Síminn

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Síminn
NASDAQ [1]
Industry Telecommunications, Entertainment, Infrastructure, IT
Founded Original 1906.
Headquarters Reykjavík, Iceland
Key people
Sigríður Hrólfsdóttir, Chairman
Orri Hauksson, President & CEO
Products Fixed line, Mobile, Internet, xDSL, GPON, IPnetwork, Television, Streaming media
Revenue ~$320 million USD (2004)
Number of employees
750
Website www.siminn.is

Síminn (Iceland Telecom), previously named Landssíminn, is an Icelandic telecommunications company. The company is regarded as one of Iceland’s most reliable companies, affecting the daily lives of all inhabitants for well over a century. Offerings include a wide portfolio of communication services, for both private and corporate clients, including mobile, home phones, Internet connections and television. Síminn also runs its own TV channel and streaming services. Síminn owns and operates companies in the information technology and infrastructure and is listed in the Icelandic stock exchange..[2]

Iceland Telecom is the leading provider of wireless communications services in Iceland, operating a 4G/3G/2G mobile network reaching over 99% of Iceland's population, including the rural areas - and offering a wide range of mobile services. Ericsson is the driving force behind the company's mobile network.[3] Speedtest by Ookla, the global leader in internet testing and network diagnostics, has named Síminn as Iceland’s Fastest Mobile Network in 2016.[4]

History[edit]

Telecommunications play a vital role in Iceland.[citation needed] Although the country's population is relatively small (~340,000), its penetration rates for network-related products and services are among the highest in the world. Approximately 97 percent of Iceland's households are connected to the Internet. Demand is high and continuous.[citation needed]

Isolation ended[edit]

The year 1906 marked a milestone in Iceland's history of telecommunications. That year, a submarine telegraph cable was laid from Scotland through the Faeroe Islands to Iceland, where it came ashore on the east coast. A telegraph and telephone line, which ended Iceland's international isolation, was laid to the capital city Reykjavík. Many years passed, however, before all Icelanders got access to the telephone system. The laying of telephone lines in rural areas was completed around 1960. The Iceland State Telephone Service was founded the same year as telephone technology arrived in Iceland, 1906. In 1935, the telephone and postal services were consolidated. In 1998, they were again separated, and the company Iceland Telecom Ltd was founded.[citation needed]

Automatic telephony[edit]

The people of Reykjavík were quick to adopt the telephone. In 1912, the total number of telephone users in the town was 300. In 1932, the first automatic telephone exchanges in Iceland were opened, and in 1986, all telephones in the country were connected to automatic telephone exchanges. The laying of fibreoptic cable around the country began in 1985. The first digital telephone exchanges were opened in 1984, and this technology extended to all telephone exchanges 11 years later.[citation needed]

Direct international dialling[edit]

Short-wave telephone communications with other countries were opened in 1935. The submarine cable, Scotice, between Scotland and Iceland was opened in 1962. In connection with the cable, telex services were established in Iceland. A year later, the Icecan cable between Iceland and Canada was formally opened. In 1980, the Skyggnir Earth Station came online, and telephone calls to other countries then went via satellite. Direct dialling to other countries became possible for the first time. In 1994, a new submarine cable, CANTAT-3, was opened.

Going mobile[edit]

Icelanders are quick to adapt to innovations, and this was especially true of mobile telephones. Looking back in history: The NMT system went into operation in 1986, and the GSM system in 1994. In 1998, the broadband was put into operation. Iceland Telecom serves both residential and corporate clients in this small, but technologically advanced, country. Given its customers' enthusiastic adoption of information and communications technologies.The company continually seeks ways to maximize its network assets and add more value for consumers.

Farice[edit]

A watershed in Iceland's telecommunications occurred when the FARICE submarine cable (2004), running between Iceland and Scotland via the Faeroe Islands, was brought into use. Farice hf. owner and operator of the cable as well as of the recently laid cable DANICE (2009). Iceland therefore has redundant connections via separate fibre optic cables stretching east and west across the ocean. This means more security than before when telephone and computer users had to rely on only one fibre optic cable, CANTAT-3 (now out of service), and a backup connection via satellite for all its communications with other countries. Telecommunications companies can now utilise both DANICE and FARICE-1 in parallel so that if the connection is broken on one cable, there will be no disruption of services.[citation needed]

IPTV[edit]

In early 2004, Iceland Telecom decided to expand its services to include Live TV and, now, Video on Demand a move to answer customers' requests for bundled television, broadband and telephony services, which would signal Iceland Telecom's entry into the world of "triple-play" (integrated telephone, television and broadband offerings). By distributing digital television content via the ADSL system, Iceland Telecom is utilising its large investment in telecommunications systems and facilitating the general build-up of the distribution system all over the country, beyond what had previously been viable.[citation needed]

Skjárinn[edit]

Síminn operated Skjárinn, a service provider in Iceland. The service provides a number of key local and international television services along with an on demand service providing viewers with the latest movies, sports and news.

Privatization[edit]

In July 2005, the Icelandic government privatized Landssími Íslands and sold its 98.8% share to Skipti ehf. In December 2005, three companies, Landssími Íslands, Íslenska sjónvarpsfélagið (The Icelandic Television Company) and the parent company, Skipti ehf., merged and the name was subsequently changed to Síminn hf. In March 2007 the following proposals of Siminn's board were approved: A new parent company called Skipti hf. was introduced and Síminn was split into three companies: Síminn hf. the main operating company; Fasteignafélagið Jörfi ehf, a real estate company, and Míla ehf which owns and operates the national trunk and access networks in Iceland. The new structural change took effect from 31 October 2006.[citation needed]

Competition[edit]

Póstur og sími had a monopoly on most telecommunications services until 1998. That year a new law came into effect and the market opened for competition. The first competitor was TAL, offering mobile services on reduced prices. Others followed, the biggest one being Íslandssími. In the Internet (ISP) market the competition was a lot tougher, with names like Íslandssími, Halló!, Margmiðlun, Skíma, Skrín, Snerpa, Íslandía and Miðheimar. In 2003 TAL, Íslandssími and Halló! merged under the name Og Vodafone. Og Vodafone has since then bought a few Icelandic Internet Service Providers. On October 6 Og Vodafone changed it name to Vodafone[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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