|Place of origin||United States|
|Main ingredients||Graham crackers, chocolate, marshmallows|
A s'more is a confection consisting of toasted marshmallow and chocolate sandwiched between two pieces of graham cracker. S'mores are popular in the United States and Canada, and traditionally cooked over a campfire.
Etymology and origins
S'more is a contraction of the phrase "some more". A S'more recipe appeared in a Campfire Marshmallows cookbook in the early 1920s, where it was called a "Graham Cracker Sandwich". The text indicates that the treat was already popular with both Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts. In 1927, a recipe for "Some More" was published in Tramping and Trailing with the Girl Scouts. Newspaper recipes began appearing as early as 1925.
The contracted term "s'mores" appears in conjunction with the recipe in a 1938 publication aimed at summer camps. A 1956 recipe uses the name "S'Mores", and lists the ingredients as "a sandwich of two graham crackers, toasted marshmallow and ½ chocolate bar". A 1957 Betty Crocker cookbook contains a similar recipe under the name "s'mores".
The 1958 publication Intramural and Recreational Sports for High School and College makes reference to "marshmallow toasts" and "s'mores hikes" as does its related predecessor, Intramural and Recreational Sports for Men and Women, published in 1949.
S'mores are traditionally cooked over a campfire, although they can also be made at home over the flame of a wood-burning fireplace, in an oven, over a stove's flame, in a microwave, with a s'mores-making kit, or in a panini press. A marshmallow, usually held by a metal or wooden skewer, is heated over the fire until it is golden brown. Traditionally, the marshmallow is gooey but not burnt, but, depending on individual preference and cooking time, marshmallows can range from barely warm to charred. The roasted marshmallow is then sandwiched between two halves of a graham cracker and a piece of chocolate (or with chocolate on both top and bottom), between the graham crackers. An additional step may follow, wherein the entire sandwich is wrapped in foil and heated so that the chocolate partially melts.
Various confections containing graham cracker, chocolate, and marshmallow are often sold as some derivative of a s'more, but they are not necessarily heated or served in the same shape as the traditional s'mores. The Hershey's S'mores bar is one example. Kellogg's Pop-Tarts also feature a s'mores variety. In the UK, the lack of graham crackers is easily improvised with digestive biscuits with a slab of Cadbury's chocolate. Chocolate digestives have a major advantage when lacking a piece of chocolate. Contemporary recipes can substitute other foods, such as potato chips, Nutella and Peeps, for the classic ingredients.
A homemade s'more
- Williams, Gladys (1920s). A Book of 150 Recipes Prepared with Campfire Marshmallows. Cambridge, Mass.: The Campfire Company. p. 21. hdl:2027/uc1.31822031036296. Retrieved August 7, 2015.
- Gibson, William Henry (1938). Recreational Programs for Summer Camps. Greenberg. p. 17.
- Tramping and Trailing with the Girl Scouts. Girl Scouts. 1927. p. 71.
- "Patrol Leaders Have Outing". Norwalk Hour. September 9, 1925.
1925 mention of "Some-mores" being introduced as a new dish at Camp Andree
- "News From Kamp Kiwani at Hardy". Memphis Commercial Appeal. August 16, 1925. p. 39. Retrieved August 10, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Scout Troop Letters". The Birmingham (Alabama) News. August 30, 1925. p. 17. Retrieved August 10, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
- Crocker, Betty (1957). Betty Crocker's Cook Book for Boys and Girls. New York: Golden Press. p. 72. ISBN 9780764526343.
- Leavitt, Norma; Price, Hartley D. (1958). Intramural and recreational sports for high school and college. Ronald Press Co. p. 151.
- Leavitt, Norma; Price, Hartley D. (1949). Intramural and Recreational Sports for Men and Women. A.S. Barnes. p. 150.
- "Smores Recipe - How To Make Smores". WhatsCookingAmerica.net. May 13, 2015.
- Walter, Megan (October 20, 2018). "How To Make Melt-In-Your-Mouth S'mores Over A Campfire". TheThings.com. Archived from the original on February 16, 2020. Retrieved November 22, 2019.
- Sichynsky, Tanya (August 10, 2022). "The Perfect S'more Is Practically Burned and a Little Salty". New York Times. p. D3. Retrieved August 10, 2022 – via nytimes.com.