São Vicente, São Paulo
Brazil's first village
Cellula-Mater of Nationality
Birthplace of Democracy in the Americas
Location of São Vicente
|• Mayor||Pedro Gouvêa (PMDB)|
|• Total||147.89 km2 (57.10 sq mi)|
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|• Density||2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (BRT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (BRST)|
|HDI (2010)||0,768 – high|
|Website||São Vicente City|
São Vicente (after Saint Vincent of Saragossa, the patron Saint of Lisbon, Portugal) is a coastal municipality at southern São Paulo, Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista. The population is 355,542 (2015 est.) in an area of 147.89 square kilometres (57.10 square miles).
It was the first permanent Portuguese settlement in the Americas and the first capital of the Captaincy of São Vicente, roughly the present state of São Paulo. Established as a proper village in 1532 by Martim Afonso de Sousa on what was then the Porto dos Escravos ("Port of the Slaves"), operated by three Portuguese colonists who trafficked on slaves captured by allied tribes, São Vicente is titled Cellula Mater (Mother Cell) of Brazil for being the first organized town in the country. The first City Council of all the Americas was democratically elected and established in São Vicente on August 22, 1532.
A battle took place here on 3 February 1583 when three English warships attempting to trade with the Portuguese, was set upon by three Spanish galleons. The Spanish ships were repelled and retreated leaving one galleon sunk.
São Vicente is located on the western half of coastal São Vicente Island, being mostly a bedroom community for the larger and wealthier neighbouring port and commercial city of Santos on the island's eastern half. A small north-south hill range separates for the most part the two cities' urban areas, but they are contiguous in the north and on a narrow beach strip in the south. A narrow strip of land of the basin of the small Cubatão River extends west out of the central area of São Vicente, north and parallel to the municipality of Praia Grande.
São Vicente Suspension Bridge, linking the island to Praia Grande on the mainland, was constructed in 1914; a second link, the Mar Pequeno Bridge, was opened in 1981. São Vicente is linked to the capital city of São Paulo by the Imigrantes Highway and to the southern coast by the Manuel da Nóbrega Highway. São Vicente has a small fishing industry in its portion on the mainland, where there are a few small settlements.
The Monument of 500 years of Brazil (Monumento dos 500 anos do Brasil) is a viewing platform on Porchat Island, an islet which extends from the south of São Vicente Island. The platform was designed by the architect Oscar Niemeyer (1907–2012). It faces roughly north in an imaginary line to the National Congress in Brasília, completed by Niemeyer and others in 1960. The municipality contains part of the 901 hectares (2,230 acres) Xixová-Japuí State Park, created in 1993.
São Vicente is twinned with:
- "Do Litoral ao Planalto". História do Brasil: Área Vicentina.
- Lawrence, Rachel (January 2010). Alyse Dar (ed.). Brazil (Seventh ed.). Apa Publications GmbH & Co. / Discovery Channel. pp. 183–204.
- Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
- Assembleia Legislativa do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar Nº 815
- Rachel Lawrence: 2010, Page 183
- Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago, Ill.: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
- Wilgus, Alva Curtis (1941). The Development of Hispanic America. Farrar & Rinehart, Incorporated. p. 181.
- "São Vicente e Suas Atrações" (in Portuguese). Prefeitura Municipal de São Vicente. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
- PES Xixová-Japuí (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-11-28
- Naha Sister Cities