Søgne

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Søgne kommune
Municipality
View of Trysnes in Søgne
View of Trysnes in Søgne
Coat of arms of Søgne kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Søgne kommune
Vest-Agder within
Norway
Søgne within Vest-Agder
Søgne within Vest-Agder
Coordinates: 58°05′39″N 07°46′21″E / 58.09417°N 7.77250°E / 58.09417; 7.77250Coordinates: 58°05′39″N 07°46′21″E / 58.09417°N 7.77250°E / 58.09417; 7.77250
Country Norway
County Vest-Agder
District Sørlandet
Administrative centre Tangvall
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Astrid Hilde (Ap)
Area
 • Total 151.26 km2 (58.40 sq mi)
 • Land 144.09 km2 (55.63 sq mi)
 • Water 7.17 km2 (2.77 sq mi)
Area rank 356 in Norway
Population (2016)
 • Total 11,260
 • Rank 103 in Norway
 • Density 78.1/km2 (202/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 17.2 %
Demonym(s) Søgnesokning[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1018
Official language form Bokmål
Website www.sogne.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Søgne is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sørlandet. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Tangvall. Other villages in Søgne include Ausviga, Eig, Høllen, Langenes, Lohne, Lunde, Ny-Hellesund, Trysnes, Vedderheia, Ålo, and Åros.

General information[edit]

View of the coastline of Søgne
View of the harbour at Høllen
View of the cliffs of Ny-Hellesund

The parish of Sygne (later spelled Søgne) was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). on 1 July 1913, the northern half of Søgne (population: 822) was separated to form the new municipality of Greipstad. This left Søgne with 2,609 residents. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. Søgne municipality remained generally the same during this time, however, there were a couple of small changes to the municipal boundaries. On 1 January 1964, the Stubstad area of neighboring Holum municipality (population: 9) and the Brunvatne area of neighboring Øyslebø municipality (population: 44) were both transferred to Søgne municipality. Then on 1 January 1965, the unpopulated Svalemyren area of neighboring Mandal municipality was transferred to Søgne.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Søgne farm (Old Norse: Sygna), since the Old Søgne Church was built there. The farm is named after the river Sygna (now called Søgneelva) and the name of the river is derived from the verb súga which means "suck". The municipality was historically spelled Sygne until the late 1800s.[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 24 May 1985. The blue and silver/white arms show two stone road signs (varder), which in historical times were used to mark the paths and tracks. Two of the largest of these signs are found in the municipality, and were mentioned in historical records in the early 17th century. According to legend, they were already built by King Olaf II of Norway (Hellige-Olav), in the 11th century.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Søgne. It is part of the Mandal deanery in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark.

Churches in Søgne
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Søgne Søgne Church Lunde 1861
Old Søgne Church Søgne 1604

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Søgne, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Søgne is made up of 27 representatives that are elected to every four years. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[5]

Søgne Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 8
  Progress Party Fremskrittspartiet 5
  Conservative Party Høyre 6
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 3
  Green Party Miljøpartiet De Grønne 1
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 1
  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 1
  Liberal Party Venstre 2
Total number of members: 27

Media[edit]

The newspaper Søgne og Songdalen Budstikke has been published in Søgne since 1999.[6]

Geography[edit]

Søgne is a small, coastal municipality, with a long stretch of coastline and islands to the south. To the east, it borders the municipality of Kristiansand, to the north and northeast it borders the municipalities of Marnardal and Songdalen, and to the west it borders the municipality of Mandal.

The municipality has a couple main rivers running through it: Lundeelva and Søgneelva. The Trysfjorden cuts into the shoreline in the west part of the municipality. There are also many islands to the south of the mainland. Ny-Hellesund is a small cluster of three populated islands that were an important outport in the history of Søgne. The Songvår Lighthouse is located in the far south part of the municipality on the small island of Hellersøya.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Søgne
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.1
(31.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
1.7
(35.1)
5.0
(41)
10.0
(50)
13.9
(57)
15.5
(59.9)
15.1
(59.2)
12.0
(53.6)
8.7
(47.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.5
(34.7)
7.3
(45.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 137
(5.39)
90
(3.54)
99
(3.9)
66
(2.6)
89
(3.5)
81
(3.19)
93
(3.66)
127
(5)
154
(6.06)
177
(6.97)
176
(6.93)
131
(5.16)
1,420
(55.91)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1912). Norske gaardnavne: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian) (9 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 46. 
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-01-02. 
  5. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 
  6. ^ Store norske leksikon: Søgne og Songdalen Budstikke.
  7. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]