Sámi Parliament of Finland

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Sámi Parliament of Finland

Northern Sami: Sámediggi
Inari Sami: Sämitigge
Skolt Sami: Sääʹmteʹǧǧ
Finnish: Saamelaiskäräjät
Swedish: Sametinget
Type
Type
History
Founded9 November 1973 (1973-11-09)
Preceded byFinnish Sámi Council
Leadership
Speaker
Tuomas Aslak Juuso
since February 28, 2020
Seats25
Meeting place
20150305 122401 crop.jpg
Sajos, Inari, Finland
Website
www.samediggi.fi

The Sámi Parliament of Finland (Finnish: Saamelaiskäräjät, Northern Sami: Sámediggi, Inari Sami: Sämitigge, Skolt Sami: Sääʹmteʹǧǧ) is the representative body for people of Sámi heritage in Finland. The parliament consists of 21 elected mandates. As of 2020, the president is Tuomas Aslak Juuso.[1]

The act establishing the Finnish Sámi Parliament was passed on 9 November 1973. The original name of was Sámi parlameanta in Northern Sámi. President Martti Ahtisaari signed the Act on the Sámi Parliament[2] on 17 July 1995. This law was amended and a decree[3] passed on 22 December 1995 and on 2 March 1996, Sámi parlameanta officially became Sámediggi.

Location[edit]

The Finnish Sámi Parliament is located in Sajos in Inari.

Responsibilities[edit]

Some of the responsibilities of the Finnish Sámi Parliament include matters related to the languages and culture of the Sámi, and also their status as an indigenous people. The Finnish Sámi Parliament decides on the distribution of the funds it receives that are earmarked for use by the Sámi. It can also sponsor bills and release statements on matters that fall under its jurisdiction.

The Finnish Sámi Parliament is a separate branch of the Ministry of Justice and is an independent legal body subject to public law with its own governing body, accountants as well as auditors.

The parliament has working groups for: education and education materiel, Sámi livelihood and rights, culture, social issues and health, election, and Sámi language.

Voting system[edit]

The Finnish Sámi Parliament has 21 representatives and 4 deputy representatives who are elected every 4 years from the Sámi Domicile Area. Each of the municipalities in the Sámi Domicile Area (Enontekiö, Utsjoki, Inari and Sodankylä) has thus at least 3 representatives and 1 deputy representative each.

Under the Section 3 of the Act on the Sámi Parliament[2] a person is eligible for voting if they consider themselves as a Sámi, and:

  • They, or one of their parents or grandparents used Sámi as mother tongue, or
  • They are descended from a person in the mountain, forest, or fisher Lapp Sámi register (tunturi-, metsä tai kalastajalappalaiseksi), or
  • At least one of their parents are, was, or could have been, eligible for voting at the Sámi Parliament of 1995 or the Sámi Council of 1973.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paltto, Anni-Saara (28 February 2020). "Tuomas Aslak Juuso válljejuvvui Sámedikki ođđa ságadoallin" (in Northern Sami). Yle. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Act on the Sámi Parliament (974/1995; amendments up to 1026/2003 included, laki saamelaiskäräjistä)" (PDF). Finlex. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Asetus saamelaiskäräjistä 22.12.1995/1727" [Decree on the Sámi Parliament]. Finlex (in Finnish). Retrieved 25 January 2015.

External links[edit]