Sônia Guajajara

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Sônia Bone Guajajara
Sônia Guajajara (cropped).jpg
Personal details
Born (1974-03-06) 6 March 1974 (age 45)
Maranhão, Brazil

Sônia Bone Guajajara, OMC (born 6 March 1974 in Maranhão) is a Brazilian environmental and indigenous activist and politician.


Sônia Guajajara was born among the Guajajara people in a village in the Amazonian rainforest in Maranhão.[1] She studied at an agricultural college in Minas Gerais and continued studies in education at the Federal University of Maranhão.[2]

She was Socialism and Liberty Party candidate for the vice-presidency of Brazil in the 2018 general elections as Guilherme Boulos' running mate. Guajajara was one of the first two indigenous people to run for a federal executive office in Brazil, the other being Hamilton Mourão.[3][1] She has organized a number of demonstrations in support of indigenous rights in Brazil and facilitated a meeting of indigenous leaders with then President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff in 2013.[4]

Guajajara is the leader of Articulação dos Povos Indígenas do Brasil [pt] (Articulation of the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil), an organization that represents around 300 indigenous ethnic groups in Brazil.[1]

In 2015, she was named to the Brazilian Ordem do Mérito Cultural.[1] She was also awarded a medal by Maranhão state.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b c d "Sônia Guajajara". Green Cross International.
  2. ^ "Coordenadora da APIB, indígena Sonia Guajajara é cotada como vice de Boulos". Combate Racismo Ambiental (in Portuguese).
  3. ^ "Conheça Sônia Guajajara, primeira indígena em uma pré-candidatura presidencial" (in Portuguese). Partido Socialismo e Liberdade. 2018-03-14.
  4. ^ "Sônia Guajajara" (in French). Association québécoise des organismes de coopération internationale.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jorge Paz
PSOL nominee for Vice President of Brazil
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