|Elevation||2,503 m (8,212 ft) |
|Prominence||163 m (535 ft) |
|Listing||Country high point (Poland)|
|English translation||scratches or crevices|
|Language of name||Polish and Slovak|
|Location||Poland / Slovakia|
|Parent range||High Tatras|
|First ascent||1840 by Ede Blásy, Ján Ruman-Driečny|
Rysy (Slovak: [ˈrisi], Polish: [ˈrɨsɨ]; German: Meeraugspitze, Hungarian: Tengerszem-csúcs) is a mountain in the crest of the High Tatras, eastern part of the Tatra Mountains, lying on the border between Poland and Slovakia. Rysy has three summits: the middle at 2,503 m (8,212 ft); the north-western at 2,499 m (8,199 ft); and the south-eastern at 2,473 m (8,114 ft). The north-western summit is the highest point of Poland and belongs to the Crown of Polish Mountains; the other two summits are on the Slovak side of the border.
Experts assume that the Polish and Slovak name Rysy, meaning "scratches" or "crevices", refers to a series of gullies, either those on the western slopes of Żabie Ridge or the very prominent 500 m (1,600 ft) high gully and numerous smaller ones on the northern side. A folk explanation on the Slovak side says that the name comes from the plural word rysy meaning "lynxes", although the habitat of the lynx does not extend above the timberline.
The Hungarian name Tengerszem-csúcs and the German name Meeraugspitze mean "eye-of-the-sea peak", from the glacial lake at the northern foot of the mountain, called "eye of the sea" (Morskie Oko in Polish).
The first known ascent was made in 1840, by Ede Blásy and his guide Ján Ruman-Driečny, Sr. The first winter ascent was completed in 1884, by Theodor Wundt and Jakob Horvay. In the 20th century, the communist authorities claimed Vladimir Lenin climbed the mountain sometime in the early 1910s. Rysy is the highest point in Poland.
Rysy is the highest peak in the Tatra Mountains that is accessible to individual tourists on foot without a mountain guide. It is possible to ascend the peak from the Slovak side, starting at Štrbské pleso and passing Chata pod Rysmi, a mountain chalet at an altitude of 2,250 m (7,380 ft), open during the summer season (from June 15 to October 31). The mountain can also be ascended from the Polish side coming from the Morskie Oko lake, which is a harder and steeper route.
Between November 1 and June 14, the trail on the Slovak side is closed.
The winter ascent from the Polish side is a serious climb requiring the right equipment (crampons, Ice axe) and skills, often with a large avalanche threat. There have been serious avalanche events, including fatal ones. The average slope of the slope above the Czarny Staw is around 30 degrees. In the Rysa couloir, about 40 degrees to its half. In the upper part, the incline reaches up to 44 degrees.
Since the accession of Poland and Slovakia to the Schengen Agreement in 2007, the border between the two countries may be easily crossed at this point like at any other.
- Orla Perć
- Tourism in Poland
- Tourism in Slovakia
- Geography of Poland
- Geography of Slovakia
- Tatra Volunteer Search and Rescue (Poland)
- Mountain Rescue Service (Slovakia)
- List of highest paved roads in Europe
- List of mountain passes
- "Rysy". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rysy.|
- TOPR - Polish Tatra Mountain Rescue Service
- Additional photos
- Rysy at Peakbagger.com
- Chalet below the Rysy peak
- Additional information including some photos