São Tomé olive pigeon

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São Tomé olive pigeon
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Columba
Species: C. thomensis
Binomial name
Columba thomensis
Barboza du Bocage, 1888

The São Tomé olive pigeon or maroon pigeon (Columba thomensis) is an endangered species of pigeon which is endemic to the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe off the coast of west Africa. It was described by José Vicente Barbosa du Bocage in 1888.


The species is 37 x 40 centimeters long[2]


The species of the olive pigeon are founded in areas including Chamico in the northwest, Lagoa Amelia, Zampalma, Nova Ceilão and Bombaim in the central ranges near Formoso Pequeno southwards to the valley of Rio Lo Grande and Xufexufe and Ana Chaves valleys.

Conservation and status[edit]

The continued survival of the São Tomé olive pigeon depends upon stopping habitat loss in the remaining lowland rainforest of São Tomé, as does the survival of three other birds: the São Tomé ibis, São Tomé oriole, and São Tomé scops owl.[3]


Further reading[edit]

  • Bocage, 1888 : Oiseaux nouveaux de l'île St. Thomé. Jornal de Sciencias Mathematicas, Physicas e Naturaes, Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa, vol. XII, n. 48, p. 229-232.
  • del Hoyo J., Elliott A. & Sargatal J. (1997) Handbook of the Birds of the World, Volume 4, Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. BirdLife International, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, p. 679
  • Prin J. & G. (1997) Encyclopédie des Colombidés. Prin, Ingré, p. 55

External links[edit]