São Miguel das Missões

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria la Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil)
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Ruinas de Sao Miguel das Missoes.jpg
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Reference 275-291
UNESCO region Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription history
Inscription 1983 (7th Session)
Extensions 1984
São Miguel das Missões is located in Brazil
São Miguel das Missões
Location of São Miguel das Missões in Brazil.

São Miguel das Missões is a municipality in Rio Grande do Sul state, southern Brazil. Important 17th century Spanish Jesuit mission ruins are located in the municipality.[1]

San Miguel Mission is within Sant'Angelo Microregion, and the Riograndense Northwest Mesoregion.

Mission São Miguel das Missões[edit]

The town grew around the Spanish colonial Jesuit Reduction, Mission São Miguel das Missões, founded in 1632.[1]

In 1984 Mission São Miguel das Missões was one of four sites of Jesuit reductions in Argentina and one in Brazil to be declared by UNESCO the Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis World Heritage Sites.[2]

Museum[edit]

The Museu das Missões (Museum Mission) is a history museum located in São Miguel Mission.[3]

The creation of the museum was one of the first initiatives of the Office of Historical and Artistic Heritage, today IPHAN. In 1937 the SPHAN was created and in the same year, the architect Lucio Costa was sent to Rio Grande do Sul to analyze the remains of the ruins of the Seven Peoples of the Missions,[4] and propose measures. One of his proposals was to create a museum to house the statues missionary dispersed throughout the region. In 1938, the remnants of the town of San Miguel and the museum building were listed as National Heritage, and in 1940 , the Museum of the Missions was officially established.

Between 1938 and 1940, the architect Lucas Mayerhofer directed the stabilization works in the mission Church of San Miguel, the construction of the museum building, and was in charge of gathering the works of statuary.

Currently listed in the museum's collection are religious images from the time of installation of the Jesuit missions in the region.

Geography[edit]

Area of the City
  • 1246 km²
Population
  • 7,682 inhabitants.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°32′S 54°33′W / 28.533°S 54.550°W / -28.533; -54.550