São Félix, Bahia
São Félix, Bahia
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São Félix, Bahia is a municipality in Bahia, Brazil. The municipality has a population of 15,310 with a population density of 142 inhabitants per square kilometer. It is located 110 km (68 mi) from the state capital of Bahia, Salvador.
São Félix has its origin in a Tupinamba village. In 1534, the Tupinambá village had about 20 huts and a population of approximately two hundred. The Portuguese took the land for the timber trade and to establish sugar cane plantations. Their attempts to enslave the Tupinamba population was unsuccessful and Mem de Sá, Governor-General of the Portuguese colony of Brazil from 1557-1572, expelled them from the region. Slaves were brought from Africa to Bahia beginning in 1549, and to Sao Felix and Cachoeira in 1615.
Tobacco production fueled the economy of São Félix from the eighteenth century to the first half of the nineteenth century. Its waterfront was lined with warehouses and three large cigar factories. São Félix became the largest producers of cigars in Brazil. Noted brands were Costa Penna, Dannemanm e Cia, and Simas Cardoso.
The first parish church in São Félix was established in 1838 under the name of Nossa Senhora do Desterro do Outeiro Redondo. In 1857 the parish was renamed Senhor Deus Menino de São Félix. Luis Xavier Leal founded the Colégio São Félix in 1884 in the building that now houses the Municipal Market (Mercado Municipal) of São Félix. São Félix was separated from Cachoeira and became an independent municipality in 1889. It was elevated to the level of city in 1890 under the name of São Félix do Paraguaçú. The name was shorted to São Félix in 1931.
- "São Félix" (in Portuguese). Brasília, Brazil: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). 2017. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
- De Azevedo, Paulo Ormindo (2012). "Cachoeira and São Félix". Lisbon, Portugal: Heritage of Portuguese Influence/Património de Influência Portuguesa. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
- Lobo, Graça; Pellegrino Filho, Antonio Roberto, eds. (2015). Terreiros de Candomblé de Cachoeira e São Félix. Salvador, Bahia: Fundação Pedro Calmon, IPAC,. pp. 47–48.
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