Rydal Hall is a Grade II* listed house on the outskirts of the village of Rydal, Cumbria, in the Lake District, England. It has an early nineteenth-century front facade, but includes some earlier fabric.
The gardens are open to the public. They are included in the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest. In the mid-17th century, Sir Daniel Fleming (1633–1701) developed the landscape as an early Picturesque garden incorporating Rydal Beck and its natural waterfalls. 'The Grot' (a summerhouse designed for viewing a waterfall) became a major attraction for a succession of visiting artists and writers in the 18th and 19th century.
The formal gardens in front of the house were designed in 1909 by the garden designer and landscape architect Thomas Hayton Mawson (1861–1933). Mawson's terraces, which are in Italian style, are listed structures. These formal gardens were restored in 2005-7 by Tom Attwood. A community vegetable garden was created at the same time.
The gardens and Wordsworth
"The Grot" at Rydal Falls is described in William Wordsworth’s early poem, ‘An Evening Walk’, published in 1793. The poet moved to Rydal Mount, near Rydal Hall, in 1813 and it remained his home to his death in 1850. Towards the end of the poet's life his nephew Christopher Wordsworth went with him to "The Grot". The following is a description of their walk together from Rydal Mount.
“He accompanied me to the gate and then said if I had a few minutes longer to spare he would like to show me the waterfall which was close by – the lower fall of Rydal. I gladly assented and he led the way across the grounds of Lady Fleming (Rydal Hall) which were opposite to his own to a small summer-house. The moment we opened the door the waterfall was before us. The summer house being so placed as to occupy the exact spot from which it was to be seen. The rocks and shrubbery around closing it in on every side. The effect was magical. The view from the rustic house, the rocky basin into which the water fell and the deep shade in which the whole was enveloped, made it a lovely scene. Wordsworth seemed to have much pleasure in exhibiting this beautiful retreat."
Rydal Hall participates annually in "Wordsworth's Daffodil Legacy", an initiative of the National Gardens Scheme, as does the National Trust property Dora's Field. This is a special opening to raise monies for charity: normally visitors are invited to make a donation to the upkeep of the gardens.
- Grade II* listed buildings in South Lakeland
- Listed buildings in Lakes, Cumbria
- Sir George Fleming, 2nd Baronet
- Good Stuff. "Comments about Rydal Hall - Lakes - Cumbria - England - British Listed Buildings". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- Elizabeth Oldham. "WalkLakes • Lake District Walk: Grasmere and Rydal Water". walklakes.co.uk. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- Rydal Hall
- Rydal Hall Gardens
- Historic England. "Terraces to the South of Rydal Hall (1245407)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- "Recreating Mawson’s historic Rydal Hall garden". Cumberland and Westmorland Herald. 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Mawson Gardens Rydal Hall, Heritage and History.
- Wordsworth, Christopher 1851 “Memoirs of William Wordsworth, Poet-laureate, D. C. L”, p. 495. Online reference https://books.google.com/books?id=-ussAAAAYAAJ&q=fleming#v=snippet&q=fleming&f=false
- "From Cartmel to Carlisle. Wordsworth's Daffodil Legacy". National Gardens Scheme. Retrieved 18 March 2013.