Ryrkaypiy

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Ryrkaypiy (English)
Рыркайпий (Russian)
Ир-Каппея (Chukchi)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
Selo[1]
Рыркайпий.jpg
Nighttime panorama of Ryrkaypiy
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Ryrkaypiy is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Ryrkaypiy
Ryrkaypiy
Location of Ryrkaypiy in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 68°52′6″N 179°22′24″W / 68.86833°N 179.37333°W / 68.86833; -179.37333Coordinates: 68°52′6″N 179°22′24″W / 68.86833°N 179.37333°W / 68.86833; -179.37333
Administrative status (as of June 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Chukotka Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administrative district Iultinsky District[2]
Municipal status (as of June 2009)
Municipal district Iultinsky Municipal District[3]
Rural settlement Ryrkaypiy Rural Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Ryrkaypiy Rural Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 766 inhabitants[4]
Population (January 2016 est.) 578 inhabitants[5]
Time zone PETT (UTC+12:00)[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 689360
Dialing code(s) +7 42739[8]

Ryrkaypiy (Russian: Рыркайпий; Chukchi: Ир-Каппея) is a rural locality (a selo) just to the west of Mys Shmidta in Iultinsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia. Municipally, Ryrkaypiy is incorporated as Ryrkaypiy Rural Settlement.[3] Population: 766 (2010 Census);[4] .

Demographics[edit]

The village is a small settlement, population as of 2010: 766, of whom 388 were men and 378 women,[4] up considerably from a 2003 estimate of 324,[9] most of whom are of Chukchi descent.

History and economy[edit]

The name of the village means "Place of the Walrus" in Chukchi,[10] or "Walrus Jam",[9] to convey the meaning that there are regularly large numbers of Walrus in the vicinity. Unsurprisingly, marine hunting has traditionally been a key source of food and employment for the local indigenous people.[9]

As with several of the rural settlements throughout Chukotka, Ryrkaipiy was the centre for a collectivised farm centred on reindeer. Indeed, it was the central farmstead for the largest of all the reindeer herding farms throughout Chukotka, named Pioneer. Unlike other rural settlements in Chukotka such as Alkatvaam in Beringovsky District and Tavaivaam in Anadyrsky District, following the collapse of the Soviet Union and payments to the farms from the government effectively ceased as Russia moved to a market economy, the workers on this farm were able to keep their reindeer herds going and these herds are still the major source of employment for the local people, despite living on the coast.[9]

As with many Chukotkan villages, there are strong efforts made to keep the traditions of the indigenous peoples alive and although Ryrkaipiy has modern facilities in the shape of a hospital, post office, high school and daycare centre there is also a traditional Chukchi ensemble and cultural centre and Northern Star Native Women's Club.[9]

Transport[edit]

Ryrkaypiy is conntected to the outside world only via Mys Shmidta. From there, there is a road linking Mys Shmidta with Egvekinot.[11] There is also a 435 kilometres (270 mi) unpaved road between Mys Shmidta and Komsomolsky, of which 235 kilometres (146 mi) is unpaved road and the remaining 199 kilometres (124 mi) is a snow road.[11] Within the village, there is also a small network of roads including:[12]

  • улица Мира (Ulitsa Mira, lit. World Street)
  • улица Пламенная (Ulitsa Plamennaya)
  • улица Полярная (Ulitsa Polyarnaya, lit. Polar Street)
  • улица Солнечная (Ulitsa Solnechnaya, lit. Solar Street)
  • улица Строительная (Ulitsa Stroitelnaya, lit Construction Street)
  • улица Тевлянто (Ulitsa Tevlyanto, lit Tevlyanto Street)
  • улица Транспортная (Ulitsa Transportnaya, lit. Transport Street)
  • улица Челюскинцев (Ulitsa Chelyuskintsev, lit Chelyuskin Street)
  • улица Шмидта (Ulitsa Shmidta, lit Shmidt Street)

Climate[edit]

Ryrkaypiy has a Tundra climate (ET)[13] because the warmest month has an average temperature between 0 °C (32 °F) and 10 °C (50 °F).

Climate data for Ryrkaipiy
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
0.6
(33.1)
8.9
(48)
6.5
(43.7)
13.1
(55.6)
24
(75)
28.8
(83.8)
22.5
(72.5)
20.1
(68.2)
9
(48)
4.7
(40.5)
6.7
(44.1)
28.8
(83.8)
Average high °C (°F) −23.1
(−9.6)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−12.5
(9.5)
−1.6
(29.1)
6.3
(43.3)
9
(48)
7
(45)
3.4
(38.1)
−4.2
(24.4)
−11.6
(11.1)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−7.3
(18.9)
Average low °C (°F) −29.1
(−20.4)
−28.8
(−19.8)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−7.4
(18.7)
0.4
(32.7)
2.6
(36.7)
2
(36)
−1.1
(30)
−9.6
(14.7)
−17.7
(0.1)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−13.4
(7.9)
Record low °C (°F) −44.1
(−47.4)
−44.6
(−48.3)
−40.8
(−41.4)
−36.3
(−33.3)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−10
(14)
−3.7
(25.3)
−4
(25)
−13.9
(7)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−40
(−40)
−41.1
(−42)
−44.6
(−48.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 12.9
(0.508)
11.8
(0.465)
5.9
(0.232)
13.8
(0.543)
15.1
(0.594)
20.2
(0.795)
34.9
(1.374)
45.1
(1.776)
44
(1.73)
32.9
(1.295)
25.4
(1)
15.4
(0.606)
277.4
(10.921)
Average snowy days 10 10 9 12 14 4 2 3 10 19 16 12 121
Source: [14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Law #33, Article 12.2
  2. ^ Directive #517-rp
  3. ^ a b c d Law #149, Article 8
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность постоянного населения Чукотского автономного округа по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2016 года (Russian)
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation Iultinsky District (Russian)
  9. ^ a b c d e Red Cross Chukotka - Shmidtovsky District (Archived)
  10. ^ capetocape.org.uk - Mys Shmidta
  11. ^ a b Strogoff, p.139
  12. ^ Pochtovik Russian Mail Delivery Company Billings (Russian)
  13. ^ McKnight and Hess, pp.235-7
  14. ^ "Weather Averages for Ryrkaipiy from meoweather.com". meoweather.com. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №55-ОЗ от 9 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чукотского автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня его официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №7 (28), 14 мая 1999 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #55-OZ of June 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.). (Russian)
  • Правительство Чукотского автономного округа. Распоряжение №517-рп от 30 декабря 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных и территориальных образований Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Распоряжения №323-рп от 27 июня 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Распоряжение Правительства Чукотского автономного округа от 30 декабря 2008 года №517-рп». Опубликован: База данных "Консультант-плюс". (Government of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Directive #517-rp of December 30, 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Formations of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Directive #323-rp of June 27, 2011 On Amending the Government of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Directive No. 517-rp of December 30, 2008. ). (Russian)
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №149-ОЗ от 24 ноября 2008 г. «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Иультинского муниципального района Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №85-ОЗ от 20 октября 2010 г «Об упразднении сельского поселения Нутэпэльмен Иультинского муниципального района Чукотского автономного округа и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Чукотского автономного округа». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №46/1 (373/1), 28 ноября 2008 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #149-OZ of November 24, 2008 On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Iultinsky Municipal District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #85-OZ of October 20, 2010 On the Abolition of Nutepelmen Rural Settlement of Iultinsky Municipal District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug and on Amending Several Legislative Acts of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the day ten days after the official publication date.). (Russian)
  • McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-020263-0. 
  • M Strogoff, P-C Brochet, and D. Auzias Petit Futé: Chukotka (2006). "Avant-Garde" Publishing House.

External links[edit]