Sâniob

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sâniob

Szentjobb
Sâniob is located in Romania
Sâniob
Sâniob
Coordinates: 47°16′00″N 22°08′00″E / 47.2667°N 22.1333°E / 47.2667; 22.1333
Country Romania
CountyBihor County
Population
 (2011)[1]
2,333
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Sâniob (Hungarian: Szentjobb; Turkish: Şenköy) is a commune in Bihor County, western Romania. The village was named after Stephen I of Hungary's Holy Dexter - his preserved right hand which was kept in an abbey here. The name was granted by Ladislaus I of Hungary in 1083. It was conquered by the Ottomans in 1661, becoming the seat of a sanjak in Varat Eyalet. Called Şenköy by the new authorities, it was captured by the Habsburg Monarchy in 1691.

It is composed of four villages:

  • Cenaloș (Csanálos), to the southeast of Sâniob
  • Ciuhoi (Berettyócsohaj [ˈbɛrɛccoːt͡ʃohɒj]), to the south of Sâniob
  • Sâniob
  • Sfârnaș (Berettyófarnos), to the southwest of Sâniob

At the 2011 census, 56.7% of inhabitants were Hungarians, 37.3% Romanians and 5.6% Roma. 46.1% were Roman Catholic, 29% Romanian Orthodox, 16.4% Reformed, 5.9% Pentecostal and 0.9% Greek-Catholic.

Known as Sâniob prior to 1968, the commune's name was changed to Ciuhoi that year and its seat moved to the latter village. In 2012, the commune's previous name was revived and the seat moved back to Sâniob village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romanian census data, 2011 Archived 2012-06-16 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved on March 1, 2013

Coordinates: 47°16′00″N 22°08′00″E / 47.2667°N 22.1333°E / 47.2667; 22.1333