|Native name||Ryesgade or Strøget|
|Length||240 m (790 ft)|
|Location||Town Center, Aarhus, Denmark|
Ryesgade is a 240-meter-long street in Aarhus, Denmark. It is located in the central Town Center neighborhood and runs south to north from Banegårdspladsen to Søndergade and provides access to Rosenkrantzgade. Ryesgade is today one the busiest commercial pedestrianized streets in Denmark. It was created in 1873 as an extension to Søndergade to connect the Central Station to the rest of the inner city. Ryesgade is one of several streets in Denmark named for the Danish general Olaf Rye who became famous for his exploits during the First Schleswig War.
Ryesgade is part of the 750 meters long pedestrian zone Strøget which runs from Aarhus Central Station to Aarhus Cathedral, consisting of the streets Søndergade, St. Clemens Street and Ryesgade. Strøget has about 47,000 visitors each day and some 14 million visitors annually, placing it among the busiest commercial streets in Denmark.
In the 1850s Sændergade was being developed from the Aarhus River near the cathedral to Sønder Allé but the last stretch to the Central Station was only served by a small path going through a plant nursery. The city council was aware the area would eventually be incorporated in the city and in 1869 it sent a letter to the Danish Ministry of the Interior pointing out which areas south of the city were best suited for development. This included the plant nursery, which was owned but leased out by the city, and Amtsmandstoften to the east, owned by Aarhus County. In the early 1870s the city council established a committee to review parceling and development of the plant nursery and on 14 March 1872 it presented its findings to the city council. It was decided to establish a wide street from the open square Banegårdspladsen in front of the central station to Søndergade.
Through the later 1870s the street was developed, adjoining parcels sold off and new buildings erected. The final cost to the city was 13.600 rigsdaler and the development proved a profitable to the city as more than 50.000 sq alen were parceled off for 1 rigsdaler per alen while the city had only collected 160 rigsdaler in taxes from the former plant nursery. The first years traffic to Store Torv still went through Fredensgade and Skolegade but when St. Clemens Bridge opened in 1884 Ryesgade and Søndergade became the main thoroughfare connecting the central station and the newly developing neighborhood Frederiksbjerg south of it to the old city center north of the river. In 1904 the first electrical tram system was put in.
Ryesgade lies on the southern slope of a tunnel valley that runs through the central part of the city. The first years this meant the street was steep and difficult for horse draw carriages to navigate. In the 1920s it was decided to level the area in front of the central railway station which was to be raised the equivalent of one floor from its previous height. During the lengthy construction period access to Ryesgade was restricted by a large height differential and traffic started moving along the newly developed Park Allé instead. In 1929 construction was completed and buildings along the upper third of Ryesgade had been demolished and rebuilt in order to make the street level with Banegårdspladsen. In the following decades Aarhus kept expanding, especially to the south, and Ryesgade developed into a central and busy commercial street.
In the 1970s pedestrianized streets began appearing across Europe and in Copenhagen it was decided to turn Strøget into a pedestrian zone. In Aarhus it was decided to turn Søndergade into a pedestrian street but in Ryesgade store owners objected, fearing loss of revenue with the absence of cars. On 7 November 1971 the last trams drove through the street and over the following years Søndergade was renovated and had new paving stones put in. Turning Søndergade into a pedestrian street proved a success, attracting more shoppers and visitors. In response, on 1 Maj 1974 Ryesgade was turned into a "half-pedestrian street", allowing only for one way traffic. This setup lasted for almost 30 years until the late 1990s.
At the turn of the millennium, the local shopkeepers association of Ryesgadeforeningen, contacted the city council and requested Ryesgade also be turned into a pedestrian street. The paving was at the time worn out and it was decided to renovate the entire length of Strøget from the Central Station to the cathedral. In 2001-02 Søndergade and Skt. Clemens Square were renovated and Ryesgade was closed off to car traffic, thus creating a 750 meters long pedestrian street known as Strøget. Today, Strøget has about 47,000 visitors on a daily basis and some 14 million visitors annually, placing it among the busiest commercial streets in Denmark. In 2016, the square of Sankt Knuds Torv was refurnished and the food court of Aarhus Central Food Market opened.
The Catholic Church of Our Lady is the most prominent building in the street. Designed in Gothic Revival architecture by the German architect Frantz Schmitz who had worked on the recently completed Cologne Cathedral. Associated with the church is a Catholic school. In 1938, Aarhus Hallen (The Aarhus Hall) was built in Ryesgade and for a number of years it was a central fixture in the social and cultural life of the city, hosting events from concerts to sporting events.
- "Ryesagade" (in Danish). Aarhus City Archives. Archived from the original on 18 December 2016. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
- "Strøget" (in Danish). Aarhus Strøg Association. Archived from the original on 18 December 2016. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
- Emanuel 1960, p. 125, line 6: "Søndergade havde man så småt begyndt at anlægge i 1B5oerne, men fuldt udbygget var den ikkc, og fra banegården til Sændergadc gik kun en halvprivat gangsti gennem anlægsgartner ... F.J. Chr.Jensens have ..."
- Emanuel 1960, p. 125, line 15: "I Arhus byråd var man imidlertid klar over, at der før eller senerc måtte komme en bebyggelsc ... Terrænet mellem Søndergade og banen ejedes af kommunen; ..., og allerede 1869 havde byrådet i en skrivelse til Indenrigsministerict ..."
- Emanuel 1960, p. 126, line 1: "I begvndelsen af 1B7oerne nedsatte byrådet et udvalg, der skullc overveje gadeanlæ, bebvggclsc og sale af bvggegrunde"
- Emanuel 1960, p. 127, line 27: "Hele Ryesgades planerins. afgravning, brolagning, nedlægning af gas- og vandrør samt dræningen mod kirkegården kalkuleredes til i alt 13.6oo rigsdaler..."
- Emanuel 1960, p. 128, line 1: "...der var ca. 5o.ooo kvadratalen byggegrunde at sælge, og der på nabogrundene udbetaltes ca. 1 rldr. pr. kvadratalen."
- Emanuel 1960, p. 129, line 1: "Men da Sct.Clemens Bro åbnedes i IBB4, blev Ryesgadc og Sondersade med et slag >strøg< og optog ikkc blot pcrsontrafikken fra banegården, men også hele færdslen til og fra den hurtigt voksende bydel Frederiksbjerg syd for banen."
- Emanuel 1960, p. 129, line 2: "da den clcktriskc sporvcj gcniiemlortes i rgo4,"
- Emanuel 1960, p. 127, line 7: "Hele banegårdspladsen opfyldtes, og Ryesgade så sig pludselig afskåret fra trafikken til og fra banegården som nu gik ad den nyanlagte Park Alle."
- Emanuel 1960, p. 129, line 14: "De nederste huse på begge sider af gaden, helt op ti1 den katolske kirke, var revet ned og erstattet med store, anselige bygninger"
- Aarhus Central Food Market
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ryesgade.|
- Ryesgadeforneingen (Ryesgade Association)