Local people on the shore of Lake Sélingué
Location of Sélingué Dam in Mali
|Location||Sikasso Region, Mali|
|Construction cost||140 million US dollars|
|Operator(s)||Office of Rural Development of Sélingué|
|Dam and spillways|
|Height||23 metres (75 ft)|
|Length||2,600 metres (8,500 ft)|
|Spillway capacity||3,500 m3/s (120,000 cu ft/s)|
|Total capacity||2,630,000,000 m3 (2,130,000 acre·ft)|
|Surface area||430 km2 (170 sq mi)|
|Turbines||4 x 11 MW Kaplan-type|
|Installed capacity||44 MW|
|Annual generation||200 million kWh|
The Sélingué Dam is an embankment dam with a gravity section located in the Sikasso Region, on the Sankarani River, one of the affluents of the Niger River. It is an important center of energy production in Mali surpassed only by the Manantali Dam on the Bafing River.
Its construction, at the cost of 140 million US dollars, was financed by several backers.
The dam has a crest length of 2,600 metres (8,500 ft) and a height of 23 metres (75 ft). With a power output of 44 MW, the dam has an energy output of 200 million kilowatt-hours per year. The dam provides Bamako, Kati, Koulikoro, Ségou, Fana, Dioïla, Yanfolila and Kalana with electricity. It was brought into service in 1982, and renovated between 1996 and 2001.
The retaining basin of the dam forms the artificial Lake Sélingué. The water level has a maximum height of 349 metres (1,145 ft) but varies throughout the year. When full the lake stores 2.2 cubic kilometres (0.53 cu mi) of water and has an area of 409 square kilometres (158 sq mi). It allows agriculture on the irrigated perimeters, managed by the Office of Rural Development of Sélingué, as well as fishing.
- N'Djim, coordination scientifique: Jérôme Marie, Pierre Morand, Hamady (2007). Avenir du fleuve Niger = [The Niger River's future]. Paris: IRD Éditions. p. 177-239. ISBN 9782709916325. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- Zwarts, Cissé & Diallo 2005, pp. 23-26.
- Knaap 1994, Section 4.3 Sélingué Reservoir.
- Knaap, Martin van der (1994), Status of fish stocks and fisheries of thirteen medium-sized African reservoirs. CIFA Technical Paper 26, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, ISBN 92-5-103581-4.
- Zwarts, Leo; Cissé, Navon; Diallo, Mori (2005), "Chapter 2: Hydrology of the Upper Niger", in Zwarts, Leo; van Beukering, Pieter; Kone, Bakary; et al., The Niger, a lifeline: Effective water management in the Upper Niger Basin (PDF), Veenwouden, the Netherlands: Altenburg & Wymenga, pp. 15–41, ISBN 90-807150-6-9. Also published in French with the title "Le Niger: une Artère vitale. Gestion efficace de l’eau dans le bassin du Haut Niger".
- Askofare, B.; Rakotomaniraka, J.B. (1988), Sélingué Dam Project. Project Performance Evaluation Report (PPER) (PDF), African Development Bank Group.
- Raymond, Laë (1994), "Effect of drought, dams and fishing pressure on the fisheries of the Central Delta on the Niger river", International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 20: 119–128.