Søgne

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Søgne kommune
View of Trysnes in Søgne
View of Trysnes in Søgne
Coat of arms of Søgne kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Søgne kommune
Vest-Agder within
Norway
Søgne within Vest-Agder
Søgne within Vest-Agder
Coordinates: 58°05′39″N 07°46′21″E / 58.09417°N 7.77250°E / 58.09417; 7.77250Coordinates: 58°05′39″N 07°46′21″E / 58.09417°N 7.77250°E / 58.09417; 7.77250
CountryNorway
CountyVest-Agder
DistrictSørlandet
Administrative centreTangvall
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Astrid Hilde (Ap)
Area
 • Total151.33 km2 (58.43 sq mi)
 • Land144.09 km2 (55.63 sq mi)
 • Water7.24 km2 (2.80 sq mi)
Area rank#354 in Norway
Population
 (2017)
 • Total11,321
 • Rank#103 in Norway
 • Density78.6/km2 (204/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
16.2%
Demonym(s)Søgnesokning[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1018
Official language formBokmål
Websitewww.sogne.kommune.no

Søgne is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sørlandet. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Tangvall. Other villages in Søgne include Ausviga, Eig, Høllen, Langenes, Lohne, Lunde, Ny-Hellesund, Trysnes, Vedderheia, Ålo, and Åros.

The 151-square-kilometre (58 sq mi) municipality is the 354th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Søgne is the 103rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 11,321. The municipality's population density is 78.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (204/sq mi) and its population has increased by 16.2% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

View of the coastline of Søgne
View of the harbour at Høllen
View of the cliffs of Ny-Hellesund

The parish of Sygne (later spelled Søgne) was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). on 1 July 1913, the northern half of Søgne (population: 822) was separated to form the new municipality of Greipstad. This left Søgne with 2,609 residents. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. Søgne municipality remained generally the same during this time, however, there were a couple of small changes to the municipal boundaries. On 1 January 1964, the Stubstad area of neighboring Holum municipality (population: 9) and the Brunvatne area of neighboring Øyslebø municipality (population: 44) were both transferred to Søgne municipality. Then on 1 January 1965, the unpopulated Svalemyren area of neighboring Mandal municipality was transferred to Søgne.[3]

On 1 January 2020, the three neighboring municipalities of Kristiansand, Songdalen, and Søgne will be merged to form one large municipality called Kristiansand.[4]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Søgne farm (Old Norse: Sygna), since the Old Søgne Church was built there. The farm is named after the river Sygna (now called Søgneelva) and the name of the river is derived from the verb súga which means "suck". The municipality was historically spelled Sygne until the late 1800s.[5]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 24 May 1985. The blue and silver/white arms show two stone road signs (varder), which in historical times were used to mark the paths and tracks. Two of the largest of these signs are found in the municipality, and were mentioned in historical records in the early 17th century. According to legend, they were already built by King Olaf II of Norway (Hellige-Olav), in the 11th century.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Søgne. It is part of the Mandal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark.

Churches in Søgne
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Søgne Søgne Church Lunde 1861
Old Søgne Church Søgne 1604

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Søgne, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Søgne is made up of 27 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Søgne Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet8
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet5
 Conservative PartyHøyre6
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti3
 Green PartyMiljøpartiet De Grønne1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet1
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Liberal PartyVenstre2
Total number of members:27

Media[edit]

The newspaper Søgne og Songdalen Budstikke has been published in Søgne since 1999.[8]

Geography[edit]

Søgne is a small, coastal municipality, with a long stretch of coastline and islands to the south. To the east, it borders the municipality of Kristiansand, to the north and northeast it borders the municipalities of Marnardal and Songdalen, and to the west it borders the municipality of Mandal.

The municipality has a couple main rivers running through it: Lundeelva and Søgneelva. The Trysfjorden cuts into the shoreline in the west part of the municipality. There are also many islands to the south of the mainland. Ny-Hellesund is a small cluster of three populated islands that were an important outport in the history of Søgne. The Songvår Lighthouse is located in the far south part of the municipality on the small island of Hellersøya.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Søgne
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.1
(31.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
1.7
(35.1)
5.0
(41.0)
10.0
(50.0)
13.9
(57.0)
15.5
(59.9)
15.1
(59.2)
12.0
(53.6)
8.7
(47.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.5
(34.7)
7.3
(45.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 137
(5.4)
90
(3.5)
99
(3.9)
66
(2.6)
89
(3.5)
81
(3.2)
93
(3.7)
127
(5.0)
154
(6.1)
177
(7.0)
176
(6.9)
131
(5.2)
1,420
(55.9)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-11-05.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ "Nye Kristiansand" (in Norwegian). Kristiansand kommune. Retrieved 2017-11-05.
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1912). Norske gaardnavne: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian) (9 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 46.
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  7. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.
  8. ^ Store norske leksikon: Søgne og Songdalen Budstikke.
  9. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.

External links[edit]