Sérgio Cabral Filho
Sérgio Cabral Filho
|61st Governor of Rio de Janeiro|
January 1, 2007 – April 3, 2014
|Vice Governor||Luiz Fernando Pezão|
|Preceded by||Rosinha Garotinho|
|Succeeded by||Luiz Fernando Pezão|
|Senator for Rio de Janeiro|
February 1, 2003 – January 1, 2007
|President of the Legislative Assembly of Rio de Janeiro|
January 1, 1995 – January 1, 2003
|Preceded by||José Nader|
|Succeeded by||Jorge Picciani|
|State Deputy of Rio de Janeiro|
January 1, 1991 – January 1, 2003
Sérgio de Oliveira Cabral Santos Filho
January 27, 1963
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Political party||MDB (1980-1992; 1999-present)|
|Spouse(s)||Adriana de Lourdes Ancelmo (2004–2011; separated)|
He was elected governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro in the 2006 Brazilian general election and sworn into office on January 1, 2007. Cabral Filho was a representative in the Rio de Janeiro state legislature from 1991 to 2002 and its president from 1995 to 2002. In the 2002 general elections, he was elected senator for the state of Rio de Janeiro, a position he occupied from January 2003 until December 2006, when he resigned to run in the Rio de Janeiro gubernatorial elections, having been replaced in Brazilian Senate by Regis Fichtner Velasco.
He ran for mayor of Rio de Janeiro in 1996 on a PSDB Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB) ticket, but his election as governor happened after he switched to the PMDB (Brazilian Democratic Movement Party). He and his running mate, Luiz Fernando de Sousa, won 68% of the valid votes (5,129,064 votes) in the second round of voting against the Popular Socialist Party (PPS) candidate Denise Frossard, who received only 32% of valid votes.
Cabral was selected to make formal apologies to 120 individuals, including Dilma Rousseff, Brazil's 36th president, for human rights abuses inflicted on them during the dictatorship that was in power in Brazil from 1964 to 1985.
On November 17, 2016, Cabral was arrested on charges of corruption. He has been sentenced to jail.
Tenure as governor
Cabral became governor at a time of uncertain economic prospects and serious security challenges in his state of Rio de Janeiro. During the election campaign for governor in 2006, he had praised the "zero tolerance" security model touted by New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani and pledged to root out police corruption and improve services in Rio's favelas.
After visiting Colombia in 2007 to observe that country's success in the realm of public safety, Cabral secured additional funding for the police and tasked Public Security Secretary, José Mariano Beltrame with spearheading a plan to improve security. In 2008, the state and city governments launched a community policing program called Pacifying Police Units, or UPPs, in Rio. In contrast to previous police practices, UPPs created a sustained, long-term police presence in favelas, including the Cidade de Deus, Complexo do Alemão and Santa Marta. Their operations made use of Rio military police's BOPE units in fighting urban crime and also use their Police Pacification Units for extended policing. These methods led to decreased homicide rates in the favelas where UPPs were set up.
The magazine Brasil de Fato described him in 2007 as a political figure who " relentlessly justifies police violence in poor areas of the city. His latest statement was to claim that people living in the favelas are being paid by drug traffickers to complain about police raids."
In healthcare, Cabral launched a mobile health unit that travels around the state giving free tests to the public in local areas.
Cabral also streamlined management of the state's finances through tax adjustments and adoption of strict modern management techniques such as electronic bidding. These measures led Rio de Janeiro to become the first Brazilian state to be ranked as "investment grade", by the world's most important risk rating agency, Standard & Poor's. At the time, the agency announced that "the strong management that has prevailed in the State over the past three years" and the fact that the state was "backed by a strong and diverse economy with an estimated GDP per capita of around 25% above the average in Brazil" made it achieve a global rating of "BBB-" and a "brAAA" credit rating on national scale.
His first tenure as governor was also marked by achievements for the LGBT community, especially the creation of Rio Sem Homofobia (Rio Without Homophobia), a program that aims to combat homophobia in public policies in the state. Cabral was also the first governor of Rio de Janeiro to participate in an LGBT parade.
In transportation, Cabral renovated the fleet of SuperVia trains, which had only ten trains in 2007 with air conditioning. Today, all 100 trains have air conditioning. He was also the governor who built most kilometers of underground metro lines since the subway began operation in the 1970s.
Security improvements, economic growth and Rio winning the bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics helped to increase Cabral's popularity and led him to an easy re-election victory in the 2010 Rio de Janeiro gubernatorial election, with more than 66% of the vote. He was seen as a key ally to Presidents Lula and Dilma and was regarded as potential vice presidential candidate.
On September 14, 2009, Sérgio Cabral received the Légion d'honneur (National Order of the Legion of Honor), the highest award of the French government. The medal ceremony took place in Paris in the French Senate.
On May 8, 2008, Cabral received an award as the 2008 Personalidade Cidadania, or Good Citizen Award, for the roster of his political and social achievements during his tenure in the legislative and executive branches of government. He was selected by 4,327 representatives from various segments of civil society, by direct voting. The prize is an initiative of Unesco, Folha Dirigida and Associação Brasileira de Imprensa (ABI).
In 2013, Cabral received the Brazilian Person of the Year award from the Spain-Brazil Chamber of Commerce for his contribution to health and public safety in state of Rio through the projects of the public health assistance units and UPPs.
Corruption charges and arrest
Recently, he was accused of charging 5% on every contract awarded to Odebrecht, including those for restoring the Maracanã stadium and the Coperj railroad. According to the Folha de S.Paulo newspaper, he was implicated in Operation Car Wash by Benedicto Barbosa da Silva Júnior, the companies' director.
He was accused of embezzling 224 million Brazilian reals, more than $80 million US. On December 6, 2016, the court heard charges filed by the Federal Public Prosecutor's Office (MPF), then charged Sérgio Cabral with corruption, racketeering and money laundering. On the same day, Adriana Ancelmo, Cabral's wife, was also arrested.
In February 2017, the MPF-RJ accused Cabral as part of Operation Efficiency, another operation connected to Operation Car Wash.
On 13 June 2017, he was sentenced to 14 years and two months of imprisonment for passive corruption and money laundering. On 20 September 2017 he was sentenced to an additional 45 years imprisonment for embezzlement.
On July 3, 2018, within the scope of the Carwash probe; failed Brazilian businessman Eike Batista was convicted of bribing Cabral for state government contracts, paying him USD $16.6 million. Held at the Gericinó penitentiary in Bangu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Batista was sentenced to 30 year imprisonment; Brazilian law limits sentences to 30 years served.
- Veja, Issues 39-42. Editora Abril, 2006. p.18.
- Vinod Sreeharsha (November 17, 2016). "Sergio Cabral,Ex-Governor of Rio due Janeiro, Arrested on Corruption Charges". The New York Times.
- Reel, Monte (May 24, 2007). "Rio's New Governor Takes Aim at Old Problem: Gangs". Washington Post.
- "Welcome to Rio's Shantytown Counterinsurgency". April 24, 2011.
- "Senior Associate Adam Isacson on Security Programs in Rio de Janeiro". Archived from the original on February 22, 2016.
- "Rio's lives of crime". August 2009.
- "O Antagonista - Cabral descobriu o Brasil". www.oantagonista.com. June 22, 2016.
- "O Antagonista - Cabral ganhou a Copa". www.oantagonista.com. June 22, 2016.
- "Sérgio Cabral é preso na Operação Calicute, nova fase da Lava Jato".
- "Sérgio Cabral vira réu por formação de quadrilha, corrupção e lavagem - Agência Estado - UOL Notícias".
- "Mulher de Sérgio Cabral, Adriana Ancelmo se entrega na 7ª Vara Federal e é presa".
- "Sérgio Cabral é condenado a 14 anos e dois meses por corrupção e lavagem de dinheiro" (in Portuguese). Parana. June 13, 2017.
- Claire Felter; Rocio Cara Labrador (November 7, 2018). "Brazil's Corruption Fallout". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
- "Rio's post-Olympic blues". The Economist. October 5, 2017.
- Biller, David "Former Brazil Billionaire Batista Hit With 30-Year Sentence," Bloomberg News, July 3, 2018. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
- "MPF-RJ pede pena superior a 40 anos de prisão para Eike Batista e Sérgio Cabral".
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