Sømna

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Sømna kommune
View of the village of Berg
View of the village of Berg
Official logo of Sømna kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Sømna within Nordland
Sømna within Nordland
Coordinates: 65°19′25″N 12°10′38″E / 65.32361°N 12.17722°E / 65.32361; 12.17722Coordinates: 65°19′25″N 12°10′38″E / 65.32361°N 12.17722°E / 65.32361; 12.17722
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictHelgeland
Established1 Jan 1901
Administrative centreVik i Helgeland
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Andrine Solli Oppegaard (Ap)
Area
 • Total195.26 km2 (75.39 sq mi)
 • Land191.75 km2 (74.04 sq mi)
 • Water3.51 km2 (1.36 sq mi)  1.8%
Area rank#329 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total2,020
 • Rank#327 in Norway
 • Density10.5/km2 (27/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-1.8%
Demonym(s)sømnværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1812
Official language formBokmål
Websitesomna.kommune.no

Sømna is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Helgeland traditional region. The administrative center of Sømna is the village of Vik i Helgeland. Other villages in the municipality include Dalbotn, Sund, Vennesund, and Berg.

The oldest boat remains ever found in Norway (Haugvikbåten - 2,500 years old) was discovered in a bog in Sømna.

Sømna has some of the best agriculture in the region. Dairy and beef cows as well as grains are produced in Sømna. There is also a dairy in Berg that produces milk and cheese.[2]

The 195-square-kilometre (75 sq mi) municipality is the 329th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Sømna is the 325th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,020. The municipality's population density is 10.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (27/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 1.8% over the last decade.[3][4]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Vik was established on 1 January 1901 when it was separated from the large municipality of Brønnøy. The initial population of Vik was 2,731. In 1941 the municipality was renamed Sømna. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, a major municipal merger took place. The following areas were merged to form a new, larger Brønnøy municipality.

This merger was short-lived because on 1 January 1977, all of the old Sømna municipality (except the Hongsetbygda area) was removed from Brønnøy to become a separate municipality once again. There were 2,107 residents in the newly recreated Sømna municipality.[5]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was probably Søfn. The meaning of the name is unknown, but it is possibly derived from sveifa which means "wind" or "wave" or it could be derived from svefja meaning a "quiet sleep".[2]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 14 June 1991. The arms show three combined silver leaves of clover (trefoils) on a red background. The arms symbolize agriculture, culture, and prosperity combined.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Sømna. It is part of the Sør-Helgeland prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Sømna
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Sømna Sømna Church Vik i Helgeland 1876

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Sømna is mostly made up of the southern part of a peninsula off the mainland of Norway and the surrounding islands. It borders Brønnøy to the north by land and Bindal to the south and east by sea, across the Bindalsfjorden.

Sømna consists mainly of a wide Strandflaten lowland (coastal brim), and is one of few municipalities in Northern Norway where the farmers still grow some grain.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Sømna, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[7] The municipality falls under the Brønnøy District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Sømna is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Sømna Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet5
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet7
 Local ListsLokale lister4
Total number of members:17

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Sømna" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2011-11-02.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  7. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  8. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.

External links[edit]