Sérgio Fernando Moro|
1 August 1972
Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
|Spouse(s)||Rosângela Wolff de Quadros|
Maringa State University|
Federal University of Paraná
|Occupation||Magistrate, professor, author|
Sérgio Fernando Moro (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈsɛʁʒju ˈmoɾu]; born 1 August 1972) is a Brazilian federal judge. In 2015 he gained fame for being in charge of the prosecution of the crimes identified in the Operation Car Wash (Portuguese: Operação Lava Jato), a case of high-profile scandals of corruption and bribery involving government officials and business executives.
Moro grew up in Maringá. His parents are Dalton Áureo Moro, a former Geography professor (deceased), and Odete Moro, a former Portuguese teacher. His elder sibling is César Fernando Moro, a marathonist and director of a technology firm. He studied abroad through a short duration (30 days) exchange program at Harvard Law School in 1998. He earned a doctorate at the Federal University of Paraná in 2002 and earned his bachelors of law degree at Maringa State University in 1995. Since 1996, he has been federal judge in Brazil. For acting in favor of retired people, he was known as "o juiz dos velhinhos," or "the old folks' judge." He has been previously adjunct law professor there, and is currently a professor at Centro Universitário Curitiba. He also acts as a federal judge in high-profile cases—including Operation Car Wash. In 2007, he participated in the United States Department of State International Visitor Leadership Program in which he visited U.S. agencies and institutions responsible for preventing and combating money laundering.
Moro's methods have been questioned by his peers and audited by Brazilian Justices since 2005.
In 2007, when a defendant wasn't to be found at home, he issued an order to monitor the lists of passengers of all airliners flying from Ciudad del Este in Paraguay and from Porto Alegre in Brazil to Curitiba in order to track the movements the defendant's attorneys.
From 2007 through 2010, he issued an order to record and collect all phone communications and visitor booth talks between all inmates, their families and attorneys at Catanduvas Federal Penitentiary in order to "prevent future crimes".
These cases, among others, have been considered excesses and have brought grave criticism on Moro. Justice Celso de Mello has officially accused Moro of condoning a "nosy police state" and acting as an "investigative judge".
On December 6, 2016, at a ceremony in which Moro was awarded a Man of the Year prize by Brazilian Editora Três publishing house, Moro was photographed laughing alongside Brazilian Senator Aécio Neves, PSDB's candidate in Brazil's 2014 Presidential Election and main critic of PT's tenures in office. Since PT is strongly involved in Operation Carwash, the photograph has caused an uproar among PT supporters. During an interview, Moro has said that "the photograph was unfortunate, but there's no bias in my decisions as a judge". Neves was accused by five witnesses at Operation Carwash of taking R$300,000 in bribes from Alberto Youssef.
The speed with which Moro has treated specific actions that involve figures from the Brazilian left and his courteous relationship with members of the former opposition, some of which under investigation themselves, has been criticized by Brazilian jurists, who accuse Moro of being part of a lawfare strategy in order to ostracize PT and bring PSDB to power.
Moro began to study Law at the State University of Maringá. During his studies, he interned in a law firm for two years. In 1995, he finished his degree in Law. He received his master's degree in 2000 from the Federal University of Paraná with the dissertation "Development and Judicial Enforcement of Constitutional Norms", guided by Professor Clèmerson Merlin Clève. In 2002, he completed a PhD in State Law at the same institution, guided by Marçal Justen Filho. Moro also attended Harvard Law School's law education program in 1998 and participated in money laundering programs promoted by the US Department of State.
- Brown, Dennis (2 October 2017). "Brazilian Judge Sérgio Moro receives Notre Dame Award". University of Notre Dame. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- Hasselmann, Joice (2016). Sérgio Moro: a História do Homem por Trás da Operação que Mudou o Brasil [Sérgio Moro: The History of the Man Behind the Operation that Changed Brazil] (in Portuguese). São Paulo: Universo dos Livros. p. 208. ISBN 8550300217.
- "Effects of Petrobras scandal leave Brazilians lamenting a lost dream". The New York Times. 9 August 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
If any good has come from the Petrobras debacle it is the flickering sense that this time could be different. Part of the reason is the work of Judge Sérgio Moro, who is overseeing the investigation, officially known as Operação Lava Jato, or Operation Carwash.
- Cruz, Fernanda (31 August 2015). "Sergio Moro fighting corruption should bring benefits to Brazil". Agência Brasil. Retrieved 15 July 2017."Federal Judge Sérgio Moro, in charge of the proceedings opened under Operation Car Wash"..."The judge reported that the evidence gathered during the operation as well as the allegations given under plea bargain indicate that the payment of bribes through contracts at Petrobras was a common practice.
- Connors, Will; Magalhaes, Luciana. "Court Ruling Threatens to Hamper Brazilian Judge Sergio Moro's Anticorruption Success". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
A single federal judge has overseen the adjudication of Brazil’s vast corruption scandal involving state-run oil company Petróleo Brasileiro SA, issuing a string of warrants and multiyear prison sentences against some of the country’s most powerful executives.
- Moro, Sergio (28 October 2013). "Curriculum vitae". Currículo Lattes (in Portuguese). CNPq. Retrieved 8 March 2016.