Sándor Nemes

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Sándor Nemes
Alexander Neufeld
Personal information
Full name Nemes Sándor
Date of birth (1899-09-25)25 September 1899
Place of birth Budapest, Austro-Hungary
Date of death 27 October 1977(1977-10-27) (aged 78)
Place of death Vienna, Austria
Playing position Forward or right-winger
Youth career
ILK Budapest
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1916–1919 Ferencváros 57 (18)
1919–1920 Hakoah Vienna
1920 FC Basel
1920–1921 Maccabi Brno
1921–1926 Hakoah Vienna
1926–1927 Brooklyn Wanderers 20 (8)
1927–1929 Hakoah Vienna
1929–1930 Hakoah All-Stars 22 (2)
1930 Fall River Marksmen 1 (1)
1932–1933 BSK Belgrade
National team
1918–1919 Hungary 3 (0)
1925 Austria 2 (0)
Teams managed
1930–1931 BSK Belgrade
1931–1932 Hasmonea
1932–1935 BSK Belgrade
1935–1936 Hapoel Hatzair
1936–1939 BSK Belgrade
Galatasaray
1950–0? Hapoel Tel Aviv
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Sándor Nemes, also known as Alexander Neufeld (25 September 1899 – 27 October 1977) was a Hungarian football player and manager. He had a playing career in Hungary, Austria, Switzerland, United States and Yugoslavia, and he represented the national teams of Hungary and Austria.[1]

Playing career[edit]

Born in Budapest to a Jewish family,[2] Sándor Nemes begin playing for a local club named ILK. When the club was disbanded in 1916 he joined Ferencvárosi TC where after playing initially in the youth team in same year due to his skills he got promoted to the senior squad. At first he played as striker but shortly after he changed his playing position to right-winger. He soon became an established player within the team, forming the attacking line along with Mihály Pataki and Isidor Gansl. In both 1918 and 1919 they finished second in the Hungarian Championship behind the then dominating MTK Budapest. With Ferencváros he played a total of 57 league matches having scored 18 goals[3]

On 12 May 1918 he made his debut for the Hungarian national team playing in attack along Alfred Schaffer and Imre Schlosser in the 2-1 win over Switzerland in Budapest. A few weeks later, on 2 June, in Vienna, he played again this time winning Austria by 2-0.[4]

On 5 October 1919, he played his third match for the Hungarian national team, again in Vienna against Austria, however this time they were defeated by 0-2. In that period because of the political situation, many Hungarian players were emigrating abroad, and Nemes was no exception and he signed with second league Austrian club SC Hakoah Vienna. As way to overcame a bourocratic problem over the signing, he accepted a job in a bank in Vienna.

He played his first match with Hakoah in November 1919 and became soon one of the most important players in their aspiration to get promotion to the first league. By then, the Hungarian Football Federation was having a violent confrontation with Austrian clubs over the players that begin playing for Austrian clubs without being officially released from their origin clubs in Hungary. Until the end of 1919 these players, among them Ferenc Plattkó, Jenö brothers, Kálmán Konrád, and Sándor Nemes included, were not allowed to play under the insistency of the Hungarian Federation to sanction them. This situation lasted until March 1920 when the players could finally return to play. In his first season with Hakoah, Nemes reached the semi-finals of the Austrian Cup.

At the end of that year 1920, he rejoined his former club Ferencváros in their tourneé in Switzerland, however instead of returning to Hungary he decided to stay and signed with FC Basel where his former national team colleague Alfred Schaffer played. After playing only one month with the team, he received an invitation from the German businessman Otto Eidinger to participate in a newly formed Hungarian professional team that had programmed during the next year exhibition matches all over Europe. Sándor Nemes accepted the invitation, along with a number of other notable players like Plattkó, Pataki, József Ging, Gyula Feldmann and József Viola. However, after only a few weeks the tourneé was abandoned with players complaining about not being paid. Most of the players returned to Austria and Hungary where they were sanctioned by the respective federations with Nemes receiving a suspension to last until April 1921. He didn't respect the suspension, and as most other players did, he moved to Czechoslovakia and signed with Maccabi Brno. However soon afterwards an agreement was reached about an amnesty for players that would accept to return, and thus Nemes returned to Hakoah in summer 1921 and became part of Hakoah team that this time played in the Austrian Bundesliga.

In his first complete season in 1921-22 Hakoah finished second in the league, only 2 points behind the leader. In the next season Hakoah finished in mid table, but Nemes impressed by scoring 16 goals and finishing in third place as league top scorer. In 1924, professionalization begin in Austrian football and in that same year Hakoah won the Austrian championship. They also won in the same year their first European title by beating West Ham United by 5-0 with Nemes scoring three goals in that final match.

By then, Nemes had already played four times with the city selection of Vienna, and Austrian national team manager Hugo Meisl convoked him for the match on 5 July 1925, in Stockholm against Sweden, where he made his debut for the Austrian national team in the 4-2 win. He will play his second match for Austria on 8 November, that same year, in a 0-2 loss against Switzerland in Bern. He played both matches under the name of Alexander Neufeld.

In spring 1926 Hakoah made a successful tourneé in the United States with a number of players receiving contract offers on behalf of American soccer clubs. Nemes returned to Austria and finished that season, however he had informed that at the end of the season he will leave Hakoah and move to the United States by accepting the offer of Brooklyn Wanderers to play in the American Soccer League. Along with Nemes, three other Hakoah players also moved to Brooklyn, namely Hoffer, Leopold Drucker and Heinrich Schoenfeld. After one season in America, Nemes returned to Hakoah, however he couldn't stop the fall of the club that lost its best players, and they ended up relegated that season. Nemes returned to the States in 1929 and played with Hakoah All-Stars until 1930. In fall of 1930 he played with Fall River Marksmen[5] helping them to win the 1930 American Soccer League.

Afterwards he will play with BSK Belgrade in the Yugoslav Championship and Alexandria in Egypt.[6]

Coaching career[edit]

In 1930 Nemes moved to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia where he became a coach of one of the strongest clubs in the country BSK Belgrade and soon he makes his first major coaching success by winning the 1930–31 Yugoslav Championship. Seems that he returned to Austria in 1931 and worked one season as coach with a Second league Jewish club named Hasmonea, however the club ended up relegated due to the reduction in number of clubs for the next season and Nemes returned to BSK.

After coming back to Belgrade in 1932, he wil further win the Championship in 1933 and 1935 before having a year coaching experience with Hapoel Hatzair in Palestina, with Austrian Josef Uridil replacing him for that year at BSK. In 1936 however he returned to Belgrade where he will win another chsmpionship in 1939. In June 1938 he graduated in a six-months coaching course organised by the Yugoslav Football Association.[7] Afterwords, he had a breaf spell coaching Turkish Galatasaray before returning to Israel in 1950 to coach Hapoel Tel Aviv.

Name[edit]

His real name is Sándor Nemes, although for unknown reasons he begin to be known by the mid-1920s as Alexander Neufeld. Also, a number of Serbian sources name him in a third variant, as Antal Nemes. A match report from IFFHS refers to him as Alex Nemesch.[8]

It also seems that some sources confused him with another Hungarian born footballer, Ferry Neufeld, who was initially named Ferenc Nemes, thus appearing Alexander Nemes as having played 2 matches and scoring one goal for the Palestine national team, when in fact it was Ferry Neufeld who played for Palestine in those matches.[9]

He is also sometimes confused with another Hungarian coach, Károly Nemes, also known as Karlo/Carl or Dragutin Nemes, and it is sometimes wrongly attributed to Sándor as being the coach of SK Bata Borovo in the late 1930s and early 1940s, although it is uncertain who of the two coached the club in 1945 after the war interval.

A coach known as G. Nemetz has coached Fenerbahçe S.K. between 1939 and 1940 although there is still no confirmation if it was Sandor Nemes.

Honours[edit]

As player:

Hakoah Vienna
Fall River Marksmen
BSK Belgrade

As coach:

BSK Belgrade

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Players Appearing for Two or More Countries". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  3. ^ Sándor Nemes at tempofradi.com (in Hungarian)
  4. ^ Sándor Nemes/Alexander Neufeld at RSSSF
  5. ^ Nemes Neufeld at Soccerwastats.com
  6. ^ "Die legionäre", pag. 294 by David Forster, Bernhard Hachleitner, Robert Hummer and Robert Franta (in German)
  7. ^ Fudbal u Kraljevini Jugoslaviji, Milorad Sijić, pag. 35
  8. ^ Match report at IFFHS
  9. ^ RSSSF

External sources[edit]