov nad Kněžnou. Retrieved 2021-09-18.
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
- "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Rychnov nad Kněžnou" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 13–14.
- "Informace o městě" (in Czech). Město Rychnov nad Kněžnou. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
- "Kostel sv. Havla (Panny Marie)" (in Czech). Hrady.cz. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
- "Miasta partnerskie" (in Polish). Kłodzko. Retrieved 2020-08-29.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rychnov nad Kněžnou.|
- Official website (in Czech)