São Sebastião do Paraíso

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Location of São Sebastião do Paraíso on a map of the state of Minas Gerais

São Sebastião do Paraíso is a Brazilian municipality located in the southwest of the state of Minas Gerais. Its population as of 2010 was 64,980 people living in a total area of 822 km². The city belongs to the meso-region of Sul e Sudoeste de Minas and to the micro-region of São Sebastião do Paraíso. It became a municipality in 1870. The city and surrounding area are famous for the growing of high-quality coffee. It also ranks high in the country for its quality of life.[1]

Location[edit]

The city center of São Sebastião do Paraíso is located at an elevation of 991 meters in a fertile region between the state boundary of São Paulo and the great reservoir of Furnas. Neighboring municipalities are: São Tomás de Aquino (NW), Capetinga (N), Pratápolis (NE), Fortaleza de Minas (E) Jacuí (SE), Monte Santo de Minas (S), Itamogi, Santo Antônio da Alegria and Altinópolis (SW), and Patrocínio Paulista (W).[2]

The municipality contains the 248 hectares (610 acres) São Sebastião do Paraíso Biological Reserve, a strictly protected conservation unit created in 1974.[3]

Statistical Micro-region[edit]

São Sebastião do Paraíso is a statistical micro-region consisting of 14 municipalities: Arceburgo, Cabo Verde, Guaranésia, Guaxupé, Itamogi, Jacuí, Juruaia, Monte Belo, Monte Santo de Minas, Muzambinho, Nova Resende, São Pedro da União, São Sebastião do Paraíso, and São Tomás de Aquino. In 2000 the population was 245,490 inhabitants living in a total area of 5,159.70 km².[2]

Geographical Facts[edit]

Altitude

  • Maximum: 1183m; Place: Serra do Chapadão
  • Minimum: 894m; Place: Foz Ribeirão Água Quente
  • Center of the city: 980m

Temperature

  • Annual average: 20.6 C
  • Average annual maximum: 27.5 C
  • Average annual minimum: 15.5 C

Average annual rainfall: 1,690mm

Terrain

  • Flat: 8%
  • Hilly: 74%
  • Mountainous: 18%

Main Rivers

  • Ribeirão Fundo, Ribeirão São Domingos, and Rio Santana [4]

Distances

[5][6]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic Origin[edit]

Race Percentage
White 81,6%
Black 4,1%
Multiracial/Pardo 10,0%
Asian 4,2%
Indigenous 0,1%

Source: Censo 2000

Economic activities[edit]

Industry is the main economic activity of the municipality and is mainly centered in the production of surgical material, clothing (mainly lingerie), and leather goods, from tanning to the manufacture of shoes. In 2005 384 transformation industries employing 6,165 workers. Other sectors were the retail sector employing 4,693 workers, public administration employing 1,307, and health services employing 878 workers. The GDP in 2005 was approximately R$577 million, with 63 from taxes, 343 million reais from services, 104 million reais from industry, and 68 million reais from agriculture.

The region is a major producer of coffee and milk products. There were 968 rural producers on 55,000 hectares of land, meaning that the size of the landholdings was relatively small. Approximately 8,400 persons were occupied in agriculture. The main crops are coffee (13,000 hectares), sugarcane, figs, peaches, citrus fruits, rice, beans, and corn (15,000 hectares). There were 44,000 head of cattle, of which 16,000 were milk cows (2006).[1]

There are 9 banks (2007): Banco ABN AMRO Real, Banco do Brasil, Bradesco, HSBC Bank Brasil S/A, Caixa Econômica Federal, Banco Itaú, Banco Mercantil do Brasil, ParaísoCred, and Credipar.[4]

In the vehicle fleet there were 14,848 automobiles, 1,237 trucks, 1,264 pickup trucks, 135 buses, and 3,650 motorcycles (2007).[1]

Health and education[edit]

In the health sector there were 24 public health establishments and 24 private establishments which included 29 health clinics and 4 hospitals with 325 beds (2005). Educational needs of 14,100 students were met by 32 primary schools, 7 middle schools, and 30 pre-primary schools.[1] In higher education there were 2 schools: Faculdade de Ciências Económics, Administração, e Contabilidade de São Sebastião do Paraíso - FACEAC, and Universidade de Alfenas - UNIFENAS - São Sebastião do Paraíso.[7]

  • Municipal Human Development Index: 0.812 (2000)
  • State ranking: 22 out of 853 municipalities as of 2000
  • National ranking: 37 out of 5,138 municipalities as of 2000
  • Literacy rate: 91%
  • Life expectancy: 74 (average of males and females)[8]

In 2000 the per capita monthly income of R$324.00 was above the state average of R$276.00 and above the national average of R$297.00. Poços de Caldas had the highest per capita monthly income in 2000 with R$435.00. The lowest was Setubinha with R$73.00.

The highest ranking municipality in Minas Gerais in 2000 was Poços de Caldas with 0.841, while the lowest was Setubinha with 0.568. Nationally the highest was São Caetano do Sul in São Paulo with 0.919, while the lowest was Setubinha. In more recent statistics (considering 5,507 municipalities) Manari in the state of Pernambuco has the lowest rating in the country—0,467—putting it in last place.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d IBGE
  2. ^ a b Citybrazil
  3. ^ "São Sebastião do Paraíso: Vegetação", City Brazil (in Portuguese), retrieved 2016-04-29 
  4. ^ a b City site
  5. ^ DERMG
  6. ^ A onde fica
  7. ^ Guia de Cursos
  8. ^ a b Frigoletto

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 20°55′01″S 46°59′27″W / 20.91694°S 46.99083°W / -20.91694; -46.99083