3 February 1930 |
Sándor Csoóri (Csoóri, Alexander) (3 February 1930, Zámoly - ) is a Hungarian poet, essayist, writer and politician.
In 1950, he graduated from the Reformed Pontifical College (Pápai Református Kollégiumban), and then studied at ELTE Institute, but dropped his studies because of illness. He worked in various journals, such as during 1953-54 Literature in the newspaper, and in 1955 until 1956 the new sound versrovat editor. In 1956, he could not find work for a while, and then in 1960, as at the beginning of the Budapest University of Technology, and newspaper editorial staff, he was the MAFILM dramaturg from 1968 until 1988.
His first poems appeared in 1953, raising a big stir, being critical of the Rákosi era. The authorities soon noticed that Csoóri was not one of their supporters. He wrote criticizing the dictatorship's impact of personality, and the fate of rural people. He was under surveillance sometimes for years, and did not receive awards. He lived in Budapest, where he met with his friends, including Miklós Jancsó, Otto Orban, György Konrád, Ferenc Kósa. In 1988, he was co-editor with Gáspár Nagy, of Hitel, and in 1992 editor-in-chief.
- Attila József Prize (1954, 1970)
- Herder Prize (1981)
- Istvan Bibo Prize (1984)
- The Book of the Year Award (1985, 1995, 2004)
- Tibor Déry Prize (1987)
- Joseph Fitz Award (1989)
- Kossuth Prize (1990)
- Sower Nívódíja Publishing (1990)
- Radnóti Biennial Poetry prize (1990)
- Eeva Joenpelto Award (1995)
- Károli Gaspar Award (1997)
- Hungarian Heritage Award (1997, 2005)
- Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary, Commander's Crosses with Star, civilian (hu:A Magyar Köztársasági Érdemrend középkeresztje a csillaggal, 2000)
- Hungarian Art Prize (2004)
- Balint Balassi Memorial Sword Award (2006)
- Prima Primissima Award, 2008
Works in English
- "Letter to the American Poet, Gregory Corso", AGNI
- "A Hidden Self-Portrait"; "A Wind-Crown on My Head"; "Devastation", "I Hunt Yellow Bird", The Drunken Boat
- The Selected Poems of Sándor Csoóri. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press. 1992. ISBN 978-1-55659-047-4.
- Sándor Csoóri (2004). Before and After the Fall: New Poems. Rochester: BOA Editions, Ltd. ISBN 978-1-929918-46-1.
- "An Event in Hungary". The New York Review of Books. March 13, 1986.
- "Before and After the Fall", The Montserrat Review, Grace Cavalieri
- Official homepage of Balint Balassi Memorial Sword Award which is founded by Pal Molnar 
- Pal Molnar