Ryes

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Ryes
Commune
Saint Martin
Saint Martin
Coat of arms of Ryes
Coat of arms
Ryes is located in France
Ryes
Ryes
Location within Normandy region
Ryes is located in Normandy
Ryes
Ryes
Coordinates: 49°18′45″N 0°37′21″W / 49.3125°N 0.6225°W / 49.3125; -0.6225Coordinates: 49°18′45″N 0°37′21″W / 49.3125°N 0.6225°W / 49.3125; -0.6225
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Bayeux
Canton Bayeux
Intercommunality Bayeux Intercom
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Françoise Marie
Area1 9.59 km2 (3.70 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 485
 • Density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 14552 /14400
Elevation 15–59 m (49–194 ft)
(avg. 20 m or 66 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ryes is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1962359—    
1968377+5.0%
1975338−10.3%
1982317−6.2%
1990421+32.8%
1999450+6.9%
2008485+7.8%

Administration[edit]

Ryes was the seat of the former canton of Ryes, which included 25 communes. Since 2015, it is part of the canton of Bayeux.

Toponymy[edit]

In 1060, Ryes was mentioned under the name Rigia.

The ancient forms of its name are apparently related to the French word "raie" (Old French "roie"), deriving from the Gallo-Roman "rica", from the Gallic word "Rica" meaning a "furrow": cf. Middle Gallic "Rych", meaning a "groove", and Old Breton "rec" (modern Breton "rec'h"), meaning a "tear". The word occurred throughout the Gallo-Roman region and is attested in Low Latin in the forms "riga", "rega" and "rige" (FEW volume 10, pp. 393-394).

History[edit]

Lord Hubert of Ryes welcomed Duke William during his struggle with his rebellious barons. He then saved William by sending him to Falaise escorted by his three sons while Hubert sent the rebellious barons in another direction.

On 1 July 1899, a 60 cm gauge shortline railroad between Courseulles and Bayeux was opened by Railways Calvados. The same day, a branch starting from Ryes to Arromanches also entered service. The main line and the branch were decommissioned from the network on 29 September 1932.

See also[edit]

References[edit]